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Sustainability

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Overview of digital curation and sustainability issues

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Sustainability

  1. 1. SUSTAINABILITY:+SOME+ MORALITY+TALES+ Early+Modern+Digital+Agendas+ 29+June+2015
  2. 2. TALE+NO.+1:+THE+WEB+IS+LOST Brian+Herzog,+404+Error+page+for+Chelmsford+Public+Library
  3. 3. 3 Earliest+surviving+web+page.+A+backup+made+by+Paul+Jones+(UNC)+of+a+ demonstration+by+Tim+BernersXLee+for+the+1991+Hypermedia+conference.+ BernersXLee’s+paper+had+been+rejected+for+the+conference.++ http://www.ibiblio.org/pjones/old.page.html+
  4. 4. • Brewster+Kahle+(founder+of+Internet+Archive):+the+ average+life+expectancy+of+a+web+page+is+100+days+ • Jim+Boulton:+Printed+in+1455,+fortyXeight+copies+of+the+ Gutenberg+bible+exist,+yet+not+one+copy+of+a+website+ made+twenty+three+years+ago+survives.+ • Yet+already+the+complexity+of+the+archaeology+of+the+ early+web+starts+to+rival+that+of+printed+incunables+ • How+valuable+would+it+be+to+have+that+first+page,+since+ it+was+always+updated+daily?+ • Is+it+more+significant+that+it+is+impossible+to+ reconstruct+that+early+experience+of+using+the+web? 4
  5. 5. 5 One+of+the+earliest+mentions+of+the+World+Wide+Web,+in+a+Usenet+posting+by+Tim+ Berners+Lee+in+August+1991.+NB+Usenet+archives+were+acquired+by+Google,+so+we+ now+access+this+text+in+Google+Groups:+does+that+affect+our+engagement+with+it?++
  6. 6. 6 Snapshot+of+the+CERN+website+as+it+appeared+in+November+1992+ http://www.w3.org/History/19921103Xhypertext/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html
  7. 7. 7 Reconstruction+of+first+web+page:+info.cern.ch+ Shown+in+a+restoration+of+the+lineXmode+browser,+the+first+readily+available+ web+browser,+launched+in+1992
  8. 8. 8 BernersXLee’s+original+WWW+browser+running+on+a+NeXT+computer+in+1993
  9. 9. 9 How+I+first+saw+the+World+Wide+Web:+Cello+browser,+popular+because+it+ran+on+PCs
  10. 10. • Do+we+need+the+starting+point,+or+is+it+more+ important+to+have+a+sense+of+the+movement?+ • If+so,+what+do+we+throw+away?+PaperXbased+ decision+making+systems+may+not+be+ appropriate+here.+ • Authority?+How+do+we+know+which+is+ authentic?+Does+it+matter?+ • D.+F.+Mackenzie:+‘Form+is+content’,+but+can+we+ ever+recapture+digital+form?+Should+we? 10
  11. 11. TALE+NO.+2:+SHUTDOWN Information+courtesy+of+Simon+Tanner’s+blog,+‘When+the+Data+ Hits+the+Fan’:simonXtanner.blogspot.co.uk
  12. 12. http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/metsXschemadocs.html
  13. 13. http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/profiles/00000024.xml
  14. 14. Government/Shutdown:/the/morals • Problems+can+be+unexpected+ • They+may+not+be+technical+ • The+weakness+may+be+in+our+very+ connectivity
  15. 15. TALE+NO.+3:+WHAT+HAPPENS+WHEN+I’M+NO+ LONGER+HERE?
  16. 16. 21 Robin Alston (1933-2011). Lecturer in philology at the University of New Brunswick (1958–60) and the University of Leeds (1964–76). Founder of the Scolar Press. In 1977 he became a consultant to the British Library and from 1978 to 1989 he was editor-in-chief of the Eighteenth Century Short Title Catalogue, now called the English Short Title Catalogue . He was Professor of Library Studies at the University of London from 1990 to 1998. Among Alston’s many publications were A Bibliography of the English Language !om the Invention of Printing to the Year 1800 (18 vols, 1965–2006).
  17. 17. http://www.rXalston.co.uk,+as+it+appeared+on+7+March+2001,+the+Wayback+Machine
  18. 18. What/Happens/When/I’m/No/Longer/Here?/The/ Morals • A+great+deal+depends+on+continued+ intervention+by+the+individual,+regardless+of+ standards+ • Even+then,+without+strong+institutional+ support,+it’s+difficult+to+ensure+that+resources+ will+continue+to+be+there+if+you+have+moved+on
  19. 19. TALE+N0.+4:+UNDERSTAND+YOUR+BLACK+BOX
  20. 20. Google+NXgram+viewer+shows+an+apparent+rise+in+the+use+of+‘politeness’+and+ ‘courtesy’+from+about+1760.+ However,+this+apparent+shift+may+simply+reflect+the+decline+of+the+long+‘s’+form+ in+printing
  21. 21. Understand+Your+Black+Box:+The+Morals • Understand+what+external+tools+are+doing+ • As+we+become+more+dependent+on+corporate+ services+and+clouds,+there+are+more+risks,+often+ completely+outside+our+control+ • Increasingly,+it+will+be+difficult+to+assume+that+ results+can+be+replicated+by+others+(e.g.+as+ Google+searches+become+more+personalised)
  22. 22. TALE+NO.+5:+TURN+SETBACKS+TO+ADVANTAGE
  23. 23. Screengrabs+from+Electronic+Beowulf+2.0
  24. 24. Electronic+Beowulf+3.0
  25. 25. Turning/Setbacks/to/Advantage:/The/Morals • Importance+of+continued+curation+and+ involvement+by+the+lead+investigator+ • Kiernan’s+editorial+role+has+involved+continued+ revamping+and+improvement+through+3.1+ versions+ • With+intervention+and+collaboration,+ apparently+devastating+problems+can+seem+to+ be+opportunities+ • But+how+do+we+keep+that+going?++
  26. 26. The+Most+Important+Moral+of+All:+Open+Up+ Your+Data
  27. 27. http://www.hrionline.ac.uk/hartlib/
  28. 28. http://emlo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/
  29. 29. • Follow+Golden+Rules:+use+open,+accepted+ standards;+avoid+proprietary+software;+ document;+archive+and+share+ • Migration+is+a+vital+strategy+ • Emulation+another+possible+technique+ • But+many+risks+are+not+technical+and+can+only+ be+addressed+by+accepting+that+digital+ resources+need+continued+and+unceasing+TLC
  30. 30. 50
  31. 31. Useful+Addresses • JISC+Guide+to+Research+Data+Management:+ www.jisc.ac.uk/guides/researchXdataX management+ • Digital+Curation+Centre:+www.dcc.ac.uk+ • Digital+Preservation+Coalition:+ www.dpconline.org+ • University+of+Cambridge+Research+Data+ Management+guide:+www.data.cam.ac.uk+ 51

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