Come and see By Bugs Tan Ti-Ratana Taman Eng Klang 2 nd Dec 2011
What is good for me? <ul><li>What is the purpose of life? </li></ul><ul><li>Where did I come from? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do I go after death? </li></ul><ul><li>Why I cannot finish paying my housing loan? </li></ul><ul><li>Why my neighbor stole my mangos? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the weapon of mass destruction? </li></ul><ul><li>Why I get hungry when I don’t eat? </li></ul><ul><li>Why never kena lottery? </li></ul><ul><li>Is Christian good for me? </li></ul><ul><li>It’s nice to marry 4 wives! </li></ul><ul><li>I wished for a 3 months holiday in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Why do people fall sick and died? </li></ul><ul><li>Why study Math and Science in BM? </li></ul><ul><li>Money not enough. Why huh? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Chong Wei lost to Lin Dan? </li></ul>5 W ives and 1 H usband Confused man…#*&^!@?
Religion of the world <ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul>
Religion of the world <ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Taoism </li></ul>
Religion of the world <ul><li>Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul>
Hinduism <ul><li>Sanātana Dharma – the eternal law </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism grants a great degree of freedom of belief and worship. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder </li></ul><ul><li>Oldest living religion in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Major scriptures include Upanishads, Puranas, Mahabharata and Ramayana. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bhagavad Gita is of special importance – philosophy into its discussion of good conduct and life </li></ul>Ramayana
Hinduism <ul><li>Most Hindus believe that the spirit or soul — the true "self" of every person, called the atman — is eternal </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of life is to realize that one's ātman is identical to Brahman, the supreme soul </li></ul>
Hinduism <ul><li>Concept of God </li></ul><ul><li>Devas and avatars </li></ul><ul><li>Karma and samsara </li></ul><ul><li>Yoga </li></ul>Human purpose :- Dharma ("righteousness) Artha ("livelihood, wealth") Karma ("sensual pleasure") Moksa ("liberation, freedom”) Lord Ganesha Lord Lakshmi Lord Krishna
Hindu Gods Garuda Maya Sita Buddha Annapuma Bhuvaneshwari
Jainism <ul><li>Any soul that has conquered its own inner enemies and achieved the state of supreme being is called a jina ("conqueror" or "victor") </li></ul> is an Indian religion that prescribes a path of non – violence towards all living being. Its philosophy and practice emphasize the necessity of self-effort to move the soul towards divine consciousness and liberati on
Jainism <ul><li>The downstairs area houses an array of deities and saints, including an image of Ganesh that recalls historical links between Jainism and Hinduism. – www.buddhistbugs.blogspot.com </li></ul>The triple gems of Jainism - right vision or view, right knowledge and right conduct - provide the path for attaining liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth .
Hare Krishna <ul><li>Hare Krishna Hare Krishna </li></ul><ul><li>Krishna Krishna Hare Hare </li></ul><ul><li>Hare Rama Hare Rama </li></ul><ul><li>Rama Rama Hare Hare </li></ul>one's original consciousness and goal of life is pure love of God (Krishna) In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Hare Krishnas became confused with the hippie subculture.
Sikhism The revelation was imparted to Guru Nanak. Around the year 1,500 he mysteriously disappeared while bathing in a river. On reappearing three days later he said: "since there is neither Hindu nor Muslim, whose path shall I follow? I'll follow God's path. God is neither Hindu nor Muslim, and the path I follow is God's." His authority for those assertions, he went on to explain, derived from the fact in his three day absence he had been taken to God' court, where he was given a cup of nectar (amirt, from which Amritsar, Sikhsim's holy's city is named). Guru Nanak
Confucianism If there is one name with which Chinese culture has been associated it is Confucius -Kung Fu-tzu or Kung the Master.
Taoism Loa Tzu translates as “ The old boy, ” so these titles were probably all honorific Many scholars doubt that the man even really existed Lao Tzu was born around 604 BC He is said to have become upset at man ’ s refusal to cultívate goodness in reaction, he packed his bags, and set off for the border on a water buffalo stopped by a guard at the Hankas Pass and asked to leave a record of his beliefs in three days, he emerged with the Tao Te Ching (The Way and its Power)
Judaism God gave the 10 commandments to the people through Moses on Mount Sinai. They are; 1. I'm the Lord your God 2. You shall not make for yourself an idol 3. Do not take the name of the Lord in vain 4. Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy 5. Honour your father and mother 6. You shall not kill 7. You shall not commit adultery 8. You shall not steal 9. You shall not bear false witness against yr neighbor 10. You shall not convert your neighbor's wife It is said that 1 in every 3 people in the west has a Jew's name. The Jew's influence is far and wide. It lasted a long long time and the commandments too was brought down from generation to generation till today.
Christianity Christ = Messiah Jesus Christ the son of GOD "For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. John 3:16 According to the World Christian Encyclopedia (year 2000 version), global Christianity had 33,820 denominations with 3,445,000 congregations/churches composed of 1,888 million affiliated Christians. Christianity is one religion. Catholicism, Protestant, Methodist etc. are just branches of christianity.
Islam Muhammadnism….? Sunnah– the practice of Muhammad Muslim are basically divided in two major factions, Sunnis and Shias (shia-t-Ali) Al Quran – the words of GOD Hadith – Islamic laws Shariah – Moral code of Islam <ul><li>All Muslims must observe these 5 pillars before they die: </li></ul><ul><li>To believe that God is One, and that Prophet Muhammad was a prophet of God. </li></ul><ul><li>2. To fast from sunrise to sunset in the month of Ramadan. </li></ul><ul><li>3. To offer solat, formal prayer, five times per day. </li></ul><ul><li>4. To perform the hajj, a pilgrimage to Mecca, once in the lifetime, if the person can afford it and is in good health. </li></ul><ul><li>5. To pay zakat, an annual tax, if one has enough money and property saved. </li></ul>
Bahainism The Bahai Faith is is a monotheistic religion by Bahaullah in the19th century Persia emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind. There are an estimated 6m Bahai around the world in more that 200 countries 3 core principle establish a basis for Bahai teaching and doctrine:- the unity of God, the unity of religion and the unity of humankind
Buddhist Mahayana <ul><li>Mahayana tradition </li></ul><ul><li>1 Human aspiration are supported by divine powers and the grace they bestow </li></ul><ul><li>2 Key virtue is compassion </li></ul><ul><li>3 Religious practice is relevant to life in this world and thereafter for laypeople </li></ul><ul><li>4 Ideal is centered on the Bodhisattava </li></ul><ul><li>5 Buddha is a savior </li></ul><ul><li>6 Elaborates metaphysics </li></ul><ul><li>7 Put emphasis on ritual </li></ul><ul><li>8 Practice includes petitioner prayers </li></ul>
Buddhist Varjarana Vajrayana ritual and devotion employs mantras (esoteric verbal formulas), mandalas (diagrams and paintings used in visualization practices), and a complex array of other rituals. Great emphasis is placed on the role of the guru in the Vajrayana; these are religious teachers who have mastered the philosophical and ritual tradition. The Tibet translation of guru is "lama," and the various Tibetan schools of the Vajrayana trace long lineages of gurus who serve both as religious and political leaders (the Dalai Lama is the most well known of Tibets Lamas).
Buddhist Theravada <ul><li>Hinayana (Theravada) tradition </li></ul><ul><li>1 Human being are emancipated by self-effort without supernatural aid </li></ul><ul><li>2 Key virtue is Wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>3 Attainment require constant commitment and is primarily for monks and nuns </li></ul><ul><li>4 Ideal is centered on an Arathan remains in Nirvarna after death </li></ul>5 Buddha is a saint, the supreme teacher and inspirer 6 Does not emphasize so much on metaphysics 7 Does not emphasize on rituals 8 Main practice is centered on meditation
Kalama Sutta <ul><li>The Buddha’s chatter of free inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Ehi passiko (come and see) </li></ul><ul><li>Welcoming careful examination at all stage of path to enlightenment </li></ul>
Ehi passiko is one of the qualities of the Dhamma. The Dhamma, unlike the teachings of other religions, does not require blind faith. The Dhamma invites one to come and investigate to see and experience for oneself. It does not fear examination or critical analysis . <ul><li>Ehi passiko is certainly not a strategy for the dissemination of the Dhamma. The Buddha did not just sit under a tree wishing that those who will be impressed with his aura would approach and ask him questions. </li></ul>On the contrary, the Buddha actively walked the Ganges valley teaching and benefiting people from all walks of life. This is again reflected in his admonition to the first 60 arahants when he asked them to "go forth and teach the Dhamma for the welfare of the world
In this sutta, Gautama Buddha passes through the village of Kesaputta and is greeted by the people who live there: the Kalamas . The Kalamas greet the Buddha and ask for advice. According to the Kalamas, many wandering holy men and ascetics pass through the village, expounding their teachings and criticizing others'. The Kalamas ask the Buddha whose teachings they should follow. In response, he delivered a sutta that serves as an entry-point to Buddhist tenets for those unconvinced by revelatory experiences.
Discerning Religious Teachings <ul><li>The Buddha instructs the Kalama People on which basis one should decide which religious teaching to accept as true. The Buddha tells the Kalamas to not just believe religious teachings because they are claimed to be true by various sources or through the application of various methods and techniques. </li></ul>He urges that direct knowledge from one's own experience should be called upon. He counsels that the words of the wise should be heeded and taken into account when deciding upon the value of a teaching. This is not a dogmatic acceptance but rather a constantly questioning and testing acceptance of those teachings which can be proven to reduce suffering.
Kalamas, when you yourselves know: "These things are good; these things are not blamable; these things are praised by the wise; undertaken and observed, these things lead to benefit and happiness," enter on and abide in them.' <ul><li>Do not go upon what has been acquired by repeated hearing , </li></ul><ul><li>nor upon tradition , </li></ul><ul><li>nor upon rumor , </li></ul><ul><li>nor upon what is in a scripture , </li></ul><ul><li>nor upon surmise , </li></ul><ul><li>nor upon an axiom , </li></ul><ul><li>nor upon specious reasoning , </li></ul><ul><li>nor upon a bias towards a notion that has been pondered over , </li></ul><ul><li>nor upon another's seeming ability , </li></ul><ul><li>nor upon the consideration, " The monk is our teacher ." </li></ul>
<ul><li>Thus, the Buddha provides ten specific sources which should not be used to accept a specific teaching as true, without further verification: </li></ul><ul><li>Oral history </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>New sources </li></ul><ul><li>Scriptures or other official texts </li></ul><ul><li>Logical reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Common sense </li></ul><ul><li>One’s own opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Authorities or experts </li></ul><ul><li>One’s own teacher </li></ul>
<ul><li>Instead, he says, only when one personally knows that a certain teaching is skilful, blameless, praise worthy and conducive to happiness, and that it is praised by the wise, should one then accept it as true and practice it. </li></ul>
5 Khanda <ul><li>Examination and analysis of things internally;- </li></ul><ul><li>The eyes for visible objects, </li></ul><ul><li>The ears and sound, </li></ul><ul><li>The nose and smells </li></ul><ul><li>The tongue and tastes, the body and tactile impressions, </li></ul><ul><li>The mind and ideas. </li></ul>… . Rejecting the bad and adopting the good way
Buddhist Faith <ul><li>Saddha : trustful confidence based on knowledge. </li></ul>Buddhism has no place for blind faith
Let’s Sing together Ehipassiko come and see you’ll know The Teaching of Peace the Teaching of Love The Teachings of the Buddha is for all Who want to be free forever more But don’t just believe Investigate Do not simply accept what you hear or see Not even if it is uttered by ME So don’t just agree you’ve got to verify When you know that it’s good And it’s praised by the wise Then live up to it the rest of your life
Go and see www.buddhistbugs.blogspot Thank you and now you……