HISTORY OF CIGARHISTORY OF CIGAR The first modern observation ofThe first modern observation ofthe cigar occurred with thethe cigar occurred with thearrival of Christopher Columbusarrival of Christopher Columbusin the New World. On Octoberin the New World. On October28, 1492 Columbus noted in his28, 1492 Columbus noted in hislog reports that the natives oflog reports that the natives ofSan Salvador burned andSan Salvador burned andinhaled the leaves of a localinhaled the leaves of a localplant.plant.
HISTORY OF CIGARHISTORY OF CIGAR The Indians in South and CentralThe Indians in South and CentralAmerica did not smoke cigars as weAmerica did not smoke cigars as weknow them today. The nativesknow them today. The nativessmoked tobacco wrapped in maize,smoked tobacco wrapped in maize,palm or other native vegetation.palm or other native vegetation.The Spanish created the cigarThe Spanish created the cigarindustry, and are given credit forindustry, and are given credit forcreating the modern cigar.creating the modern cigar.
HISTORY OF CIGARHISTORY OF CIGAR The Origin of the word cigar comesThe Origin of the word cigar comesfrom the native language of thefrom the native language of theancient Mayans. The Mayans calledancient Mayans. The Mayans calledthe cigar a "Ciq-Sigan" which thethe cigar a "Ciq-Sigan" which theSpanish word "Cigarro" is derivedSpanish word "Cigarro" is derivedfrom. The New English Dictionary offrom. The New English Dictionary of1735 called the cigar a "seegar",1735 called the cigar a "seegar",and was later adapted into theand was later adapted into themodern word "cigar".modern word "cigar".
HISTORY OF CIGARHISTORY OF CIGAR Africa, Brazil, the Canary Islands,Africa, Brazil, the Canary Islands,Connecticut, Cuba, the DominicanConnecticut, Cuba, the DominicanRepublic, Ecuador, Nicaragua, andRepublic, Ecuador, Nicaragua, andSumatra are world renown inSumatra are world renown ingrowing the quality tobacco that isgrowing the quality tobacco that isused in the various components ofused in the various components ofa cigar.a cigar.
VARIETIES OF TOBACCOVARIETIES OF TOBACCO LATAKIA:-LATAKIA:- STRONG AND SPICY,STRONG AND SPICY,GROWN IN CYPRUS AND SYRIA.GROWN IN CYPRUS AND SYRIA. PERIQUE:-PERIQUE:- RED BURLEY GROWN INRED BURLEY GROWN INU.S.A.U.S.A. ORIENTAL:-ORIENTAL:- SOUR, DRY TYPESOUR, DRY TYPEGROWN IN TURKEY, BALKAN ANDGROWN IN TURKEY, BALKAN ANDRUSSIA.RUSSIA. KENTUCKY:-KENTUCKY:- SPECIALLY REATEDSPECIALLY REATEDBURLEY TOBACCO WITH HIGHBURLEY TOBACCO WITH HIGHNICOTINE.NICOTINE.
COMPOSITIONCOMPOSITION1.1. FILLERFILLER- INNER CORE GIVES BODY- INNER CORE GIVES BODYAND SHAPE TO THE CIGAR.AND SHAPE TO THE CIGAR.2.2. BINDERBINDER-- A LEAF WRAPPING THEA LEAF WRAPPING THEFILLER.FILLER.3.3. WRAPPERWRAPPER- RIBBON LIKE LEAF- RIBBON LIKE LEAFROLLED AROUND THE BUNCH.ROLLED AROUND THE BUNCH.FILLER AND BINDER TOGETHERFILLER AND BINDER TOGETHERIS CALLED BUNCHIS CALLED BUNCH
MANUFACTURINGMANUFACTURING Tobacco is planted in lateTobacco is planted in lateSeptember and generallySeptember and generallytakes two months to reachtakes two months to reachmaturity.maturity.
MANUFACTURINGMANUFACTURING Once the tobacco is harvested theOnce the tobacco is harvested theleaves are sent to "tobacco barns"leaves are sent to "tobacco barns"where the tobacco is dried. Leaveswhere the tobacco is dried. Leavesare tied in pairs and hung for theare tied in pairs and hung for thecuring process.. The tobacco iscuring process.. The tobacco iskept in the barn for approximately 2kept in the barn for approximately 2months while the leaves changemonths while the leaves changecolor from green to yellow to brown.color from green to yellow to brown.
MANUFACTURINGMANUFACTURING After the leaves are dried, they areAfter the leaves are dried, they arecarefully laid into large piles forcarefully laid into large piles forfermentation, where they are keptfermentation, where they are keptfor several months. The piles arefor several months. The piles aremoistened and covered in cloth.moistened and covered in cloth.The fermentation reduces naturalThe fermentation reduces naturalresins, ammonia and nicotineresins, ammonia and nicotinepresent in the tobacco leaves.present in the tobacco leaves.
MANUFACTURINGMANUFACTURING The fermented tobacco is taken toThe fermented tobacco is taken towarehouses, stored in large baleswarehouses, stored in large balesand allowed to slowly mature. Theand allowed to slowly mature. Theaging process can last from severalaging process can last from severalmonths to many years depending onmonths to many years depending onthe quality desired.the quality desired.
MANUFACTURINGMANUFACTURING Once the aged tobacco reaches theOnce the aged tobacco reaches thefactory, the leaves are gradedfactory, the leaves are gradedaccording to size, color, andaccording to size, color, andquality. Leaves that are torn orquality. Leaves that are torn orhave holes are set aside and usedhave holes are set aside and usedprimarily as filler. Finally the leavesprimarily as filler. Finally the leavesare de-veined by removing theare de-veined by removing thecenter vein from the leaf.center vein from the leaf.
MANUFACTURINGMANUFACTURING Handmade cigars areHandmade cigars arecomposed of fillercomposed of fillertobacco bunchedtobacco bunchedtogether with a bindertogether with a binderleave and finallyleave and finallycovered with thecovered with thewrapper leaf. The binderwrapper leaf. The binderholds the bunchholds the bunchtogether and is enclosedtogether and is enclosedwith the wrapper leaf inwith the wrapper leaf inan aestheticallyan aestheticallypleasing manner.pleasing manner.
MANUFACTURINGMANUFACTURING Machine made cigars are generallyMachine made cigars are generallyproduced using short filler. Aproduced using short filler. Aprocessed tobacco binder whichprocessed tobacco binder whichresembles brown paper is used asresembles brown paper is used asthe binder, and in most cases athe binder, and in most cases anatural wrapper is used to completenatural wrapper is used to completethe cigar.the cigar.
JUDGING THE CIGARJUDGING THE CIGAR CONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTION CONDITIONCONDITION CAUSALITY (CAUSE AND EFFECT)CAUSALITY (CAUSE AND EFFECT)
JUDGING THE CIGARJUDGING THE CIGAR CONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTION - How well is the- How well is thecigar made? How does it feel to thecigar made? How does it feel to thetouch? With a firm, but soft grip feel it fromtouch? With a firm, but soft grip feel it fromend to end. Does it feel consistent all theend to end. Does it feel consistent all theway through? Are there any hard or softway through? Are there any hard or softspots? A cigar that is too hard, too soft, orspots? A cigar that is too hard, too soft, orinconsistent will not draw properly.inconsistent will not draw properly.
JUDGING THE CIGARJUDGING THE CIGAR CONDITIONCONDITION - Cigars should be well- Cigars should be wellconditioned before smoking. Cigars shouldconditioned before smoking. Cigars shouldbe aged for several months to severalbe aged for several months to severalyears at the proper humidity (70% RH)years at the proper humidity (70% RH)and temperature (70° F). A dry cigar willand temperature (70° F). A dry cigar willburn hot, fast and can taste harsh. A dampburn hot, fast and can taste harsh. A dampcigar will be hard to light and can be hardcigar will be hard to light and can be hardto draw.to draw.
JUDGING THE CIGARJUDGING THE CIGAR CAUSALITY (CAUSE AND EFFECT)CAUSALITY (CAUSE AND EFFECT)- How does the cigar taste? How does the- How does the cigar taste? How does thecigar make you feel? Does the cigar buildcigar make you feel? Does the cigar buildin taste, flavor and complexity as it burns?in taste, flavor and complexity as it burns?Or is it the same all the way through? DoOr is it the same all the way through? Doyou feel relaxed and calm after finishingyou feel relaxed and calm after finishingit?it?
The "Guillotine" orThe "Guillotine" or"Traditional" Cut"Traditional" CutThis cutter takes aThis cutter takes astraight slicestraight sliceacross the cigarsacross the cigarscap line. It is thecap line. It is thebest cut to createbest cut to createan easy, wellan easy, wellcirculated draw;circulated draw;however residuehowever residueand tar from theand tar from theburning tobaccoburning tobaccowill come in directwill come in directcontact with thecontact with thesmokers mouth.smokers mouth.
THE "BULLET" OR "PUNCH"THE "BULLET" OR "PUNCH"CUTCUT A bullet cutterA bullet cutterpierces a smallpierces a smallhole into thehole into thecigars cap.cigars cap.Depending on theDepending on thediameter of thediameter of thecutter, aircutter, aircirculation may becirculation may berestricted and therestricted and thesmokes tar andsmokes tar andresidue canresidue canaccumulateaccumulatearound thearound the
THE "V" CUTTHE "V" CUTThe V cutter createsThe V cutter createsa wedge shapeda wedge shapednotice in the cigarsnotice in the cigarscap. This cut allowscap. This cut allowsproper air circulationproper air circulationto occur. The smokesto occur. The smokestar and residuetar and residueaccumulate on theaccumulate on thesides of the wedgesides of the wedgekeeping the bitterkeeping the bittertaste away from thetaste away from thesmokers mouth. Itsmokers mouth. Itcan be difficult tocan be difficult tokeep a V cutter sharpkeep a V cutter sharpbecause of its uniquebecause of its uniqueshapeshape ..
HOW TO LIGHT THE CIGARHOW TO LIGHT THE CIGAR Tobacco will absorb any aroma orTobacco will absorb any aroma orfragrance that it comes in contactfragrance that it comes in contactwith. Paper and sulfur basedwith. Paper and sulfur basedmatches or the use of a fluid basedmatches or the use of a fluid basedlighter can leave the cigar with anlighter can leave the cigar with anunpleasant taste. The preferredunpleasant taste. The preferredmethod to light a cigar is the use ofmethod to light a cigar is the use ofa butane based lighter. A lit woodena butane based lighter. A lit woodenmatch can be used once it hasmatch can be used once it hasburned off the chemicals used inburned off the chemicals used inthe ignition process.the ignition process.
HOW TO LIGHT THE CIGARHOW TO LIGHT THE CIGAR Once the cigar is cut hold the openOnce the cigar is cut hold the openend of the cigar over your flameend of the cigar over your flameand slowly rotate it. This willand slowly rotate it. This will"Toast" the cigar and prime it for"Toast" the cigar and prime it forlighting. While it is still warm, placelighting. While it is still warm, placethe cigar in your mouth and hold itthe cigar in your mouth and hold itat a 45° angle over the flame.at a 45° angle over the flame.Slowly puff and rotate the cigarSlowly puff and rotate the cigarwhile maintaining slight contact withwhile maintaining slight contact withthe flame. A Good cigar will lightthe flame. A Good cigar will lighteasy and burn evenly.easy and burn evenly.
SIZE AND SHAPESIZE AND SHAPE CORONACORONA – 5 ½ INCHES– 5 ½ INCHES PETIT CORONAPETIT CORONA - 5 INCHES- 5 INCHES TRES PETIT CORONATRES PETIT CORONA – 4½ INCHES– 4½ INCHES LONSDALELONSDALE – 6 ½ INCHES– 6 ½ INCHES IDEALESIDEALES – (TORPEDO SHAPED) 6 ½”– (TORPEDO SHAPED) 6 ½” LONDRESLONDRES-4 ¾ INCHES-4 ¾ INCHES PANATELAPANATELA-5 INCHES OPEN AT BOTH-5 INCHES OPEN AT BOTHENDS.ENDS. A CHEROOT-A CHEROOT- THIN CIGAR OPEN AT BOTHTHIN CIGAR OPEN AT BOTHENDS.ENDS.
RING GAUGERING GAUGE DefinitionDefinition:: The ring gauge of a cigar is aThe ring gauge of a cigar is ameasurement of its diameter expressed inmeasurement of its diameter expressed in64ths of an inch. For example, a cigar with64ths of an inch. For example, a cigar witha ring gauge of 42 means that it is 42/64a ring gauge of 42 means that it is 42/64inches thick.inches thick.
SERVICE OF CIGARSSERVICE OF CIGARS CIGARS SHOULD BE OFFERED INCIGARS SHOULD BE OFFERED INTHERE OWN BOXES.THERE OWN BOXES. GUEST CHOOSE THE CIGARS.GUEST CHOOSE THE CIGARS. STEWARD SHOULD OFFER TOSTEWARD SHOULD OFFER TOREMOVE THE BAND.REMOVE THE BAND. CIGAR IS CUT USING THE CIGARCIGAR IS CUT USING THE CIGARCUTTER.CUTTER. STEWARD SHOULD OFFER TO LIGHTSTEWARD SHOULD OFFER TO LIGHTTHE CIGAR.THE CIGAR.
STORAGE OF CIGARSSTORAGE OF CIGARS CIGAR CAN BE STORED IN CEDARCIGAR CAN BE STORED IN CEDARWOOD BOXES OR IN GLASS CASEWOOD BOXES OR IN GLASS CASEWITH HUMIDIFIER.WITH HUMIDIFIER. IDEAL TEMPRATURE IS 16 – 18IDEAL TEMPRATURE IS 16 – 18˚˚ C .C . RELATIVE HUMIDITY REQUIRED IS 65 –RELATIVE HUMIDITY REQUIRED IS 65 –70 %.70 %.
BRAND NAMES OFBRAND NAMES OFCIGARSCIGARS CUBAN CIGARSCUBAN CIGARS BOLIVARBOLIVAR COHIBACOHIBA H.UPMANNH.UPMANN MONTECRISTOMONTECRISTO PUNCHPUNCH ROMEO Y JULIETAROMEO Y JULIETA TRINIDADTRINIDAD
BRAND NAMES OFBRAND NAMES OFCIGARSCIGARS AMERICAN CIGARSAMERICAN CIGARS ROBERT BURNSROBERT BURNS PANATELAPANATELA CORONACORONA PERFECTOPERFECTO INVINCIBLEINVINCIBLE
CIGARSCIGARSFour cigars of different brandsFrom top: H. Upmann,Montecristo,Macanudo,Romeo y Julieta)