Rights and duties of a citizen


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Rights and duties of a citizen

  1. 1. RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CITIZENS AND STATE By M. Umair Mehfooz Awan 03F-EE-18
  2. 2. Rights and Duties. <ul><li>Man is a social animal . Human nature has two aspects, one is personal and other is related to his social life . </li></ul><ul><li>Right Personal life. </li></ul><ul><li>Duties Social life. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Essentials of rights. <ul><li>Right is claim, desire or power of a person to act, possess or achieve something. </li></ul><ul><li>It is recognize by the society or state. Rights have tendency to grow and change with the passage of time and change in conditions of social life and progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Every right has a corresponding duty. </li></ul><ul><li>It should serve the moral end of the state like general welfare and common good of all men. </li></ul>
  4. 4. DUTIES <ul><li>“ Duty is an obligation to do or not to do something for the sake of other.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Citizen <ul><li>An individual happens to be in the society. </li></ul>Individual Family Tribe State Globalization
  6. 6. State <ul><li>“The state is a community of people, occupying a definite territory, organized under a government which is supreme over all persons and associations within its territory and independent of all foreign control or power.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Elements of State <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>Land or Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty </li></ul>
  8. 8. Duties of State and Rights of Citizen <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Development (tradition, religion, music, language) </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom (Speech, life, employment) </li></ul><ul><li>Political Rights </li></ul>
  9. 9. Duties of Citizen and Rights of State <ul><li>Obedience of Law </li></ul><ul><li>Payment of taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Allegiance to the State </li></ul><ul><li>Duty to vote </li></ul>
  10. 10. Islamic Concept <ul><li>United nation Charter of human rights </li></ul><ul><li>VS </li></ul><ul><li>The last ceremon of Holy prophet (SAW) </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll term it as the First charter of human rights. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Islam termed the following things as the Fundamental rights of citizen which are correspondingly the duties of state. </li></ul><ul><li>these are </li></ul><ul><li>Food, Clothes, Shelter, Health, Education, Self respect, Nikah. </li></ul><ul><li>These things are for every one with out any difference. </li></ul>
  12. 12. AL QURAN <ul><li>إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَاِبْنِ السَّبِيلِ فَرِيضَةً مِنْ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ (60:9). </li></ul><ul><li>Zakah is only for the poor and the needy, and for those who are ‘amils over it, and for those whose hearts are to be reconciled [to the truth], and for the emancipation of the slaves and for those who have been inflicted with losses and for the way of Allah and for the welfare of the wayfarers. This is an obligation decreed by the Almighty, the All-Knowing and the Wise. (9:60) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Seerat-e-Nabvi and Seerat-e- Sahaba <ul><li>Hadith: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pay the laborer before his sweat dries off ” </li></ul><ul><li>Hazrat Umer said: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Umer is answerable for the death of dog at the bank of Neel due to hunger.” </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>An Islamic state is responsible for all the basic necessities of its citizens keeping in view their Spiritual and Materialistic needs. </li></ul><ul><li>State claims its rights when it performs its duties. </li></ul><ul><li>During draught and famine, Hazrat Umer relaxed the punishments related to robbery and theft </li></ul>
  15. 15. Upper Extreme Lower Extreme Standard of Living maintained by state Example of Gardener who cares for all the Plants such that no single plant dies. If any plant tries to grow out of its allowable range or it is harmful for other plants, he cuts it.