Hemant Goswami
Human Rights?

My understanding of Human Rights
1. To enjoy everything what the nature has given
    you ……. unhindered
2....
What Role Does the State
          have in this?
  Just to ensure that everyone’s rights are protected and
  everyone is …...
In India

Chapter III of the Indian Constitution can said to be
India’s declaration of Human Rights
Despite this, there ha...
Article 19(1)(a)
19. Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc. - (1)
    All citizens shall have the ...
RTI and 19(1)(a)
If free flow of information is missing, then how can
there be freedom of speech and expression?

Open and...
Right to Information
RTI is part of this basic Human Right …….. It’s the
most basic of the rights

Makes it mandatory on t...
How we have been doing till
      now in India?




Extremely
   BAD
The Present Scenario
There is freedom of speech even inside the Parliament … what to say
of common man. Constant fear of r...
Use of RTI for corrective
             action

What RTI is being used for since 2005
• Exposing wrongs done to oneself
• P...
What RTI has actually done


  Brought greater
degree of ‘freedom of
     speech and
     expression’
   …….. paved way fo...
What you can do?




Can you take complete responsibility of 50 yards radius around you?




                        My Ph...
Thank You




Questions & Comments
              Hemant Goswami
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R T I and Human Rights - Hemant Goswami

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Presentation by Hemant Goswami on RTI and Human RIghts. This is part of the
talk delivered by Hemant Goswami in Punjab University Chandigarh on March 5,
2010.

Published in: News & Politics
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R T I and Human Rights - Hemant Goswami

  1. 1. Hemant Goswami
  2. 2. Human Rights? My understanding of Human Rights 1. To enjoy everything what the nature has given you ……. unhindered 2. Enjoying it within reasonable parameters of ‘Civility’ ………… i.e. …….. In accordance with the mutually agreed upon safeguards for uniform enjoyment of natural rights “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights”
  3. 3. What Role Does the State have in this? Just to ensure that everyone’s rights are protected and everyone is ……………… 2. Enjoying it within reasonable parameters of ‘Civility’ ………… i.e. …….. In accordance with the mutually agreed upon safeguards for uniform enjoyment of natural rights … [Constitution and Laws] State has no business to walk even a small step further than this ….
  4. 4. In India Chapter III of the Indian Constitution can said to be India’s declaration of Human Rights Despite this, there have been numerous dilutions …. We have also carried over the burden of our legacy of oppression ……. Carried it forward from the unfair rulers and occupiers with little application of mind. Article 19(1)(a) can be said to be the First Right
  5. 5. Article 19(1)(a) 19. Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc. - (1) All citizens shall have the right- (a) To freedom of speech and expression; There can be no freedom, if there is no “Freedom of Speech.” In all oppressions, freedom of expression is the first causality …. In INDIA we have never seen true ‘Freedom of Speech and Expression.’ If this right is not ensured (and safeguarded) then we are bound to loose our freedom and democracy
  6. 6. RTI and 19(1)(a) If free flow of information is missing, then how can there be freedom of speech and expression? Open and free dialogue is possible only when sufficient information is available for further deliberations and discussion Dialogue, discussions and expression must be free from any retaliation or oppressive/suppressive action
  7. 7. Right to Information RTI is part of this basic Human Right …….. It’s the most basic of the rights Makes it mandatory on the custodian/trustees for safeguarding ‘Civility’ to share all information, inputs and output which was processed during the ‘Service to the Public/Humanity’ Intents to open up dialogue for necessary corrective action and ensure development in the right and desired direction Protect equal distribution of good among all ……….. All other rights dependent on this right
  8. 8. How we have been doing till now in India? Extremely BAD
  9. 9. The Present Scenario There is freedom of speech even inside the Parliament … what to say of common man. Constant fear of retaliation; both direct and indirect Various Cities (Including Chandigarh) see frequent violation of Chapter III …. For example part of Chandigarh is continuously under Section 144 Cr.P.C. Which means; your constitutional rights have been hijacked Information is not shared ……. Even at the highest level. Transparency is not maintained. Free speech is not accepted State machinery, including police, is non responsive even to individual cry of grievance …… even registration of an FIR is not possible without paying bribes. Political environment is also not conducive to free speech and free flow of information
  10. 10. Use of RTI for corrective action What RTI is being used for since 2005 • Exposing wrongs done to oneself • Public resources • Exposing public corruption • Speeding up the process without the SPEED…money • Corrective policy intervention by citizen groups
  11. 11. What RTI has actually done Brought greater degree of ‘freedom of speech and expression’ …….. paved way for comprehensive human rights This single act has helped human rights more than anything else
  12. 12. What you can do? Can you take complete responsibility of 50 yards radius around you? My Philosophy of Citizens’ Action
  13. 13. Thank You Questions & Comments Hemant Goswami

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