Irregular verbs      infinitive               simple past           past participlebe                 was/were            ...
cost        cost              costcreep       crept             creptcut         cut               cutdeal        dealt   ...
grow     grew     grownhang     hung     hunghave     had      hadhear     heard    heardhide     hid      hiddenhit      ...
ring     rang      rungrise     rose      risenrun      ran       runsay      said      saidsee      saw       seenseek   ...
speed*    sped           spedspend     spent          spentspin      spun           spunspit      spat, spit     spat, spi...
thrust          thrust                          thrust                tread           trod                            trod...
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Regullar verbs

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Regullar verbs

  1. 1. Irregular verbs infinitive simple past past participlebe was/were beenbear bore borne/born (AE)beat beat beatenbecome became becomebegin began begunbend bent bentbet* bet betbid bid, bade bid, biddenbind bound boundbite bit bittenbleed bled bledblow blew blownbreak broke brokenbreed bred bredbring brought broughtbroadcast broadcast broadcastbuild built builtburst* burst burstbust* bust bustbuy bought boughtcast cast castcatch caught caughtchoose chose chosencling clung clungcome came come
  2. 2. cost cost costcreep crept creptcut cut cutdeal dealt dealtdig dug dugdive dived/dove(AE) diveddo did donedraw drew drawndrink drank drunkdrive drove driveneat ate eatenfall fell fallenfeed fed fedfeel felt feltfight fought foughtfind found foundflee fled fledfling flung flungfly flew flownforbid forbade, forbad forbiddenforecast* forecast forecastforget forgot forgottenforsake forsook forsakenfreeze froze frozenget got got, gotten (AE)give gave givengrind ground groundgo went gone
  3. 3. grow grew grownhang hung hunghave had hadhear heard heardhide hid hiddenhit hit hithold held heldhurt hurt hurtkeep kept keptknow knew knownlay laid laidlead led ledleave left leftlend lent lentlet let letlie lay lainlight* lit litlose lost lostmake made mademean meant meantmeet met metpay paid paidprove* proved provenput put putquit* quit quitread read readrid rid ridride rode ridden
  4. 4. ring rang rungrise rose risenrun ran runsay said saidsee saw seenseek sought soughtsell sold soldsend sent sentset set setsew* sewed sewnshake shook shakenshear* sheared shornshed shed shedshine shone shoneshoot shot shotshow* showed shownshut shut shutsing sang sungsink sank sunksit sat satslay slew slainsleep slept sleptslide slid slidsling slung slungslink slunk slunkslit slit slitsow sowed sownspeak spoke spoken
  5. 5. speed* sped spedspend spent spentspin spun spunspit spat, spit spat, spitsplit split splitspread spread spreadspring sprang sprungstand stood stoodsteal stole stolenstick stuck stucksting stung stungstink stank, stunk stunkstride strode striddenstrike struck struckstring strung strungstrive strove strivenswear swore swornsweep swept sweptswell* swelled swollenswim swam swumswing swung swungtake took takenteach taught taughttear tore torntell told toldthink thought thoughtthrive* throve thrivedthrow threw thrown
  6. 6. thrust thrust thrust tread trod trodden, trod understand understood understood wake* woke woken wear wore worn weave wove woven weep wept wept wet* wet wet win won won wind wound wound wring wrung wrung write wrote written* regular form (+ -ed) also possible.The trend, in English, and especially in American English, is to standardize the irregularverbs. We do not foresee all the irregular verbs ever being standardized, but some of themore minor variations in less commonly used words will probably disappear in the nextgenration or two.The following English irregular verbs are now obsolete and use the standard past andparticiple forms (-ed).

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