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Victimology Intro Students


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Victimology Intro Students

  1. 1. Victimology <ul><li>The specific and deliberate study of a crime victim. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Why would we study the victim? <ul><li>Effective in defining the suspect pool. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop links and connections to a possible suspect. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop timelines for victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to understand victim past and present. </li></ul><ul><li>We may be able to predict type of victim suspect may select in the future. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Victim lifestyle risk - <ul><li>Based on personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Environment – personal, professional, and social. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on who the victim is and how they relate to the hazards in their environment. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Victim state of mind - <ul><li>An individual who is agitated or distressed emotionally may increase the victim incident risk. </li></ul><ul><li>A victim who feels safe in a particular environment or situation will act differently than a victim who does not. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Time of occurrence - <ul><li>Certain times of the day are more risky than others. </li></ul><ul><li>Things like available light and number of people around at the time. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Location of occurrence - <ul><li>One of the most important factors to affect victim incident risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Some environments contain more criminal activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Some place the victim out of the immediate reach of assistance. </li></ul><ul><li>Some physically isolate the victim. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Number of victims - <ul><li>Safety in numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the fact that the victim is not with individuals who are in high lifestyle or high incident risk situations. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Drug and alcohol use - <ul><li>Use of mind-altering substances may decrease one’s reaction time and impair one’s judgment. </li></ul><ul><li>Being under the influence dramatically increases victim incident risk. </li></ul>..
  9. 9. <ul><li>Amount of skill, planning, and precaution evidenced by the offender before, during, and after the crime. </li></ul><ul><li>The more skill, planning, and precautionary acts evidenced by an offender, the lower they may perceive their own risk! </li></ul>Modus operandi risk -
  10. 10. Low MO risk - <ul><li>Victims selected who will not be immediately missed. </li></ul><ul><li>Suspect feels he has more control than the victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Low possibility of the offender being noticed. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Low risk situations - <ul><li>Dark locations, times when few people are around, locations far away from where offender lives, offenses where an offender abducts a victim to a remote or secluded location, offenses where a stranger victim is selected by virtue of lifestyle, and availability. (Runaway or Prostitute) </li></ul>
  12. 12. High MO risk - <ul><li>Offenders that use a low amount of skill, planning, and precaution before, during, and after a crime. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: victims that will immediately be missed, places where they will be noticed or identified. </li></ul><ul><li>Allowing the victim to live, or seeing the suspects face, or attacking someone the suspect knows. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Timeline includes - <ul><li>Map of the victim’s last 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Document expected background elements of the route in terms of vehicles, people, activities, for the time leading up to, during, and after the victim was acquired. </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible that the offender was masquerading as one of those expected elements. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Must be determined ! <ul><li>The point at which the offender acquired the victim. </li></ul><ul><li>The location where the attack took place. </li></ul><ul><li>How well the attack location can be seen from surrounding locations. </li></ul><ul><li>Did the offender know the area. </li></ul><ul><li>Did the acquiring of the victim depend on a routine or schedule and who was aware of the schedule. </li></ul><ul><li>Did the route place the victim at a higher risk? </li></ul><ul><li>Did the attack place the offender at higher risk? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Details are Essential <ul><li>Everything is important </li></ul><ul><li>Details of the scene, the victim and the timeline can determine facts about the case that will be paramount to a successful case. </li></ul>