Jim Durrett's keynote address - Pace Awards 2011

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Jim Durrett's keynote address - Pace Awards 2011

  1. 1. Connecting The Dotsand Learning From Others Energy – Transportation – Climate Change – Sustainability
  2. 2. Who Framed Roger Rabbit?Judge Doom (JD): Several months ago I had the good providence to stumble upon the plan of the City Council - a construction plan of epic proportions. They are calling it a Freeway.Eddie Valiant (EV): Freeway? What the hell is a Freeway?JD: Eight lanes of shimmering cement running from here to Pasadena. Smooth, safe, fast. Traffic jams will be a thing of the past.EV: So that’s why you killed Acme Maroon? For this Freeway? I don’t get it!JD: Of course not, you lack vision. I see a place where people get on and off the freeway. On and off, off and on, all day, all night. Soon, where Toontown once stood, will be a string of gas-stations, inexpensive motels, restaurants that serve rapidly prepared food, tire salons, automobile dealerships and wonderful, wonderful billboards reaching as far as the eye can see. My god, it’ll be beautiful!EV: C’mon. Nobody is gonna drive on this lousy freeway, when they can take the Redcar for a nickel.JD: They’ll drive, they’ll have to. You see, I bought the Redcar, so that I could dismantle it.
  3. 3. Vehicle Miles Traveled Trend-lines
  4. 4. Obesity Trend-lines
  5. 5. Total Energy Consumption per Capita, 2005 Germany China 178 MBTUs USA 31 MBTUs 340 MBTUs India 14 MBTUs Source: Energy Information Administration
  6. 6. Energy Consumption by Sector, 2005 India China Germany USA Source: World Resources Institute
  7. 7. Energy Consumption: Low-Rise Office Park vs. Tall Urban Building with Transit High-Rise Low-Rise Number of bldgs 1 10 Average floor size 30,612 sf 36,000 sf Area of roof 88,000 sf 375,000 sf Area of ext wall 343,000 sf 385,000 sf Area of parking 0 sf 1,837,500 sf
  8. 8. Energy Consumption: Low-Rise Office Park vs. Tall Urban Building Commute: 210,000 BTU/sqft-yr • 30 mi. round trip • Private Car, 15 mpg, 1 passenger • 300 sq.ft./person, 252 days/year Commute: 41,000 BTU/sqft-yr • 30 mi. round trip • Diesel Bus, 4 mpg, 20 passengers • 300 sq.ft./person, 252 days/yearBTUs (1,000,000) High-rise Urban Low-rise Suburban
  9. 9. GHG Per Person: Kg CO2e (Carbon dioxide equivalent) per year 8,637 3,341 Transportation Building Operations Materials High Density Low Density Transit - Oriented Auto - Oriented Source: Journal of Urban Planning and Development, Norman, March 2006
  10. 10. San Francisco: Carbon Footprint Analysis
  11. 11. SF CO2e per Passenger MileModal Analysis: Bike – Walk – Transit: Most Efficient
  12. 12. CO2 By Vehicle Propulsion Type Large SUV/Truck Compact vehicle: Gasoline Bio-fuel Hybrid/Electric Electric (fossil fuels generation) Electric (renewable generation) 0 1/4 1/2 3/4 1 1¼ lb/mile 0 60 125 180 250 375 gm/kmVehicle Analysis: There is no carbon-neutral car
  13. 13. Strategy 1: Travel Choice & Information 14
  14. 14. Strategy 2: Demand Pricing 15
  15. 15. Strategy 3: Transit-Oriented Development 16
  16. 16. Strategy 4: Transit Improvements 17
  17. 17. Strategy 5: Complete Streets 18
  18. 18. Strategy 6: Electric Vehicles Infrastructure 19
  19. 19. Transit helps others reach carbon reduction goals APTA Climate Change Standards Working Group
  20. 20. Chicago RTA displaces 5.5x the emissions it produces
  21. 21. New York MTA GHG Emissions, 2009Total: 2.3 million metric tons Non-Revenue Fleet -Traction Transit Effect Multiplier = 8.24 Electricity - Non-tractionElectricity-Traction For every unit of GHG that the MTA emits Heating - Non-traction it helps avoid 8.24 units. In the net it helps avoid about 17million metric tons @ $30 / ton ~ 500 million Revenue Fleet Fuel -Traction Currently un-recognized and un-compensated
  22. 22. Policy Shift: Region of Sustainable Mobility Choices
  23. 23. Transportation Investment Act of 2010• Ten-year, one-penny regional sales tax for transportation• 10-county region• $7.22 billion in 2011 dollars• $6.14 for specific projects (85%)• 55% for transit• $1.08 billion split among jurisdictions (15%)
  24. 24. Key Points• This is about jobs and the economy• This is about quality of life• The process is open, transparent• Accountability – oversight and reporting• Balance – all modes benefit• 100% of taxes collected will be spent here
  25. 25. Connecting The Dotsand Learning From Others Energy – Transportation – Climate Change – Sustainability

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