Last year, an anxious, depressed 17-year-old boy was admitted to the psychiatric unitat the Royal Childrens Hospital in Melbourne. He was refusing to drink water.Worried about drought related to climate change, the young man was convinced thatif he drank, millions of people would die. The Australian doctors wrote the case up asthe first known instance of "climate change delusion."Robert Salo, the psychiatrist whoruns the inpatient unit where theboy was treated, has now seenseveral more patients withpsychosis or anxiety disordersfocused on climate change, aswell as children who are havingnightmares about global-warming-related naturaldisasters.
Responses include providing psychological interventions in the wake of acuteimpacts and reducing the vulnerabilities contributing to their severity;promoting emotional resiliency and empowerment in the context of indirectimpacts and acting at systems and policy levels to address broadpsychosocial impacts.Climate WeatherModerators IMPACTSDirect & AcuteImpacts•Extreme Weather•Heat, Drought, Floods•Landscape Changes•Mental Health Issues•Psychological TraumaPsychosocial Impacts•Chronic Disaster Adjustment•Intergroup Conflict•Displacement & Migration•Reaction to Impact Operations•Decreased Access to Society•Heat Impact ViolenceIndirect Impacts•Anxiety & Worry•Depressions•Unconscious Dilemmas•Numbness & Apathy•Grief & Mooring
Extreme weather events and environmental stressors associated withglobal climate change are likely to have immediate effects on theprevalence and severity of mental health issues in affectedcommunities, signiﬁcant implications for mental health services.For example, impacts of natural disasters includeAcute and posttraumatic stress disorderSomatic disordersMajor depressionDrug and alcohol abuseHigher rates of suicideElevated risk of child abuseHomicideMortality
Rates of severe mental illness - including depression, PTSD, anxiety disorder,panic disorder, and a variety of phobias - doubled, from 6.1 percent to 11.3percent, among those who lived in affected regions, a 2006 study by theHurricane Katrina Community Advisory Group said.Rates of mild-to-moderate mental illness also doubled, from 9.7 percent to19.9 percent."Climate change could have a real impact on our psyches," says Paul Epstein, the associatedirector for the Center for Health and the Global Environment at Harvard Medical School.Over this century -The average global temperature is expected to rise between 1 degrees and 6 degrees CelsiusGlaciers will melt,Seas will rise,Extremes in precipitation will occur, according to scientists predictions. There is evidence thatextreme weather events, such as droughts, floods, cyclones, and hurricanes, can lead toemotional distress, which can trigger such things as depression or post-traumatic stressdisorder, in which the bodys fear and arousal system kicks into overdrive.
Seasonal variation of mood, characterized by onset of depression in winter/autumn and itsremission or appearance of mania or hypomania in spring is a well-known entity described inthe Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM IV) as seasonal affective disorder (SAD).The etiology of cyclical changes of mood is believed to be the fluctuation in daylight hoursthroughout the year. This is supported by the use of light therapy in the treatment of theseconditions.The prevalence of this disorder varies with these circuits. This would result in their becomingless responsive to sudden variations in the discharge of serotoninergic neurons. In a person whois vulnerable, climate contributes to this biological risk by modifying the responsiveness of thecircuits that control mood and behaviour, and also the frequency and intensity of socialinteractions.A total of 71 227 male suicides and 26 466 female suicides occurring in Italy from 1974 to 2003were investigated and a significant peak was found in spring. Of different climatic variables,temperature was found to be positively correlated with suicide rates. Some researchers havesuggested that deviations of monthly mean temperatures from the expected mean temperaturefor that time of the year, might be much more important for suicidal death.Mood with Climate
Extrapolating from such preliminary findings, it is likely that global climatic changes may havea significant impact on various dimensions of mental health and well-being. Northern towns,as indicated by their latitude, are less exposed to the sun and have lower mean temperatures(both minimum and maximum) than southern towns. Rainfall levels are higher in the norththan in the south. This influence was more marked in the case of females. One can onlyspeculate on the link between climates that are dry, little exposed to the sun, and thereforepresumably cold and a higher incidence of suicides as seen in the case of SAD.It is possible that living in a place with low exposure to the sun might determine anabnormally persistent stimulation of circuits which use serotonin as a neurotransmitter,leading to adaptations of robust findings in the epidemiology of schizophrenia.The hospital admission rates for schizophrenia and “schizoaffective” patients are clearlyincreased in summer and fall respectively, as reported in an 11-year study from Israel.Schizophrenia patients’ mean monthly admission rates correlated with the mean maximalmonthly environmental temperature, indicating that a persistently high environmentaltemperature may be a contributing factor for psychotic exacerbation in schizophreniapatients and their consequent admission to mental hospitals.
Human PsychologyCreation of ClimateChangesImpacts on HumanPsychologyCreation of New ClimateChangesImpacts on HumanPsychology
A nature which can create all entities,we, the human beings, being a smallentity part can not recreate it.Think for it…..Thank You.Dr. L.K.Chaudhary,Head of the Dept. Education,Madanpur-Rampur,Kalahandi