CAMBODIAN MEKONG APPLIED EN401 UNIVERSITY LINGUISTICS CHAPTER 11 11 THE GOALS OF LANGUAGE TEACHINGLecturer Ms. Juanita Team Presentation: Hin Bunmy, But Meankusal
OUTLINE The Different Roles of Second A Language in People’s Lives Language and B Groups of Speakers The Goals of C Language Teaching
THE DIFFERENT ROLES OF SECOND A LANGUAGE IN PEOPLE’S LIVES Bilingualism by choice Second language for religious use Official languages and L2 learning Multilingualism and L2 learning Internationalism and second languages
THE DIFFERENT ROLES OF SECOND A LANGUAGE IN PEOPLE’S LIVES 1 Bilingualism by choiceSome people speak two languages because theirparents decided to bring them up bilingually in the home.This bilingualism is not forced on the parents by societyor by the educational system, but is their free choice.
THE DIFFERENT ROLES OF SECOND A LANGUAGE IN PEOPLE’S LIVES 2 Second language for religious useSome people use a second language because of theirreligion. La tin functioned as a religious language of thecatholic church.
THE DIFFERENT ROLES OF SECOND A LANGUAGE IN PEOPLE’S LIVES 3 Official languages and L2 learningThere are around 32 countries recognize more than onelanguage for official purposes. But the fact that a countryhas several official languages does not mean that anyindividual person speaks more than one; thecommunities may be entirely separate.
THE DIFFERENT ROLES OF SECOND A LANGUAGE IN PEOPLE’S LIVES 4 Multilingualism and L2 learningThe past few decades seem to have acceleratedmovement of people from one country to another, asrefugee, immigrants, and migrants looking for work; thishas created a vast new multilingualism.
THE DIFFERENT ROLES OF SECOND A LANGUAGE IN PEOPLE’S LIVES 5 Internationalism and second languages For many students, the second language has no real role within their own society; English is not leant in China because of its usefulness inside China. Instead, the second language is taught in the educational system because of he benefits it brings from outside.
LANGUAGE AND B GROUPS OF SPEAKERS Groups of language use1. People speaking their native language2. People speaking a second language with a majority community3. People historically from a particular community reacquiring its language as L2
LANGUAGE AND B GROUPS OF SPEAKERS Groups of language use4. People speaking an L2 either as short-term visitors to another country or to short-term visitors to their country5. People using an L2 with spouses, siblings or friends
LANGUAGE AND B GROUPS OF SPEAKERS Groups of language use6. People using an L2 internationally for specific functions7. Students and teachers acquiring or conveying an education through an L28. Pupils and teachers learning or teaching L2 in school
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING1. Central goals of teaching2. International goals of teaching3. Individual goals of language teaching
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING 1 Central goals of teaching Assimilationists language teaching Transitional language teaching Language maintenance and bilingual language teaching
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING1.1 Assimilationist language teachingAssimilationists language teachingTeaching that expects people to give up their nativelanguage and to become speakers of the majoritycentral language of the country.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING1.2 Transitional language teachingTransitional language teachingTeaching that allow people to function in a centrallanguage, without necessarily losing or devaluing thefirst language.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING Language maintenance and1 .3 bilingual language teachingLanguage maintenance and bilingual languageteachingTeaching to maintain or extend the minority locallanguage within its own group.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING 2 International goals of teaching Careers that require a second language Higher education Access to research and information Travel
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING2.1 Careers that require a second languageThere are many careers in which knowledge of otherlanguage is important. An important of languageteaching is indeed to train people for the internationalbusiness world.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING2.2 Higher education Higher education through other language may either be in a country that uses it or sites in particular countries where it is not used. The importance for the student is not the second language itself, but the knowledge and qualifications that are gained through the second language,
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING2.3 Access to research and information School syllabus encourages student to read an understand simple factual text for main idea and supporting details. To keep up to date or to be well informed, it may be necessary to use English to support various careers that are not primarily based on language.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING2.4 Travel The motivation behind many students’ L2 learning is to travel abroad. The goal of travel is included under international goal as it involves contact with other countries.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING 3 Individual goals of language teaching Understanding foreign cultures Understanding language itself Cognitive training General educational values Learning L2 as an academic subject L2 learning as social change
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING3.1 Understanding foreign cultures Syllabus’ aims at instilling a broader perspective and an understanding of different cultures, fostering attitudes of respect for such ideas, and the ability to live with people of different cultures. Regardless of the actual language that is being learnt, it is often held to be beneficial for the students to understand a foreign culture for its own sake.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING3.2 Understanding language itselfAn educated person should know something of howlanguage itself works as part of the human mind and ofsociety.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING3.3 Cognitive trainingThe logical and reasoning powers of the mind wereenhanced through a second language. This is supportedby research which shows that children who speak twolanguages are more flexible at problem solving, and arebetter able to distinguish form from meaning.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING3.4 General educational values Just as sport is held to train children how in a team and to promote leadership qualities, so L2 teaching can inculcate moral values. A general value that is often cited is the insight that L2 learning provides into the L1 and its culture.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING3.5 Learning L2 as an academic subject Language can also be learnt simply as anther subject on the curriculum, another examination to be passed. The very learning of a second language can be an important mark of education, another form of elite bilingualism.
THE GOALS OF C LANGUAGE TEACHING3.6 L2 learning as social changeThe goals seen so far in a sense accept the world as it israther than trying to change it; the student as anindividual is expected to conform to their society. Buteducation and L2 teaching can also be seen as a vehicleof social change.