Name That Plant Part

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review of plant parts

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Name That Plant Part

  1. 1. Name that plant part!
  2. 2. Overall Plant Structure Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
  3. 3. More Examples: Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
  4. 4. Final Example: Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
  5. 5. Root Functions: <ul><li>Anchoring the plant (citrus tap root) </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbing water and minerals from the soil and transporting them to the stem </li></ul><ul><li>Food Storage (Carrot) </li></ul><ul><li>Aeration (Black Mangrove and Cypress; pneumatophores) </li></ul><ul><li>Support (Red Mangrove and Corn; Proproots) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Root Systems Consist of: <ul><li>Primary roots </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary roots (rootlets) </li></ul><ul><li>Root Hairs </li></ul>
  7. 7. Three Basic Types of Root Systems: Fibrous Taproot Storage Taproot Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc. Smith. 2000.The Vegetable Gardener’s Bible. Storey Books. Pownal, VT.
  8. 8. Other Important Root Terms: <ul><li>Root Hairs </li></ul><ul><li>Fleshy Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Aerial Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Knees </li></ul>
  9. 9. Root Hairs: <ul><li>Root hairs are tubular extensions of epidermal cells </li></ul><ul><li>Increase root surface area </li></ul><ul><li>Greatly increases plants ability to absorb water and minerals from the soil. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fleshy Roots:
  11. 11. Aerial Roots:
  12. 12. Roots with a support function:
  13. 13. Stems: Parker. 1998. Introduction to Plant Science. Delmar Publishers. New York.
  14. 14. Stem Functions: <ul><li>Attachment point for leaves, flowers, and fruit </li></ul><ul><li>House the vascular system </li></ul><ul><li>Storage (tubers, corms, bulbs, rhizomes) </li></ul><ul><li>Can serve to help plant spread (runners, tendrils, thorns </li></ul>
  15. 15. Crowns <ul><li>Short inconspicuous stems: </li></ul>
  16. 16. Simple <ul><li>Stems without branches: </li></ul>
  17. 17. Other types of stems <ul><li>Branched (many plants) </li></ul><ul><li>Climbing </li></ul><ul><li>Creeping </li></ul><ul><li>Rhizomes (potatoes) </li></ul><ul><li>Stolons (stem connecting strawberry daughter plants to the mother plant) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Leaves:
  19. 19. Simple Compound Tip Midrib Axillary Bud Secondary Vein Leaflet Margin Base Petiole
  20. 20. A Sample of Leaf Shapes Scale-like Needle-like Chordate -Ovate Ovate- Chordate Palmately Lobed Pinnately Lobed Lanceolate
  21. 21. Sample Leaf Margins Double serrate Entire Lobed Incised Serrate Crenate
  22. 22. Leaf Tips Leaf Bases Cuspidate Acuminate Acute Round Chordate Hastate Rounded Oblique
  23. 23. Leaf Venation Dichotomous Palmate Pinnate
  24. 24. Leaf Arrangements on the Stem Alternate Opposite
  25. 25. Compound Leaf Arrangements Palmately Pinnately Bipinnately
  26. 26. Flower Parts http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/301Manhart/repro/Flower%20diagram/flower_diagram.htm
  27. 27. Source: University of Florida/IFAS Extension
  28. 28. Petal Sepal Pistil Stamen
  29. 30. Flower vs. Inflorescence
  30. 31. http://www.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/projects/bmv/vmm-deluxe/Animations.html#cpoundlf
  31. 32. Racemose Inflorescences http://www.gardenwithinsight.com/help100/00000418.htm
  32. 33. Cymose Inflorescences Cyme Scorpiod Cyme Fascicle
  33. 34. Review of Inflorescence Types
  34. 36. Monoecious Dioecious
  35. 37. Dry Fruits <ul><li>Achene (sunflower seed) </li></ul><ul><li>Samara (winged maple seed) </li></ul><ul><li>Nuts (walnut) </li></ul><ul><li>Grain </li></ul><ul><li>Capsule </li></ul><ul><li>Silique </li></ul><ul><li>Legume (peas) </li></ul><ul><li>Follicle (milkweed) </li></ul>
  36. 38. Fleshy Fruits <ul><li>Drupe (peach) </li></ul><ul><li>Berry tomato </li></ul><ul><li>Pepo (watermelon) </li></ul><ul><li>Hesperidium (orange) </li></ul><ul><li>Pome (apple) </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregate (strawberry) </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple (pineapple) </li></ul>
  37. 40. Seed Parts you should know: <ul><li>Seed coat </li></ul><ul><li>Endosperm </li></ul><ul><li>Cotyledon </li></ul><ul><li>Epicotyl </li></ul><ul><li>Hypocotyl </li></ul><ul><li>embryo </li></ul>http://www.hcs.ohio-state.edu/hcs/TMI/hcs200/seed.html
  38. 41. Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.

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