Monday, August 31 <ul><li>Objective: Define Stress and describe the physical and emotional changes associated with stress ...
Effects of Stress
How stressed are you? <ul><li>Take this stress assessment to find out </li></ul>
Stress
Stress <ul><li>The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors,  that we appraise as thre...
Health Psychology <ul><li>A subfield of psychology that focuses on how stress affects our well being and health </li></ul>...
Stress: Responding to Stress
Walter Canon’s Fight-or-Flight Response <ul><li>Regardless of the stressor, the body reacts by increasing the amount of bl...
Walter Canon’s Fight-or-Flight Response
Responding to Stress
Responding to Stress
Responding to Stress
Hans Selye (1907-1982) <ul><li>Psychologist who researched recurring responses to stress the he called the general adaptat...
General Adaptation Syndrome <ul><li>Sylye’s concept of the body’s adaptive response to stress in three stages </li></ul><u...
General Adaptation Syndrome <ul><li>Alarm Reaction – nervous system activated in response to stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
General Adaptation Syndrome
General Adaptation Syndrome
General Adaptation Syndrome
Stress: Stressful Events
Daily Stress <ul><li>Stress can be caused by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typical demands of the day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Burnout <ul><li>Physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job-related stress </li></ul><ul><li>B...
Significant Life Changes <ul><li>Stress can be the result of personal life changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Death of a loved ...
Catastrophes <ul><li>Large scale stress events (i.e. earthquakes, floods, war, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Prolonged exposure ...
Do you think life events affect stress? <ul><li>Take this quiz to find out </li></ul>
Tuesday, September 1 <ul><li>Objective: Evaluate how outlook and feelings of control influence health; and evaluate how so...
Effects of Perceived Control
Perceived Control <ul><li>The sense of control or influence one has over stressful events in one’s life </li></ul><ul><li>...
Rodin’s nursing home study <ul><li>J. Rodin’s study took place in 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>He separated nursing home patien...
Optimism <ul><li>A generally positive outlook on the future </li></ul><ul><li>Optimists have stronger immune systems and r...
Stress Hormones <ul><li>Hormones released in response to stress </li></ul><ul><li>The body must work to rid the body of th...
Stress and Disease: Cancer and Stress
Stress-Cancer Connection <ul><li>Evidence for a connection is not conclusive. </li></ul><ul><li>Two conclusions: </li></ul...
Stress and Disease: Stress and Heart Problems
Type A <ul><li>Term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone. </li></ul><ul><li>More...
Type B <ul><li>Individuals who are easygoing, relaxed people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #38, 39 </li></ul></ul>
Which type are you? <ul><li>Take this assessment to find out. </li></ul>
Promoting Wellness
Introduction
Martin Seligman (1942-  ) <ul><li>American psychologist </li></ul><ul><li>Proponent of positive psychology </li></ul><ul><...
Wellness <ul><li>The common result of a healthy lifestyle and healthy attitudes </li></ul>
Healthy Lifestyles: Exercise
Benefits of Daily Exercise <ul><li>Effective in reducing anxiety and depression </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to greater self co...
Exercise and Mental Health
Healthy Lifestyles: Family and Friends
Benefits of Social Support <ul><li>Social support – makes people feel liked and wanted </li></ul><ul><li>Social support le...
Healthy Lifestyles: The Faith Factor
Benefits of Religious Activity <ul><li>Studies suggest those involved in religion tend to live longer </li></ul><ul><li>Fa...
Benefits of Religious Activity
The Faith Factor Explained
The Faith Factor Explained
The Faith Factor Explained
The Faith Factor Explained
The Faith Factor Explained
Positive Experiences and Well-Being
Positive Psychology <ul><li>Subfield of psychology that focuses on the study of optimal human functioning and the factors ...
Well-being <ul><li>Concept that includes life satisfaction, feelings of fulfillment, pleasant emotions, and low level of u...
Positive Experiences and Well-Being: Flow
Flow <ul><li>A state of optimal experience that involves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requ...
Positive Experiences and Well-Being: Happiness
Characteristics of Happy People
Positive Experiences and Well-Being: Optimism
Explanatory Style <ul><li>Habits we have for thinking about the good or bad causes of events </li></ul><ul><li>Can be opti...
Optimism <ul><li>The tendency to expect the best </li></ul><ul><li>Believe bad events are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporary...
Pessimism <ul><li>The tendency to expect the worst </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to blame themselves for bad situations </li></ul...
Overcoming  Illness-Related Behaviors: Smoking
Dangers of Smoking
Nicotine <ul><li>The  behavioral stimulant found in tobacco </li></ul>
Withdrawal <ul><li>The discomfort and distress that follows discontinuing the use of an addictive drug such as nicotine </...
10 Guidelines to Quitting Smoking <ul><li>1. Set a specific date to quit. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Inform other people of your...
10 Guidelines to Quitting Smoking (continued) <ul><li>6. Be totally abstinent. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Avoid alcohol. </li></...
Wednesday, September 2 <ul><li>Objective: Evaluate how social support and positive emotional experiences contribute to hea...
Thursday, September 3 <ul><li>Objective: Use psychology terminology correctly </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment: Unit One Vocab...
Friday, September 7 <ul><li>Objective: Demonstrate mastery of memory and stress unit </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment: Unit On...
The End
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Stress trq

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Stress trq

  1. 1. Monday, August 31 <ul><li>Objective: Define Stress and describe the physical and emotional changes associated with stress </li></ul><ul><li>Homework Due </li></ul>
  2. 2. Effects of Stress
  3. 3. How stressed are you? <ul><li>Take this stress assessment to find out </li></ul>
  4. 4. Stress
  5. 5. Stress <ul><li>The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging </li></ul><ul><li>Is a process of perceiving and responding </li></ul><ul><li>The response is called a stress reaction </li></ul><ul><li>TRQ: #27 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Health Psychology <ul><li>A subfield of psychology that focuses on how stress affects our well being and health </li></ul><ul><li>TRQ: #28 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stress: Responding to Stress
  8. 8. Walter Canon’s Fight-or-Flight Response <ul><li>Regardless of the stressor, the body reacts by increasing the amount of blood sugar and adrenaline. </li></ul><ul><li>These responses are designed to prepare a person for self-defense and are often called the fight-or-flight response. </li></ul><ul><li>However, if stress persists for a long time, the body’s resources are used up. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Walter Canon’s Fight-or-Flight Response
  10. 10. Responding to Stress
  11. 11. Responding to Stress
  12. 12. Responding to Stress
  13. 13. Hans Selye (1907-1982) <ul><li>Psychologist who researched recurring responses to stress the he called the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered various chemicals caused stress reactions in animals </li></ul>
  14. 14. General Adaptation Syndrome <ul><li>Sylye’s concept of the body’s adaptive response to stress in three stages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alarm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhaustion </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. General Adaptation Syndrome <ul><li>Alarm Reaction – nervous system activated in response to stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance – body responds with physiological reactions to cope with the stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaustion – body’s resistance to stress is depleted (physical deterioration); this is when we are most likely to get sick </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #30, 31 </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. General Adaptation Syndrome
  17. 17. General Adaptation Syndrome
  18. 18. General Adaptation Syndrome
  19. 19. Stress: Stressful Events
  20. 20. Daily Stress <ul><li>Stress can be caused by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typical demands of the day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Living situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic difficulties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #33 </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Burnout <ul><li>Physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job-related stress </li></ul><ul><li>Burnout can result in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreased performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cynicism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #32 </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Significant Life Changes <ul><li>Stress can be the result of personal life changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Death of a loved one </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaving home for college </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can result in health problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #33 </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Catastrophes <ul><li>Large scale stress events (i.e. earthquakes, floods, war, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Prolonged exposure can lead to physical and psychological problems. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #33 </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Do you think life events affect stress? <ul><li>Take this quiz to find out </li></ul>
  25. 25. Tuesday, September 1 <ul><li>Objective: Evaluate how outlook and feelings of control influence health; and evaluate how social support and positive emotional experiences contribute to health and well-being </li></ul>
  26. 26. Effects of Perceived Control
  27. 27. Perceived Control <ul><li>The sense of control or influence one has over stressful events in one’s life </li></ul><ul><li>Most studies suggest the lower the perceived control the larger the potential for health-related problems </li></ul><ul><li>Lower perceived control leads to a lowered immunity to disease. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #34 </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Rodin’s nursing home study <ul><li>J. Rodin’s study took place in 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>He separated nursing home patients into two groups: those that could choose how they wanted to decorate their rooms, and those that could not </li></ul><ul><li>He found that those who were given the choice on decorations were happier, lived longer, and some actually recovered from their illness </li></ul><ul><li>TRQ: #35 </li></ul>
  29. 29. Optimism <ul><li>A generally positive outlook on the future </li></ul><ul><li>Optimists have stronger immune systems and recover faster from health problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Opposite of pessimism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #36 </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Stress Hormones <ul><li>Hormones released in response to stress </li></ul><ul><li>The body must work to rid the body of the stress hormones. </li></ul><ul><li>Pessimism and perceived lack of control both produce more stress hormones. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Stress and Disease: Cancer and Stress
  32. 32. Stress-Cancer Connection <ul><li>Evidence for a connection is not conclusive. </li></ul><ul><li>Two conclusions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress does not create cancer cells. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress affects the body’s malignancy- fighting ability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #37 </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Stress and Disease: Stress and Heart Problems
  34. 34. Type A <ul><li>Term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone. </li></ul><ul><li>More prone to heart attacks and other stress related illnesses. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #38, 39 </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Type B <ul><li>Individuals who are easygoing, relaxed people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRQ: #38, 39 </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Which type are you? <ul><li>Take this assessment to find out. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Promoting Wellness
  38. 38. Introduction
  39. 39. Martin Seligman (1942- ) <ul><li>American psychologist </li></ul><ul><li>Proponent of positive psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Former president of the APA </li></ul>
  40. 40. Wellness <ul><li>The common result of a healthy lifestyle and healthy attitudes </li></ul>
  41. 41. Healthy Lifestyles: Exercise
  42. 42. Benefits of Daily Exercise <ul><li>Effective in reducing anxiety and depression </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to greater self confidence and self discipline </li></ul>
  43. 43. Exercise and Mental Health
  44. 44. Healthy Lifestyles: Family and Friends
  45. 45. Benefits of Social Support <ul><li>Social support – makes people feel liked and wanted </li></ul><ul><li>Social support leads to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less physical problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More pleasure in life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longer life span </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. Healthy Lifestyles: The Faith Factor
  47. 47. Benefits of Religious Activity <ul><li>Studies suggest those involved in religion tend to live longer </li></ul><ul><li>Factors of religion contributing to longer life include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion promotes healthy lifestyles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious involvement offers social support. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many religions promote optimism. </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Benefits of Religious Activity
  49. 49. The Faith Factor Explained
  50. 50. The Faith Factor Explained
  51. 51. The Faith Factor Explained
  52. 52. The Faith Factor Explained
  53. 53. The Faith Factor Explained
  54. 54. Positive Experiences and Well-Being
  55. 55. Positive Psychology <ul><li>Subfield of psychology that focuses on the study of optimal human functioning and the factors that allow individuals and communities to thrive </li></ul>
  56. 56. Well-being <ul><li>Concept that includes life satisfaction, feelings of fulfillment, pleasant emotions, and low level of unpleasant emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Person judges life as satisfying, fulfilling, and “going well” </li></ul>
  57. 57. Positive Experiences and Well-Being: Flow
  58. 58. Flow <ul><li>A state of optimal experience that involves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires skill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has clear goals and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People do the activity for its own sake. </li></ul>
  59. 59. Positive Experiences and Well-Being: Happiness
  60. 60. Characteristics of Happy People
  61. 61. Positive Experiences and Well-Being: Optimism
  62. 62. Explanatory Style <ul><li>Habits we have for thinking about the good or bad causes of events </li></ul><ul><li>Can be optimistic or pessimistic </li></ul>
  63. 63. Optimism <ul><li>The tendency to expect the best </li></ul><ul><li>Believe bad events are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not their fault </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will not have broader effects beyond the present circumstances </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. Pessimism <ul><li>The tendency to expect the worst </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to blame themselves for bad situations </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to see the negative as permanent in nature </li></ul>
  65. 65. Overcoming Illness-Related Behaviors: Smoking
  66. 66. Dangers of Smoking
  67. 67. Nicotine <ul><li>The behavioral stimulant found in tobacco </li></ul>
  68. 68. Withdrawal <ul><li>The discomfort and distress that follows discontinuing the use of an addictive drug such as nicotine </li></ul>
  69. 69. 10 Guidelines to Quitting Smoking <ul><li>1. Set a specific date to quit. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Inform other people of your plans. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Get rid of all cigarettes. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Review previous attempts to quit and anticipate challenges. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Use a nicotine patch or gum. </li></ul>
  70. 70. 10 Guidelines to Quitting Smoking (continued) <ul><li>6. Be totally abstinent. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Avoid alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Quit together with family or friends who also smoke (especially those at home or work). </li></ul><ul><li>9. Avoid places where others smoke. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Exercise regularly. </li></ul>
  71. 71. Wednesday, September 2 <ul><li>Objective: Evaluate how social support and positive emotional experiences contribute to health and well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment: Watch Stress: Portrait of a Killer and complete the video guide. This will be due at the end of class. </li></ul><ul><li>Unit One Vocab Quiz is tomorrow …bring your notes and test review with you! </li></ul>
  72. 72. Thursday, September 3 <ul><li>Objective: Use psychology terminology correctly </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment: Unit One Vocabulary Quiz (you may use your notes and test review on this quiz) </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment: Complete Unit One test review in class (due tomorrow) </li></ul><ul><li>Unit One Test is tomorrow! </li></ul>
  73. 73. Friday, September 7 <ul><li>Objective: Demonstrate mastery of memory and stress unit </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment: Unit One Test (you may use a notecard on this test if you completed the “About Me” collage) </li></ul><ul><li>When you finish your test, please sit quietly and do not talk until everyone is finished </li></ul>
  74. 74. The End

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