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Referencing with Microsoft Word

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Referencing with Microsoft Word

  1. 1. Mini session: Research Methods Joseph Budu Using Microsoft Word for Email: jbudu@st.ug.edu.gh Referencing…Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 1
  2. 2. Referencing types Chapter 6; pg. 323 – 327 • Fisher, C. (2010) Researching and Writing a Dissertation, An Essential Guide For Business Students, Pearson Education Limited, Essex.Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 2
  3. 3. NB: Note-taking • Copying and pasting • Write as you read • Cite as you write • Differentiate ideas with font coloursResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 3
  4. 4. Why reference? • Support & compare argument(s) • Provide evidence • Show a trend • Avoid revocation • Avoid thievingResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 4
  5. 5. Where the styles reside • C:Program FilesMicrosoft OfficeOffice12 BibliographyStyleResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 5
  6. 6. Types of Publications • Book • Book section • Journal papers/articles • Article in a periodical • Conference proceedings • Report • Website or document from websiteResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 6
  7. 7. Choosing Reference Style… #~# select preferred style from list NB: could be changed *Harvard (AGPS) style availabilityResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 7
  8. 8. Inserting a citation•select an existing citation OR•add a new sourceResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 8
  9. 9. Adding a Reference sourceResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 9
  10. 10. Referencing in the text – Type 1 • If author is not mentioned in the text, add to year of publication in parentheses • E.g. ‘It seems that transaction benefits lead to incremental and transformational effects on micro-trading activities (Boateng, 2011). • Same author, different works e.g. (Boateng et. al, 2012)Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 10
  11. 11. Referencing in the text – Type 2 • Including author’s name in sentence; • E.g. ‘many have argued that Boateng (2011) does not cover the benefits other mobile phone users gain from its use. • In case author’s initials appear…remedy! Zikmund W G. (2003) Business Research Methods, 7th edition, Thomson/South-Western.Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 11
  12. 12. Type 2 Referencing #~# tweak citation using the options arrowResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 12
  13. 13. Multiple authors • 2 authors part of the sentence; e.g. Banker & Kauffman (2004) • 2 authors NOT part of the sentence; e.g. (Banker & Kauffman, 2004) • > 2 authors, not part of the sentence e.g. (Afonso, Schuknecht & Tanzi, 2004) • (Afonso et.al, 2004) Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 13
  14. 14. Same author & year, multiple works • E.g. Boateng (2011a, 2011b) • Corporate authors • Adding page numbers to year of publicationResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 14
  15. 15. Using numbered citationResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 15
  16. 16. Citing web informationResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 16
  17. 17. Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 17
  18. 18. Web InfoResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 18
  19. 19. Finally… inserting “Bibliography” Bibliography list Reference listResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 19
  20. 20. Managing Sources• Managing sources – Deleting uncited sources – Copying, and adding sources to new workResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 20
  21. 21. Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 21
  22. 22. Other Tweaks • Converting reference list to static text – Perhaps for editingResearch Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com 22

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