Chamomile Botany


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Chamomile Botany

  1. 1. Chamomile
  2. 2. 2 Types of Chamomile used medicinally Chamomile - from the Greek for ground-apple (refering to apple-like scent) Roman Chamomile German Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile (syn. Matricaria recutita Anthemis nobilis ) Used Used more in England more frequently in U. Stronger odor and flavor S. than German
  3. 3. German Chamomile Matricaria recutita Botanical Family: Aster Family (Asteraceae) Type: Cool-season Annual plant Origin: Native to Europe and Western Asia Naturalized to most of the United States
  4. 4. German Chamomile Plant Description Size: 6-20quot; X 6-20quot; Foliage: Pinnately divided leaf Aromatic - apple-scented Form: Bushy and upright Light green
  5. 5. German Chamomile Plant Description Flower: Infloresence of disc and ray flowers Small yellow disc flowers White ray flowers (may not be present or visible) Ray Flower Disc Flowers
  6. 6. German Chamomile Plant Description Growing conditions: Sunny to partly sunny location Hardiness: annual Propagation: Grows from seed, sow in spring; plants will readily reseed
  7. 7. Roman Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile Botanical Family: Aster Family (Asteraceae) Type: Evergreen perennial Origin: Native to Europe Naturalized in some areas in US
  8. 8. Roman Chamomile Plant Description Size: 3-6 inches tall with 12 inch spread Form: Low-growing groundcover Foliage: Pinnately divided leaf Aromatic - apple-scented Flower: Infloresence of disc and ray flowers, 1quot; across Small yellow disc flowers Silver-white to cream ray flowers Flowers June to September
  9. 9. Roman Chamomile Plant Description Growing conditions: Sun to part shade in well-drained soil Hardiness: Zones 4-9 Propagation: Seed, division, or stem cuttings (Division of offshoots from mother plant is easiest)
  10. 10. Vocab Annual plant - completes entire life cycle in 1 growing season Pinnately divided leaf - feather-like leaf; leaflets attached to either side of a center stalk Inflorescence - group of flowers on stem Disc flower - flowers in center of daisy flower (the brown center on a sunflower) Ray flower - flowers that surround the disc of a daisy flower (the yellow quot;petalsquot; of a sunflower) Propagation - making more plants Perennial - plant that lives more than 2 years, usually refers to herbaceous perennial, ie a plant that dies back to the ground every fall and regrows from roots in the spring Division - propagation technique in which mother plant is cut into smaller new plants
  11. 11. Sources Mimi's ppt http://courses.missouristate. edu/ClydetteAlsup/AGH325/ID_Pages/Asteraceae_Matricaria_chamomilla.doc Flora For very specific growing info (for German Chamomile) - http://ecocrop.fao. org/ecocrop/srv/en/dataSheet?id=7637
  12. 12. Image Credits: 1. Slide 1 - Steve Brace 2. Slide 2 - Tico Bassie