Data is the Border: An overview of surveillance technologies in Europe<br />Jill Baron<br />December 10, 2009<br />
bor⋅der–noun<br />The frontier line which separates one country from another.<br />A side, an edge, a brink, a margin, a l...
Maps make borders<br />
Walls make borders<br />
U.S. Mexican border<br />Israeli Separation Barrier<br />
Frontier lines are visible borders<br />
What about borders that are invisible?<br />
What if all you have is<br />
or<br />	00001110110101010101010101000000111010101010010100101010100001000101001010100101010101001010111100010001010010101...
Your border is more like a<br />A side<br />an edge<br />a brink<br />a margin<br />a limit<br />
The EU and its borders<br />
Brief Chronology:<br />1951: Treaty of Paris signed by France, Italy, West Germany, and the Benelux countries. <br /> 1985...
SIS<br />An EU-wide database that allows countries <br />to store and share alphanumeric data about:<br /><ul><li>  Irregu...
  Asylum seekers
  Wanted or missing persons
  Criminals</li></li></ul><li>SIS 2<br />Planned deployment in Fall 2011.<br />Will integrate digital images and biometric...
Schengen Area 2009<br />
E-passports<br />In 2004 the US Visa Waiver program required that all new and existing EU Member States issue machine-read...
Spain<br />
S.I.V.E. SistemaIntegrado de Vigilancia Exterior (Integrated System of Border Surveillance)<br />2001: 1st station in Gibr...
S.I.V.E. in the Canary Islands, Spain<br />
S.I.V.E.:<br />Towers provisioned with radars and infrared and thermal cameras<br />Control centers remotely manipulate th...
S.I.V.E.<br />Now controls 1,000 km of Spanish coastline.<br />Fixed and mobile detection devices can identify a small ves...
That’s right:<br />	War technology is being used against non-criminals.<br />
Spanish IT and defense systems company.<br />Implements technology of S.I.V.E.<br />Defense and security account for 29% o...
Sea Horse<br />EU funded project (1.8 beuros)<br />Satellite-based high-speed communications network that allows neighbori...
To conclude,<br />
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Data is the Border

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Data is the Border

  1. 1. Data is the Border: An overview of surveillance technologies in Europe<br />Jill Baron<br />December 10, 2009<br />
  2. 2. bor⋅der–noun<br />The frontier line which separates one country from another.<br />A side, an edge, a brink, a margin, a limit.<br />
  3. 3. Maps make borders<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Walls make borders<br />
  6. 6. U.S. Mexican border<br />Israeli Separation Barrier<br />
  7. 7. Frontier lines are visible borders<br />
  8. 8. What about borders that are invisible?<br />
  9. 9. What if all you have is<br />
  10. 10. or<br /> 00001110110101010101010101000000111010101010010100101010100001000101001010100101010101001010111100010001010010101010101001010000000011111110101001010010101010111100001101010001010100000<br />
  11. 11. Your border is more like a<br />A side<br />an edge<br />a brink<br />a margin<br />a limit<br />
  12. 12. The EU and its borders<br />
  13. 13. Brief Chronology:<br />1951: Treaty of Paris signed by France, Italy, West Germany, and the Benelux countries. <br /> 1985: The Schengen Agreement abolished internal borders within the European Union.<br />1986: Spain joins the EU.<br />1989: Berlin Wall comes down, Germany reunifies.<br />1990: Birth of the Schengen Information System (SIS).<br />
  14. 14. SIS<br />An EU-wide database that allows countries <br />to store and share alphanumeric data about:<br /><ul><li> Irregular migrants
  15. 15. Asylum seekers
  16. 16. Wanted or missing persons
  17. 17. Criminals</li></li></ul><li>SIS 2<br />Planned deployment in Fall 2011.<br />Will integrate digital images and biometric data (fingerprints and facial image) into holdings.<br />Will answer police requests within 5 seconds.<br />
  18. 18. Schengen Area 2009<br />
  19. 19. E-passports<br />In 2004 the US Visa Waiver program required that all new and existing EU Member States issue machine-readable passports with a radio-frequency identification tag (RFID). <br />The RFID tag in EU passports contains biographical information about the passenger including fingerprint biometrics.<br />
  20. 20. Spain<br />
  21. 21. S.I.V.E. SistemaIntegrado de Vigilancia Exterior (Integrated System of Border Surveillance)<br />2001: 1st station in Gibraltar<br />2009: 43 stations along the<br /> Spanish coastline<br />
  22. 22. S.I.V.E. in the Canary Islands, Spain<br />
  23. 23. S.I.V.E.:<br />Towers provisioned with radars and infrared and thermal cameras<br />Control centers remotely manipulate the radars (positioning, focus) view images and coordinate command<br />Interception units (boats, helicopters) receive orders from control centers and dispatch when called. <br />
  24. 24. S.I.V.E.<br />Now controls 1,000 km of Spanish coastline.<br />Fixed and mobile detection devices can identify a small vessel 10 km from shore<br />Can estimate number of passengers 5 km from shore.<br />In Canary Islands, S.I.V.E. uses advanced radar technology deployed in the war in Afghanistan. <br />
  25. 25. That’s right:<br /> War technology is being used against non-criminals.<br />
  26. 26. Spanish IT and defense systems company.<br />Implements technology of S.I.V.E.<br />Defense and security account for 29% of business.<br />Maker of Lanza Radar with a range of 470 km. Radar has a moving target detection and indicator system.<br />Chief Executive in USA is Emilio Gonzalez, former undersecretary of Homeland Security under the Bush Administration.<br />
  27. 27. Sea Horse<br />EU funded project (1.8 beuros)<br />Satellite-based high-speed communications network that allows neighboring countries to exchange information and coordinate efforts against irregular migrants.<br />Automatic identification system to facilitate viewing images geographically in real time. <br />Technology is not new, but the application is. <br />
  28. 28. To conclude,<br />
  29. 29. 20 years ago…<br />
  30. 30. Today,<br />“The European policy on border security appears to be primarily focused on the development of non-tangible, technology-based and dispersed borders centered on the need to track and ‘manage’ the individual through the use of new technologies and Europe-wide databases.”<br />Carrera, S. (2007). “The EU Border Management Strategy: FRONTEX and the Challenges of Irregular Immigration.” Centre for European Policy Studies.<br />

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