Michigan Pioneer & History Collections

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Author: Michael E. Unsworth
Michigan State University

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Michigan Pioneer & History Collections

  1. 1. The “Michigan Pioneer and Historical Collections”: A Case Study in Digitization <ul><li>Michael Unsworth Humanities Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>MSU Libraries [email_address] </li></ul>
  2. 2. GENESIS : Library Instruction Session
  3. 3. WHY SHOULD WE CARE <ul><li>&quot;The content of this forty volume history series, though uneven in quality, includes valuable material . Every teacher of Michigan history will testify to its usefulness . Even the less scholarly contributions constitute important evidence of what a generation of pioneers regarded as significant in their history.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Lewis G. Vander Velde, &quot;The Michigan Historical Commission: 1913-1963,&quot; Michigan History Vol. 48, no. 2 (June 1964): 98. </li></ul>
  4. 4. EXAMPLE : <ul><li>J.A. Giradin, “Slavery in Detroit,” Pioneer Collections Vol. 1 (1877): 415: </li></ul><ul><li>“ In ancient times the city of Detroit and vicinity had slaves among its inhabitants. The old citizens generally purchased them from marauding bands of Indians, who had captured the negro slaves in their war depredations on plantations… </li></ul><ul><li>“ Everyone lived in arcadian simplicity and contentment. The negro was satisfied with his position, and rendered valuable service to his master…” </li></ul>
  5. 5. ANOTHER EXAMPLE: <ul><li>F.M. Holloway, “Hillsdale County from 1829 to 1836 Inclusive,” Pioneer Collections Vol. 1 (1877): 180-181: </li></ul><ul><li>“… and Mr. Stevens went with it [the proposed name of Litchfield] to Detroit, and by the free use of liquid, and other arrangements, prevailed on the Legislature to adopt that name.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. WHY DIGITIZE? <ul><li>Scattered runs </li></ul><ul><li>54 repositories: OCLC; 20+ with full runs </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing inconsistencies </li></ul><ul><li>Poor quality paper </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of other materials </li></ul>
  7. 7. WHY DIGITIZE? <ul><li>FROM THE MSUL CIRCULATION DEPT.: </li></ul><ul><li>“ This item is sufficiently overdue that it is not likely to be returned in a timely fashion. (The borrower who has it has been billed for its replacement) You may request this material via interlibrary loan (ILL): </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneer collections : report of the Pioneer Society of the State of Michigan, together with reports of county, town, and district pioneer societies Lansing? Mich. : The Society], 1877-1888 MSU MAIN LIBRARY F561 .M47 v.9 1886 ” </li></ul><ul><li>Also checked out at MSUL: Vols. 1, 10-12; 15-18, 40 & Index for Vols 1-15 </li></ul>
  8. 8. DIGITIZERS <ul><li>American Memory (Library of Congress; digitized for the “ Pioneering the Upper Midwest: Books from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, ca. 1820-1910 ”) </li></ul><ul><li>Google Book Search </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Archive Texts Collection is a &quot;collection is open to the community for the contribution of any type of text,&quot; many were scanned by Microsoft's &quot;Live Search Books&quot; during 2006-2008. </li></ul><ul><li>University of Michigan Digital Library </li></ul>
  9. 9. PUBLICATION HISTORY <ul><li>1876-1886 (Vols. 1- 9): Pioneer Collections. Lansing : Pioneer Society of the State of Michigan & Pioneer and Historical Society of the State of Michigan (PHSSM) . </li></ul><ul><li>1886-1912 (Vols. 10-38): Historical Collections. Lansing : PHSSM & Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society. </li></ul><ul><li>1915-1929 (Vols. 39-40): Michigan Historical Collections . Lansing : Michigan Historical Commission. </li></ul><ul><li>Reprints/2 nd ed. for Vols. 1-21 published 1900-13. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Michigan Historical Collections CAREFULL!!!
  11. 12. VARIANT TITLES <ul><li>Historical Collections And Researches [1 ST ed.] Vol. 37 (1909,1910) </li></ul><ul><li>Collections of the Pioneer Society of the State of Michigan… [2nd ed. or Reprint] Vol. 06 (1907) - Vol. 08 (1907) . </li></ul><ul><li>Collections: Report Of The Pioneer Society Of The State Of Michigan… [2nd ed. or Reprint] Vol. 09 (1908) </li></ul>
  12. 13. CAUTION!!! <ul><li>It never had the title of Michigan Pioneer and Historical Collections , but it’s been commonly used to describe the entire collection. </li></ul>
  13. 14. BIBLIOGRAPHIC TREATMENT FOR 1 st EDITION <ul><li>Successive Entry </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneer collections (1877). Vol. 1- 9 ( 1876-1886) OCLC #8597825 </li></ul><ul><li>Historical collections (Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society : 1888). Vol. 10-38 (1886-1912) OCLC #8069520 </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan Historical Collections . Vol. 39-40 (1915-1929) OCLC #8597926 </li></ul>
  14. 15. Bibliographic Treatment for 1 st Ed. Latest Entry; OCLC #1757295
  15. 16. ANALYSIS
  16. 17. Analysis <ul><li>The set’s numerous titles and issuing bodies complicate any system of bibliographic control. It is inherently messy. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Analysis <ul><li>2. Not all volumes digitized: </li></ul><ul><li>1 st . Ed.: 39 of 40 vol. were done Vol. 9 was not digitized by any project </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd . Ed.: just 13 of 21 vol. were done </li></ul>
  18. 19. Analysis <ul><li>3. Indexing: </li></ul><ul><li>Each volume has its own index </li></ul><ul><li>Society-created cumulative indexes were digitized </li></ul><ul><li>Most indexes created by outside groups have not been digitized </li></ul>
  19. 20. Analysis <ul><li>4. No project treated it as a serial or collection: </li></ul><ul><li>No “one stop” listing </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t search authors or subjects across all volumes, as in: </li></ul><ul><li>ERGO </li></ul>
  20. 21. Analysis <ul><li>5. Digitization has: </li></ul><ul><li>Increased “distribution” of individual volumes </li></ul><ul><li>Provided access to content with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume & cumulated indexes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyword searching only within each volume </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. SOLUTIONS/ COPING MECHANISMS
  22. 23. Digitizer Compilation <ul><li>JSTOR </li></ul>
  23. 24. Contributor Compilation: U. of Toronto
  24. 25. Contributor Compilation: 856 fields in MARC records
  25. 26. Outsider Compilation #1 <ul><li>http://guides.lib.msu.edu/ </li></ul><ul><li>page.phtml?page_id=2159 </li></ul>
  26. 27. Outside Compilation #1
  27. 28. Outside Compilation #3
  28. 29. Selective Indexing
  29. 30. Selective Indexing
  30. 31. Selective Indexing
  31. 32. Selective Indexing
  32. 33. COMPREHENSIVE INDEXING PROJECT Requires $$$$
  33. 34. CONCLUSIONS
  34. 35. <ul><li>1. Three of the mass digitization projects took no or minimum effort to study bibliographic records to insure that all access points were available. Only the Internet Archive provided all author and title permutations. </li></ul>
  35. 36. 2. “ Genus Librarianus ” is still needed, but needs time & resources to stay abreast of developments. Then can s/he react to techno projects and make sense of them using knowledge of the print and online worlds.
  36. 37. END http://libdata.lib.msu.edu/login.phtml

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