Megan Berry Period 6 Bottlenose Dolphin


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Megan Berry Period 6 Bottlenose Dolphin

  1. 1. The Bottlenose Dolphin By Megan Berry Mr. Buchmann 6 period
  2. 2. The Bottlenose Dolphin <ul><li>Common name: Bottlenose Dolphin </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific name: Tursiops truncates </li></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics <ul><li>Size: Length on average: 11-13 feet (King) </li></ul><ul><li>Weight on average: 330 -440 pounds (King) </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth, rubbery skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grey/dark grey on it’s back, but white underneath </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dorsal fin has no bones, only cartilage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Called Flukes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has five different digits inside the fin, almost like a human hand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The blowhole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What dolphins use to breathe through </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Covered by a muscular flap to make it water proof </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Located on the top of the head </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Habitat <ul><li>Bottlenose dolphins live in temperate and tropical waters throughout the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Bottlenose Dolphins prefer warm water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10° to  32°C (50°-90° F). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usually limited to surface water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shallows where they can hunt their fish </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dolphins move in groups - they are very social creatures </li></ul>
  5. 5. Food and Hunting
  6. 6. Breeding and Raising Calves
  7. 7. Dolphins and Humans <ul><li>The toxins in waters and dolphin tissues, and death rates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exacerbated and created by the heavy boat traffic, habitat destruction, and pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many establishments where dolphins are for recreational purposes, as well as somewhat educational. </li></ul><ul><li>Theme parks express the education about the natural lifestyle of dolphins and bring awareness to the mistreatment of these intelligent creatures. </li></ul><ul><li>Dolphins have been hunted for food, clothing, and fertilizers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peru, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Japan to this day </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Dolphins can get drowned by fishing nets and fishing gear. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fun Facts! <ul><li>Dolphins use echolocation to see underwater </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They send out whistles and high pitched sounds, and when the sounds bounce back, the dolphins can see what is in front of them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They use this for communication as well as hunting for fish and other creatures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dolphins spend 33% of their day sleeping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When they sleep, they only sleep with one half of their brain. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Death of Dolphins and the Causes of them <ul><li>Dolphins usually live for about 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Ways dolphins die: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>parasites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>suffocation from trash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predator attacks (sharks, and sometimes stingrays and killer whales) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human hunting </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Works Cited <ul><li>King, Judith: Wildlife Fact File Pittsburg, PA: International Masters Publishers, 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Habitat & Distribution.&quot; . Web. 19 Apr. 2011.“ </li></ul><ul><li>BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Diet & Eating Habits.&quot; . Web. 19 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Physical Characteristics.&quot; . Web. 19 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Adaptations for an Aquatic Environment.&quot; . Web. 19 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Longevity & Causes for Death.&quot; . Web. 19 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Reproduction.&quot; . Web. 19 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Birth & Care of Young.&quot; . Web. 19 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Scientific Classification.&quot; . Web. 19 Apr. 2011. </li></ul>