Digital Technology in Education


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Presentation for a PhD course in Critical Theorizing in Education. Examines digital divide in schools (and society).

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Digital Technology in Education

  2. 2. internet? “computer” skills
  3. 3. Indeed, the term ICT more accurately refers to an updating of the conventional ‘information technology’ to encompass the rapid convergence of technologies such as computers, telecommunications and broadcasting technologies, as well as stressing the communicative and networking capacity of modern-day information technologies. Thus, the term ICT is best seen as an umbrella term for a range of technological applications such as computer hardware and software, digital broadcast technologies, telecommunications technologies such as mobile phones, as well as electronic information resources such as the world wide web and CDRoms. Thus, it is clear that beneath the umbrella term of ICT we are concerned with a heterogeneous range of technologies, types of information and resources. (Selwyn, 2004, pp. 346-347)
  4. 4. Travers & Decker (1999) Ignore it! Jump on the bandwagon! Be fatalistic (accept inevitability)! Engage it critically!
  5. 5. Weaver & Grindall (1998) Techno-maniacs Techno-phobes  Critical techno-mania
  6. 6. “This is not simply a technological revolution; this is a cultural revolution.” -- Michael Wesch
  7. 7. Inequity
  8. 8. ?
  9. 9. ICT … is rightly seen as having the potential to help individuals, groups, and even nations … Yet, at the same time, infusions of ICT can also amplify existing inequalities. The notion of a digital divide has focused the attention of the public and policy makers on the important intersection between technology and inequality. … By focusing on the diverse range of resources that enable meaningful use of technology, and seeking long-term solutions that strengthen marginalized groups’ agency, we can best make sure that ICT is used to further a process of social reform, equity, and inclusion. (Warschauer, 2008, p. 149-150)
  10. 10. 5 areas of the “divide” in education: School access Home access School use Gender gap Generation gap (Warschauer, 2007)
  11. 11. 3 themes related to technology use in schools: Workability Complexity Performativity (Warschauer, 2007)
  12. 12. It is neither … and it is both…
  13. 13. What is needed? A “critical techno-mania”*. •Weaver & Grindall (1998)
  14. 14. Image Credits Slide # Source 3: iPod, camera, computer, Wii M. Nantais, 3: DVD player 81/ (Creative Commons license) 3: Interactive Whiteboard (Creative Commons license) 5: iPod screen M. Nantais 6: computer lab (Boissevain School) M. Nantais 7: computer, cable Microsoft ClipArt 8: students in lecture hall (Creative Commons license) 9 & 10: computer M. Nantais 11: computer M. Nantais 12: kids & computers 45/ (Creative Commons license) 13: iPod screen M. Nantais 14: Access quote poster (Creative Commons license) 1 & 17: McLuhan quote poster /pool-858082@N25 (Creative Commons license)
  15. 15. References Burgeja, M. (2007). The cost of accommodating classroom technology. Teachers College Record. ID Number: 14858. Retrieved on October 4, 2009 from Ching, C. C., Basham, J. D., and Jang, E. (2005). The legacy of the digital divide: Gender, socioeconomic status, and early exposure as predictors of full-spectrum technology use among young adults. Urban Education, 40(4):394–411. Cookson, P. (2009). What would Socrates say?. Educational Leadership. 67(1): 8-14. Jung, J.-Y., Linchuan Qiu, J., and Kim, Y.-C. (2001). Internet connectedness and inequality: Beyond the ”divide”. Communication Research. 28(4):507–535. Larson, N., Servage, L. and Parsons, J. ( 2007 ). The Google-ization of knowledge. Retrieved from the ERIC database. (ED495676) Rodino-Colocino, M. (2006). Laboring under the digital divide. New Media Society. 8(3):487–511. Selwyn, N. (2004). Reconsidering political and popular understandings of the digital divide. New Media Society. 6(3):341–362. Shelley, M., Thrane, L., Shulman, S., Lang, E., Beisser, S., Larson, T., and Mutiti, J. (2004). Digital citizenship: Parameters of the digital divide. Social Science Computer Review.22(2):256–269.
  16. 16. References (continued) Sutton, L. (2005). Blocked: Experiences of high school students conducting term paper research using filtered internet access. Teachers College Record. ID Number:12248. Retrieved on October 4, 2009 from Travers, A. and Decker, E. (1999). New technology and critical pedagogy. Radical Pedagogy. 1(2). Retrieved on November 11, 2009 from: Warschauer, M. (2008). Whither the digital divide? In D. L. Kleinman, K. A. Cloud-Hansen, C. Matta, and J. Handesman (Eds.) Controversies in Science & Technology: From climate to chromosomes. (pp 140-151). New Rochelle, NY: Liebert. Warschauer, M. (2007). A teacher’s place in the digital divide. Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education Annual Yearbook 106(2), 147-166. Warschauer, M., Knobel, M., and Stone, L. (2004). Technology and equity in schooling: Deconstructing the digital divide. Educational Policy. 18(4):562–588. Weaver, J. and Grindall, K. (1998). Surfing and getting wired in a fifth grade classroom: critical pedagogical methods and techno-culture. In Kincheloe, J. and Steinberg S. (Eds.) Unauthorized Methods: Strategies for Critical Teaching. (pp 231-251) New York: Routledge.