Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Distillati E liquori Lezione AIS Primo Livello Sommelier

27,912 views

Published on

  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Distillati E liquori Lezione AIS Primo Livello Sommelier

  1. 1. Distillati e liquori <ul><li>Somm. Prof. Andrea Gori </li></ul>
  2. 2. Regolamento EU 29.5.89 <ul><li>Regole generali delle bevande spiritose : </li></ul><ul><li>“ per bevanda spiritosa si intende una bevanda alcolica destinata al consumo umano avente caratteristiche organolettiche particolari e un titolo alcolometrico di minimo il 15% in alcol”. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definizioni operative D.P.R. 97 <ul><li>Acqueviti : bevande ottenute dalla fermentazione alcolica di succhi vegetali e dalla successiva concentrazione dell’alcol mediante la distillazione </li></ul><ul><li>Liquori : Si ottengono mediante aromatizzazione di distillati o con aggiunta di altre bevande alimentari o alimenti, con minimo 100g/l zucchero (10%) </li></ul><ul><li>Amari : Si ottengono mediante aromatizzazione di distillati e infusione o macerazione per tempi medio-lunghi di erbe o altre sostanze (fernet, chine, rabarbari, bitter) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Schema preparazione acquavite Affinamento / Invecchiamento /Aromatizzazione Fermentazione Distillazione Preparazione del Succo Vegetale Stabilizzazione Confezionamento
  5. 5. Preparazione Succo Vegetale <ul><li>da Vino (Cognac, Armagnac, Brandy, Aguardiente, Pisco) </li></ul><ul><li>da Vinaccia (Grappa, Marc, Bagaceira) </li></ul><ul><li>da Cereali (Gin, Whisky, Whiskey, Vodka) </li></ul><ul><li>da Canna da Zucchero (Rum, Cachaça) </li></ul><ul><li>da Riso (Choum, Ka Pay, Sura, Arak) </li></ul><ul><li>da Frutta o da Uva (Framboise, Kirsch, Williams, Calvados, Quetshe, Acquavite d'uva) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Principi base distillazione <ul><li>Concentrare l'alcoo etilico </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(dal 5-10% del fermentato al 65-94%) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Selezionare le molecole aromatiche pregiate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sfruttando la proprietà fisica del differente punto di ebollizione delle sostanze volatili </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Rettificazione <ul><ul><li>“ Operazione che permette di separare le sostanze volatili di pregio da quelle meno pregiate “ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teste : sostanze che hanno un punto di ebollizione inferiore a quello dell’alcol etilico (alcol metilico, acetato di etile) </li></ul><ul><li>Cuore : composti che hanno un punto di ebollizione compreso tra 78,4 e 100°C (alcol etilico, esteri) </li></ul><ul><li>Code : costituenti volatili che bollono oltre i 100°C (acidi) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tipologia distillazione <ul><li>Discontinua o “Pot Still” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>La più antica e tradizionale (Cognac, Malt Whisky, Grappa) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Più variabili in gioco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Più “fine” e più artigianale --> mastro distillatore </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Continua: “Patent Still” o “Coffey Still” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Processo industriale (Grain Whisky, Rum, Vodka) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meno controllo sul taglio di teste e code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tempi molto accorciati: 1 sett discontinua = 1 giorno continua </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Schema distillazione discontinua
  10. 10. Alcuni alambicchi artigianali
  11. 11. Alambicco Cognac “charentais”
  12. 12. Alambicchi Whisky
  13. 13. Distillazione continua a colonna
  14. 14. Schema colonna <ul><li>I vapori in moto ascensionale incontrano un piatto </li></ul><ul><li>Attraversano le campanelle e perdono temperatura e in parte si condensano </li></ul><ul><li>Perdita frazioni pesanti e ritorno allo stato gassoso dei vapori condensati </li></ul><ul><li>Prelievo vapori attraverso un tubo inserito nei vari segmenti </li></ul><ul><li>Scarico alla sommità della colonna delle teste e dal fondo delle borlande </li></ul>Teste Code Cuore
  15. 15. Colonna frazionamento in dettaglio
  16. 16. Coffey Still <ul><li>“Onde” di distillazione </li></ul><ul><li>Principio dei piatti </li></ul><ul><li>Max efficienza </li></ul><ul><li>Selezione grossolana </li></ul>
  17. 17. Stabilizzazione <ul><li>Breve sosta acciaio </li></ul><ul><li>Aggiunta H2O distillata insapore </li></ul><ul><li>Refrigerazione </li></ul><ul><li>Filtrazione </li></ul><ul><li>Eventuale zuccheraggio (2% max) </li></ul><ul><li>Immissione in botti da affinamento/invecchiamento </li></ul>
  18. 18. Affinamento Invecchiamento <ul><li>Variabili </li></ul><ul><li>DIMENSIONI DEL LEGNO </li></ul><ul><li>DURATA DEL CONTATTO </li></ul><ul><li>GRADAZIONE ALCOLICA </li></ul><ul><li>IL TIPO DI LEGNO, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ZONA DI PROVENIENZA, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STAGIONATURA, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LAVORAZIONE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PROCESSI DI TOSTATURA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TEMPERATURA DELL’AMBIENTE </li></ul><ul><li>UMIDITÀ DELL’AMBIENTE </li></ul><ul><li>Ambiente esterno </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Venti </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flora </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Aromatizzazione <ul><li>In origine per correzione difetti </li></ul><ul><li>Tre modalità principali: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Per infusione in alcool di prima distillazione e successiva distillazione </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aromatizzazione del mosto da distillare con aromatizzanti direttamente nell'alambicco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Per infusione nel distillato finale </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Stabilizzazione e Confezionamento <ul><li>Riduzione grado alcolico </li></ul><ul><li>Refrigerazione </li></ul><ul><li>Filtrazione </li></ul><ul><li>Zuccheraggio </li></ul><ul><li>Imbottigliamento – arresto evoluzione -- </li></ul><ul><li>Distribuzione </li></ul>
  21. 21. Contenuto di un acquavite <ul><li>Acqua </li></ul><ul><li>Alcoli </li></ul>98% <ul><li>Sostanze aromatiche della materia prima </li></ul><ul><li>Costituenti accumulati durante l’invecchiamento </li></ul><ul><li>Costituenti le acqueviti durante l’aromatizzazione </li></ul><ul><li>Acidi </li></ul><ul><li>Esteri </li></ul><ul><li>Aldeidi </li></ul><ul><li>Chetoni </li></ul><ul><li>Terpeni </li></ul><ul><li>Caramello </li></ul><ul><li>Zucchero </li></ul>2% ca.
  22. 22. <ul><li>Liquori </li></ul><ul><li>Base di partenza: alcol etilico o altro liquido alcolico </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infusione o macerazione di piante o erbe aromatiche </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distillazione di prodotto di macerazione in alcol o acquavite (alcolato) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altri processi: aromatizzazione, chiarificazione, colorazione, aggiunta sciroppo, ecc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Esempi commerciali: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bayleys (whiskey con crema di panna e cacao) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand Marnier (cognac + distillato arance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chartreuse (macerazione erbe officinali in alcol) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sambuca (distillato di anice + fiori sambuco) </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Vodka (XII sec.) <ul><li>Distillato da cereali con dist. continua </li></ul><ul><li>Assoluta “purezza” mediante filtrazioni: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sabbia di quarzo (spesso doppia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbone attivo di betulla </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panno di tessuto a trama fitta </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Russia: alcool di frumento distillato 3 volte e poi filtrato </li></ul><ul><li>Polonia: alcool di segale dist 2 volte e poi invecchiato </li></ul><ul><li>Altri paesi: Finlandia, Svezia, Francia, USA (Smirnov --> Smirnoff), Svizzera </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatizzazioni “storiche” e commerciali </li></ul>
  24. 24. Gin (XVII sec) <ul><li>Alcool da cereali + “botanicals” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ginepro, coriandolo, anice, finocchio, scorza limone, arancia, liquirizia, cardamomo, cumino, mandorle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Metodo Olandese: distillazione alcool da cereali (orzo mais e segale) mescolato a botanicals direttamente nel pot still </li></ul><ul><li>Metodo inglese: alcool neutro aromatizzato con botanicals poi ridistillato </li></ul><ul><li>Brevetto Sapphire </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Rum, Rhum, Ron (1630 ca.) </li></ul><ul><li>Rum agricole da canna o industriale da melassa </li></ul><ul><li>Bianco o Anejo con caramello </li></ul><ul><li>Stile inglese </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In marina britannica fino al 1972 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dist continua, Bacardi Bahamas, Angostura Trinidad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stile francese </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Da canna, Guyana, Martinica AOC: Bally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classificazione tipo Cognac, Rhum Vieux </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stile spagnolo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Havana Club e Cuba, Pampero Venezuela </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soleras: Guatemala Botran e Zacapa in altura 2300 mt </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Degustazione di un distillato <ul><li>VALUTAZIONE VISIVA (trasparenza, tonalità e intensità di colore) </li></ul><ul><li>VALUTAZIONE OLFATTIVA (intensità, finezza, ricchezza, fragranza = assenza di difetti) </li></ul><ul><li>VALUTAZIONE GUSTATIVA (dolcezz o ruvidezza, armonia, tipicità) </li></ul><ul><li>VALUTAZIONE RETROLFATTIVA (finezza, ricchezza, equilibrio, persistenza) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Cognac (1620) <ul><li>Distillato di vino bianco alta acidità poco alcol </li></ul><ul><li>Doppia dist. in alambicco Charentais </li></ul><ul><li>Assemblaggio acqueviti diverse annate e zone </li></ul><ul><li>Matre de chai e stile delle maison </li></ul><ul><li>Botti da 350 lt dal Limousin </li></ul>Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche, Colombard su terreni calcarei
  28. 28. Classificazione Cognac <ul><li>VS o Three Star : blend nel quale il cognac più giovane non ha meno di 2,5 anni ma “media industriale” -->4-5 anni </li></ul><ul><li>VSOP (Very Superior Old Pale), VO (Very Old) e Réserve : indicano cognac invecchiati almeno 4,5 anni -->10 anni </li></ul><ul><li>Napoléon, XO, Extra e Hors d’Age : indicano cognac invecchiati almeno 6,5 anni --> 20 anni e più </li></ul><ul><li>Fine Champagne : blend di 2 tipi di cognac provenienti dalla Petite Champagne e dalla Grande Champagne; la percentuale del secondo non può essere inferiore al 50% </li></ul><ul><li>Grande Champagne : cognac provenienti esclusivamente dalla Grande Champagne </li></ul>
  29. 29. Armagnac (1411) <ul><li>Dalla Guascogna (silicio) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bas Armagnac </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haut Armagnac </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenareze </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alambicco Armagnacais </li></ul><ul><li>Sigle: (anni) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trois Etoiles (2-3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>V.S.O.P., V.O. (>4,5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoléon, X.O., Extra, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hors d’Age (>5,5) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anche singola annata e singolo vigneto </li></ul>
  30. 30. Alambicco Armagnacais
  31. 31. Single Malt Whisky
  32. 32. Distilleria Bowmore (Islay, Scozia) Wash still “Safe” Cassaforte Mash tun Spirit Still Wash
  33. 33. Single Malt Whisky (1494) <ul><li>SPEYSIDE </li></ul><ul><li>Whisky più aristocratici, acqua purissima, </li></ul><ul><li>grande concentrazione di distillerie, </li></ul><ul><li>prodotti eleganti con note di sherry </li></ul><ul><li>HIGHLANDS </li></ul><ul><li>La regione più vasta con stili differenti: </li></ul><ul><li>dolci, salmastri, cremosi, speziati </li></ul><ul><li>LOWLANDS </li></ul><ul><li>Spesso tripla distillazione non impegnativi, </li></ul><ul><li>fruttati e floreali </li></ul><ul><li>ISLAY </li></ul><ul><li>La più piccola (appena 40 km2) </li></ul><ul><li>Isola spazzata da forti venti dell’oceano. </li></ul><ul><li>Piena di torbiere di grande qualità. </li></ul><ul><li>Stile prepotente, contrasti forti tra terra </li></ul><ul><li>(erica e torba) e mare </li></ul>
  34. 34. Blended Whisky <ul><li>Assemblaggio di 10-40 diversi single malt su base di grain whisky </li></ul><ul><li>Uso di Coffey Still per base del blended = grain whisky </li></ul><ul><li>95% del mercato (solo in Italia 85%) </li></ul><ul><li>Marche commerciali: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ballantines, Johnnie Walker, Chivas Regal </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Irish, American, Canadian, Japanese <ul><li>Whiskey: grano avena segale, tripla distillazione </li></ul><ul><li>USA: sweet mash e sour mash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bourbon e Kentucky </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennessee (JD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rye whiskey e corn whiskey </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canadian: mais e orzo, blending prima di invecchiamento </li></ul><ul><li>Giappone: Suntory & co., il regno della torba e dello stile scozzese </li></ul>
  36. 36. Grappa (1451) <ul><li>“ Acquavite di vinaccia ottenuta da materie prime ricavate da uve prodotte e vinificate in Italia, distillate in impianti ubicati sul territorio nazionale (alcol min. 37,5%)” </li></ul><ul><li>Grappa giovane: senza invecchiamento </li></ul><ul><li>Grappa “vecchia” o “invecchiata”: min. 12 mesi di legno </li></ul><ul><li>Grappa “riserva” o “stravecchia”: min. 18 mesi di legno </li></ul><ul><li>Grappa a I.G. (Piemonte, Lombardia, Veneto, Trentino, Alto Adige, Friuli): se ottenuta con vinacce prodotte, vinificate e distillate nelle aree cui fa riferimento l’I.G. (alcol min. 40%) </li></ul><ul><li>Grappa di monovitigno: almeno l’85% della varietà indicata </li></ul><ul><li>Grappa di vino Doc, Docg, Igt: se le materie prime provengono da uve utilizzate per la produzione di detti vini </li></ul>
  37. 37. Particolarità Grappa <ul><li>Distillazione da solido con minimo 25% mosto </li></ul><ul><li>Aromi caratteristici vitigni particolari </li></ul><ul><li>Unicità italiana nome e di gusto </li></ul><ul><li>Possibili aggiunte </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Piante aromatiche </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sostante aromatizzanti naturali e non </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zuccheri e caramello </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Miscelazione grappe diverse </li></ul>
  38. 38. Acquaviti di frutta <ul><li>Varie IG </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Williams Friulano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sliwovitz del Trentino </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aprikot dell'Alto Adige </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aggiunta frutto intero </li></ul><ul><li>Aggiunta di zucchero se insufficiente </li></ul><ul><li>Non inferiore a 40% alcol </li></ul><ul><li>Non permessa l'aromatizzazione </li></ul>
  39. 39. “il” Tequila (1656) <ul><li>Pulque atzeco: pigna di 45 kg “cotta” </li></ul><ul><li>1200 specie di agave </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tequila da agave azul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mezcal da altre specie </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pinas, agua miel, distillazione continua e discontinua: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silver o Bianco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold con caramello </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reposado: 2 mesi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anejo: da 18 mesi --> 4 anni </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Brandy spagnolo (XIX sec) </li></ul><ul><li>I primi a “ricevere” la distillazione da arabi </li></ul><ul><li>Da vino Airen ad alta % alc vol e bassa acidità </li></ul><ul><li>Metodo soleras con barili di sherry o altri vini </li></ul><ul><li>Varie tipologie distillazione </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distillazione continua fino 90° </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distillazione continua fino 52-66° </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distillazione singola in alambicco charantais </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distillazione doppia in alambicco charantais </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classificazione </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jerez Solera 6 mesi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jeres Solera Reserva 12 mesi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jerez Solera Gran Reserva > 24 mesi </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Brandy Italiano </li></ul><ul><li>Dal 1583 Duca di Savoia prima licenza --> cognac “italiano” </li></ul><ul><li>Dal 1956 nasce “Brandy Italiano” </li></ul><ul><li>Distillati di vino da uve con bella acidità e poca tannicità </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trebbiano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soave </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rinascita recente, vd Poli e Antinori </li></ul><ul><li>Minimo 12 mesi invecchiamento </li></ul><ul><li>Quasi tutti distillazione continua </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Calvados (1533) </li></ul><ul><li>AOC in Normandia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>800 varietà di mele, dolce amara acidula dolceamara </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alberi alto fusto in produz dopo 18 anni </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alberi basso fusto in produz dopo 5 anni </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Calvados, Calvados Pays d'Auge e Calvados Domfrontais (anche con sidro di pera) </li></ul><ul><li>Da sidro di mela poi doppia dist. charentais </li></ul><ul><li>Classificazione: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 etoile o 3 mele per inv. 2 anni in botti 2-600 lt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vieux o Reserve 3 anni </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vielle Reserve 4 anni </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>XO Napoleon Hors d'Age > 6 anni </li></ul></ul>

×