Difference between digestive tract of herbovores vs carnivores
difference between digestive tract of herbivores vs carnivores Herbivore means plant eater
Oral cavity• Carnivorous animals tend to have wide mouths in relation to their head size and have highly- developed jaw muscles called the temporalis muscle.• Herbivores have smaller mouths and muscular tongues to move food about and grind it down on the flat platforms of molar teeth in the mouth
digestive tracts• Herbivores have long digestive tracts because it takes a long time to absorb nutritents from the plant material which they eat. They also have a large caecum which helps, along with enzymes, breakdown the plant material and cellulose.• Carnivores have shorter digestive tracts as they can obtain nutrients from the meat they consume more quickly. They have a realatively small caecum as their diet only consists of small amounts of plant material.•
Teeth• A carnivores teeth are long, sharp and pointed. These are tools that are useful for the task of piercing into flesh.• Herbivores teeth are not pointed, but flat edged. These are useful tools for biting, crushing and grinding.
Saliva• A carnivore’s saliva does not contain digestive enzymes.• Herbivores saliva is alkaline, containing carbohydrate digestive enzymes.
Stomach size• Stomachs differ greatly between carnivores and herbivores.• Carnivores have greatly enlarged stomachs which encompass between 60 and 70 percent of their entire digestive tracts,• while herbivores have much smaller stomachs as they generally are required to process smaller amounts of food.•
stomach• A carnivores stomach secretes powerful digestive enzymes with about 10 times the amount of hydrochloric acid than a human or herbivore. The pH is less than or equal to "1" with food in the stomach, for a carnivore.• For humans or other herbivores, the pH ranges from 4 to 5 with food in the stomach. Hence, man must prepare his meats with laborious cooking or frying methods.• E. Coli bacteria, salmonella, campylobacter, trichina worms [parasites] or other pathogens would not survive in the stomach of a lion
small intestine• A carnivores or omnivores small intestine is three to six times the length of its trunk.• This is a tool designed for rapid elimination of food that rots quickly.• Mans, as well as other herbivores small intestines are 10 to 12 times the length of their body, and winds itself back and forth in random directions.• This is a tool designed for keeping food in it for long enough periods of time so that all the valuable nutrients and minerals can be extracted from it before it enters the large intestine.
liver• In relative terms, a carnivores liver is a tool designed with the capacity to eliminate ten times as much uric acid as the liver of man or other plant eater.