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Biology 3rd Period Power Point


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Animal Behavior (Francisco Vela 3rd period Biology)

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Biology 3rd Period Power Point

  1. 1. Francisco Vela Mr. Buchmann Biology 25 March 2010
  2. 2. <ul><li>A behavior is the way an organism reacts to changes in its internal condition or external environment. </li></ul><ul><li>A stimulus is any kind of signal that carries its information and can be detected. </li></ul><ul><li>A response is when there is a single specific reaction to the stimulus. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>An inherited behavior is a behavior that animals inherit from their parents. </li></ul><ul><li>An innate behavior is a behavior that animals get automatically when they’re born. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Habituation : the simplest type of learning, which is when an animal learns to ignore a non-threatening or unrewarding stimulus. </li></ul><ul><li>Classical conditioning : is when an animal recognizes a stimulus that results in some kind of reward or punishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Operant conditioning : is when an animal learns to behave in a certain way through practice, in order to receive an award or avoid punishment, similar to the trial and error concept. </li></ul><ul><li>Insight learning : the most difficult type of learning that occurs when an animal applies something it has already learn in a new situation, without trial and error. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Before conditioning : when a dog sees or smells food, it produces saliva. Food is the stimulus and the dog’s response is salivation. </li></ul><ul><li>During conditioning : By ringing a bell every time he fed the dog, Pavlov trained the dog to associate the sight and smell of food with the ringing bell. </li></ul><ul><li>After conditioning : When Pavlov rang a bell in the absence of food, the dog still salivated. The dog conditioned to salivate in response to a stimulus that it did not normally associate with food. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Caudill Natalie.  LIFE PETS-INSURANCE 1 DA . Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service. 26 Apr. 2006.  eLibrary . Web. 10 Mar. 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Learning Theories - Classical Conditioning.&quot;  Northern College for Residential and Non-residential Adult Education - Begin, Discover, Succeed . Northern College 2000, 5 Apr. 2003. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. < logy/lifespan%20folder/Learningtheories.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Miller Kenneth, and Levine, Joseph. Biology . New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc., 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>Waldie Ian.  Concentrated Spider Season Due To Ideal Weather Conditions . Getty Images. 19 Apr. 2005.  eLibrary . Web. 10 Mar. 2010. </li></ul>