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Visiting Borobudur: A Quick Introduction

A short, visual introduction to Indonesia's largest and most famous ancient Buddhist temple: Borobudur.

Find out more about Borobudur on our Architecture of Buddhism book launch site here:

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Visiting Borobudur: A Quick Introduction

  1. 1. Visiting Borobudur
  2. 2. The definition of Borobudur is a combination of two words: BARA and BUDUR. Bara is derived from the Sanskrit word VIHARA, meaning a complex of temples, monastery or dormitory. BUDUR is derived from the Balinese BIDUHUR, meaning ‘high’.
  3. 3. The Borobudur complex is located in Central Java, Indonesia, 42km outside of Yogyakarta.
  4. 4. Borobudur is in close proximity to Candi Prambanan, one of the world’s largest Hindu temples, which indicates that the two religions corresponded in harmony with each other.
  5. 5. HISTORY:
  6. 6. Borobudur was built in the 9th century under the Mahayana Empire
  7. 7. It was abandoned for many centuries, until its re- discovery in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, also known as the founder of modern Singapore
  8. 8. The abandonment was probably due to Java’s conversion to Islam in the 14th century
  9. 9. Borobudur’s largest restoration project was between 1975 and 1982, funded by UNESCO
  10. 10. As of 1991 Borobudur is officially listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site
  11. 11. As of 2012 it is listed as the world’s single largest Buddhist site
  12. 12. Borobudur is Indonesia’s single most visited tourist spot
  13. 13. DESIGN:
  14. 14. The monument base is approx. 120m x 120m and its height is about 35 m
  15. 15. Its architecture represents three realms of Buddhism: 1.) Kamadhatu – the world of desire. 2.) Rupadhatu – the world of forms. 3.) Arupadhatu – the world of formlessness
  16. 16. Opening times & Entry fees: Monday to Sunday: 06:00 am to 05:00 pm Indonesian or KITAS (permanent resident) card holder: IDR 30.000 Indonesian children*: IDR 12.500 Foreigner - Adult: US$ 20 Foreigner – Student* (registered): US$ 10 Optional tour guide: IDR 40.000 *no specific age information given
  17. 17. When to go Central Java / Yogyakarta has only two seasons: the rainy season and the dry season. November to March is dominated by strong rainfall, therefore it is recommended to visit Yogyakarta during the dry season from April to October.
  18. 18. Borobudur: Hotel Manohara Borobudur*** Tel.: +62 293 788131 788680 Fax: +62 293 788679 Email: Yogyakarta: The Phoenix Hotel Yogyakarta***** Tel.: +62 274 566617 Email: Hotel Recommendations
  20. 20. Plan a full day to visit Borobudur. One purchased ticket allows you to visit all sites of the complex
  21. 21. The Manohara Hotel is the only hotel on the grounds of Borobudur and features a sunrise tour commencing at 04:30 am, before the majority of tourists arrive Foreigner: IDR 380.000 Indonesian: IDR 250.000 In-House Guest: IDR 230.000 Contact:
  22. 22. Selamat Datang di Borobudur (Welcome to Borobudur)