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Small finds processing. The pottery.


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The main goal of the project is to acquaint students with the basic methods of archaeological records of Roman pottery. During the course participants will work with authentic Roman shards and will learn: the analytical techniques; how to render a pottery material into a systematic classification; how to make a technical drawing; how to use the graphic software and prepare materials for publication; how to interpret the archaeological data

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Small finds processing. The pottery.

  1. 1. • samia vasa (Latin) - Pliny the Elder’s Historia Naturalis (XXXV 12 (46), 160) provides us with evidence of the wars which were considered fashionable around the middle of the first century A.D. • verb samiare (Latin) – “to polish” • The wares made in the Gaulish factories are often referred to by English-speaking archaeologists as samian ware. SAMIA VASA
  2. 2. • terra sigillata – astringent clay from Lemnos or Samos, formerly used as a medicine. • sigillum - embossed figure, relief. • terra sigillata – clay bearing little images. TERRA SIGILLATA
  3. 3. Eastern Sigillata A Arratine Southern Gaulish Eastern Sigillata B (early period) Eastern Sigillata B (late period) Eastern Sigillata C (Çandarli ) African Red Slip Ware – ARS A
  4. 4. Eastern Sigillata EASTERN SIGILLATA - late hellenistic to early Roman red-slipped tableware
  5. 5. Eastern Sigillata A (ESA) – Northern Syria, Antioch, Samaria. Eastern Sigillata B (ESB) - western Asia Minor (near Tralles) Eastern Sigillata C (ESC) - Pergamon , Çandarli Eastern Sigillata A (ESA) – about 150 BC – 100 AD. Eastern Sigillata B (ESB) – 10 BC – 150 AD Eastern Sigillata C (ESC) – 150 BC – 100 AD First production of Red Gloss ware
  6. 6. Main production centers in Italy Arezzo Terra Sigillata Arretina
  7. 7. Plain Terra Sigillata Italica
  8. 8. Relief Terra Sigillata Italica A decorated Arretine vase found at Neuss, Germany Source: Wikipedia
  9. 9. Relief Terra Sigillata Italica is made in moulds Mould for an Arretine , manufactured in the workshop of P. Cornelius Source: Wikipedia
  10. 10. The Arretine potters regularly stamped their names on their products in self- advertisement – a practice previously only sporadically employed.
  11. 11. These are usually quadrangular in form, though other shapes are found, and are impressed in the midst of the design on the ornamented vases, or on plain wares on the bottom of the interior.
  12. 12. The number of potters’ names is very large
  13. 13. South Gaulish, late 1st century AD Source: Wikipedia
  14. 14. Main Production centers in Gaul South Gaulish Central Gaulish East Gaulish
  15. 15. The main production center in Sout Gaulia is studied in La Graufesenque (nr Millau, Aveyron/FR) La Graufesenque
  16. 16. New varieties of relief ware
  17. 17. Appliqué decoration
  18. 18. Marbled decoration (Gloss which imitate marble)
  19. 19. EARLY ROMAN THIN-WALLED WARES • Extreme thinness of the walls • Produced in Italy starting from the late Republican period. • Widely exported into the first century AD.
  20. 20. “Roweling” decoration
  21. 21. Decorations à la barbotine
  22. 22. Pine cone flakes decoration
  23. 23. Sandblasting
  24. 24. Bladk slipp
  25. 25. "Human face" vessels
  26. 26. AFRICAN RED SLIP WARE (ARS) Produced in North African Regions
  27. 27. Sigillata Africana A – ARS A 80s of the 1st c. AD - first quarter of the 3rd c. AD Sigillata Africana A/D- ARS A/D Antonine-Severan age Sigillata Africana C – ARS C 3rd -5th c. AD Sigillata Africana D- ARS D 4th-7th c. AD
  28. 28. Province of Moesia MOESIA SUPERIOR Upper Moesia (Serbia, Bulgaria) MOESIA INFFERIOR Lower Moesia (Bulgaria)
  29. 29. Imitation of Relief Terra Sigillata
  30. 30. Imitations covered with black slip
  31. 31. Imitation of terra sigillata plates
  32. 32. Imitation of terra sigillata with decoration “à la barbotine”
  33. 33. Imitations of Thin walled pottery
  34. 34. Imitation of potters’ stamps
  35. 35. • No potters’ names. • Mainly imitations of "planta pedis". • Decorative functions.
  36. 36. Imitations of terra sigillata with Appliqué decoration
  37. 37. "Sandy" wares made in different colors
  38. 38. Lead-glazed Ware Jug with spots of glaze. In the process of production the jug is been in touch with glazed wares.
  39. 39. Lead-glazed jug with zoomorphic form
  40. 40. Coarse ware
  41. 41. POCULA - Cups
  44. 44. OLLAE - Jars
  45. 45. URCEUS, URCEOLUS - Pitchers
  46. 46. OPERCULUM, OPERCULA - Lids
  47. 47. Hans Dragendorff. Terra sigillata. Ein Beitrag zur Gescl1icl1te der griechiscl1en und romiscl1en Keramik. Bonn, 1890.
  48. 48. Conspectus Formarum Terrae Sigillatae Italico Modo Confectae Materialien zur römisch-germanischen Keramik 10. Frankfurt am Main, 1990.
  49. 49. Sigfried Loeschke. Sigillata-Töpferein in Tschandarli. Athenische Mitteilungen 37, 1912.
  50. 50. John Hayes. Late Roman Pottery. Rome, 1972
  51. 51. Stratigraphic position (in years) Quantity according to stratigraphic layers Main types in different periods
  52. 52. Carefully revealing pottery shards. Documenting the context.
  53. 53. Documenting the context. 1 2 3 4
  54. 54. Cleaning and sorting pottery.
  55. 55. Cleaning and sorting pottery.
  56. 56. Marking and describing the shards.
  57. 57. Marking and describing the shards.
  58. 58. Technical drawing. Scientific illustration.
  59. 59. June 17– June 30 2017 Vidin BULGARIA