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Primary or Secondary? Identifying Primary Sources - Fall 2016

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This presentation teaches students to distinguish between primary sources and secondary sources, depending on the research question and the way in which the source will be used.

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Primary or Secondary? Identifying Primary Sources - Fall 2016

  1. 1. Primary or Secondary? Identifying Primary Sources Santa Barbara City College Luria Library Ellen Carey Fall 2016
  2. 2. Primary or Secondary? It depends on factors such as: •your specific research question •the way you are using the source •how long it has been since the source was published Remember: •some books, articles, videos, etc. include both sections that are primary sources and sections that are secondary sources
  3. 3. Topic: What are the consequences, professionally and in terms of public opinion, for athletes who are racist? Source: A news story about athletes who have been expelled from the Olympics for racist tweets Secondary source http://www.usatoday.com/sports/olympics/london/soccer/story/2012-07-30/swiss- athlete-banned-michel-morganella-olympics/56591966/1
  4. 4. Topic: What are the consequences, professionally and in terms of public opinion, for athletes who are racist? Source: The racist tweet for which an athlete was expelled from the Olympics Primary source
  5. 5. Topic: What are the consequences, professionally and in terms of public opinion, for athletes who are racist? Source: An email from a spectator at the Olympics, to her friends back home, about how people around her reacted to athletes getting expelled from the games for racist tweets Primary source
  6. 6. Topic: What are the consequences, professionally and in terms of public opinion, for athletes who are racist? Source: A Facebook post, by an Olympic spectator’s friend back home, about what is going on at the Olympics Secondary source
  7. 7. Your topic: How has public opinion about interracial marriage changed over time? Your source: A newspaper article from 2013, about interracial marriage becoming more mainstream Secondary source http://libproxy.sbcc.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.proquest.c om/docview/1443987176?accountid=28576
  8. 8. Your topic: How has public opinion about interracial marriage changed over time? Your source: A newspaper article from 1893, about Southern interracial marriage laws Primary source http://dbs.ohiohistory.org/africanam/page1.cfm?I temID=17772
  9. 9. Your topic: How has public opinion about interracial marriage changed over time? Your source: An interview with an interracial couple, the Lovings, about how their families and communities have responded to them over the past 40 years Primary source http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/inbrief/2012/06/201206087068.html#axzz27MdEFQDr
  10. 10. Your topic: How has public opinion about interracial marriage changed over time? Your source: The 2016 feature film about the Lovings Secondary source http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR6fWfYlxUq9-d353F4dxxnjh-1Tfmy_86KkCVFqZmQN6x9Cqyn
  11. 11. Your topic: To what degree do the images of black people in the media differ depending on gender and class? Your source: An interview with the author of a book about media stereotypes of African Americans Secondary source http://www.soros.org/voices/black-male-image-american-mind
  12. 12. Your topic: To what degree do the images of black people in the media differ depending on gender and class? Your sources: Media images Primary sources http://www.crownheights.info/index.php?blogid=1&archive=2008- 07&catid=23 http://www.newser.com/tag/3970/2/stereotypes.html
  13. 13. Topic: What are the personal and political implications of black women’s choices about their hair? Source: A video on YouTube in which a woman provides tips for dealing with the practical and emotional aspects of transitioning hair from relaxed to natural Primary source http://youtu.be/nr8GbJNJ2jM
  14. 14. Your topic: What are the personal and political implications of black women’s choices about their hair? Your source: A video of a segment called “The Politics of Black Hair” from Melissa Harris-Perry’s show on MSNBC Secondary source…. http://video.msnbc.msn.com/melissa-harris-perry/47755433#47755433 … and Primary source when the participants are speaking as experts on politics and culture when the participants are speaking about their own experience as black women
  15. 15. More Examples Primary sources: evidence of history & culture Secondary sources: interpretation of history & culture Photographs Movies Plays Works of art Songs Recipes Letters Diaries Autobiographies Memoirs Oral histories Speeches Birth/death certificates Land deeds Government documents Live news footage Interviews (usually) Scholarly articles Political analyses Biographies Textbooks Reference books Literary criticism Reviews of art/movies/music (usually) News articles/broadcasts other than first-person accounts (usually) Remember: some secondary sources can be used as primary sources if you are using them as historical artifacts (for example, using a scholarly article from 1907 about interracial marriage as an example of racism among scholars during the early 20th century)

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