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Copyright © 2016 BTS
Wayne Jin
2007
Value of Simulation Learning
Value of simulation learning
from the world of academia
a...
"Tell me, and I will forget. Show
me, and I may remember. Involve
me, and I will understand."
– Confucius, 450 BC
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 3
• Experiential Learning through Simulation
• Why use Simulation in Business?
• Learn by Doing thr...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 4
Based on these experts’ findings, simulation is the
ideal learning tool for business people:
• Ma...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 5
• Research has shown that learning by doing drives
greater retention than other learning methods....
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 6
• “Business people are concerned with doing, not just
knowing. Reflect for a moment on the import...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 7
• Simulation is the learning tool of choice for business
because of four characteristics (McAteer...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 8
• Simulations can help trainees develop specific skill
clusters by encouraging active experimenta...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 9
• According to Brandon-Hall, a leading e-learning
researcher, “the customer base is already ‘sold...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 10
• When the cost of failure is high and when the
performance arena uncertain, simulations are lik...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 11
• Business success requires making wise decisions and
this demands wisdom. Creating wisdom invol...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 12
Wisdom through Simulation – cont’d
Wise Decisions
Business Success
Wisdom
Experience
Knowledge
M...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 13
• Research has suggested that business simulations
have the ability to create “microworlds” in w...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 14
• One of the most powerful benefits of simulation is
that it changes in a variety of ways the pe...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 15
•Do people participating in a business war game
(simulation) exercise see things differently and...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 16
• Decision making responsibility has been pushed down
the organizational ladder. Spans of contro...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 17
• Decision testing is the most promising of the new
applications for simulation models. Many
man...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 18
• Simulations are useful tools for team building because
they illustrate the relationships betwe...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 19
• Learning to lead involves dealing with complexity,
taking risks, and collaborating with others...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 20
• Leadership development in the face of increasing
complexity must incorporate more effective an...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 21
• Adkins, Sam S. (2002). The 2002 U.S. Market for E-Learning Simulation.
Brandon-hall. Market An...
Copyright © 2016 BTS | 22
• Knowles, M. (1996). “Adult Learning.” The ASTD Training and Development
Handbook: A Guide to H...
BTS - Value Of Simulation Learning
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BTS - Value Of Simulation Learning

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Based on experts’ findings, simulation is the ideal learning tool for business people. Here we show key points about how simulations make training stick.

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BTS - Value Of Simulation Learning

  1. 1. Copyright © 2016 BTS Wayne Jin 2007 Value of Simulation Learning Value of simulation learning from the world of academia and research
  2. 2. "Tell me, and I will forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I will understand." – Confucius, 450 BC
  3. 3. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 3 • Experiential Learning through Simulation • Why use Simulation in Business? • Learn by Doing through Simulation • Transfer of Learning through Simulation • Wisdom through Simulation • Understanding the Whole Business • Behavioral Changes through Simulation • Better Decision Making through Simulation • Team-Building through Simulation • Leadership Development through Simulation Table of Contents
  4. 4. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 4 Based on these experts’ findings, simulation is the ideal learning tool for business people: • Malcolm Knowles states that adults learn best by active (as opposed to passive) experiences. Working to solve problems facilitates their learning (Knowles, 1996). • Roger Schank’s theory entitled “Learning by Doing,” states that skills are developed and information is obtained in practical contexts (Schank, 1999). • David Kolb, an advocate of experiential learning, states that “learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience.” (Kolb, 1975). Experiential Learning through Simulation
  5. 5. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 5 • Research has shown that learning by doing drives greater retention than other learning methods. Learn by Doing through Simulation 20% Audio/Visual 10% Reading 5% Lecture 30% Demonstration 50% Discussion Group 75% Practice by Doing 80% Teach Others Simulation Source: National Training Laboratories
  6. 6. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 6 • “Business people are concerned with doing, not just knowing. Reflect for a moment on the important things you have learned. Were they to do with doing something or just learning something? Now reflect on how you learned these things - was this in the classroom or through (bitter) experience. I suggest that in most instances, important learning is defined based on the use it is put to and generally it was learned from experience. I suggest that an organization's learning strategy must extend beyond merely building knowledge. It must be directed towards developing people who make "wise" decisions and a key and necessary step in this process is gaining experience. Simulations provide for this.” (Hall, 2001). Why use Simulation in Business?
  7. 7. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 7 • Simulation is the learning tool of choice for business because of four characteristics (McAteer, 1991): • They accelerate the learning process while reducing costs. • They serve as frameworks for testing innovation. • They act as mechanisms for reducing risk. • They create powerful linkages between the decision making process and critical business results. Why use Simulation in Business? – cont’d
  8. 8. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 8 • Simulations can help trainees develop specific skill clusters by encouraging active experimentation in realistic environments and by creating opportunities for feedback, observation and reflection. Simulations can provide role models. They can influence behavior and serve as “laboratories” for developing problem solving alternatives (McAteer, 1991). Why use Simulation in Business? – cont’d
  9. 9. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 9 • According to Brandon-Hall, a leading e-learning researcher, “the customer base is already ‘sold’ on simulation. Most medium- and large-sized businesses recognize the effect that simulation has on improving supply chain efficiency, product cycle performance, and workforce management. They are enthusiastically embracing e-learning simulation as the most effective knowledge transfer technology.” (Adkins, 2002) Why use Simulation in Business? – cont’d
  10. 10. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 10 • When the cost of failure is high and when the performance arena uncertain, simulations are likely to be useful. It thus seems logical that one thing organizations can do to increase learning transfer and performance in the face of ambiguity is to employ educational interventions that are more like the learner’s on-the-job experience —simulations (Hill & Semler, 2001). • In a relatively short time frame, a simulation can allow for immediate feedback, enable decision testing, and encourage the discussion of complex issues (McAteer, 1991). Transfer of Learning through Simulation
  11. 11. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 11 • Business success requires making wise decisions and this demands wisdom. Creating wisdom involves a combination of knowledge and experience. Yet, often, experience is developed on the job in an ad hoc, accidental way. I suggest that effective learning strategy must manage this development of experience. Further there is a need to share experience so that it is not confined to a single individual. One way of ensuring that experience is built effectively and through it wisdom is using simulations to provide simulated experience (Hall, 2001). Wisdom through Simulation
  12. 12. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 12 Wisdom through Simulation – cont’d Wise Decisions Business Success Wisdom Experience Knowledge Managed Experience Shared Experience Simulated Experience (Hall, 2001)
  13. 13. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 13 • Research has suggested that business simulations have the ability to create “microworlds” in which students can gain a better understanding of not only individual effects of decisions on a company, but also the interactive effects of environment, multiple competitors, and employees all within a simulated experience (Anderson, 2005). Understanding the Whole Business
  14. 14. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 14 • One of the most powerful benefits of simulation is that it changes in a variety of ways the perspectives of the managers who participate. Case studies do seem to support this claim that business war games (simulations) result in participants doing things differently, thinking longer term, seeing the big picture and better understanding the complexities of the competitive landscape (Scherpereel, 2003). Behavioral Changes through Simulation
  15. 15. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 15 •Do people participating in a business war game (simulation) exercise see things differently and think differently? •The decision measurement technique was able to clearly demonstrate that a business war game exercise changes the way decision-makers see decision problems and the way they think about these problems. The exercise effectiveness was measured along specific dimensions to verify that a decision-maker’s perception changed according to the sponsor’s objectives (Scherpereel, 2003). Better Decision Making through Simulation
  16. 16. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 16 • Decision making responsibility has been pushed down the organizational ladder. Spans of control are larger. Responding to the challenges of a new business environment will require new learning strategies that compress the learning cycle and create new options for active learning (McAteer, 1991). Better Decision Making through Simulation – cont’d
  17. 17. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 17 • Decision testing is the most promising of the new applications for simulation models. Many management decisions appear to follow a trial-and- error approach because a particular challenge may occur infrequently. Imagine the benefits to an organization if managers were able to test out high- risk ideas before exposing customers or assets to risk (McAteer, 1991). Better Decision Making through Simulation – cont’d
  18. 18. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 18 • Simulations are useful tools for team building because they illustrate the relationships between individual actions. Such relationships – along with individual and group communication skills and managerial and leadership styles – provide important parallels to actual team activities (McAteer, 1991). Team-Building through Simulation
  19. 19. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 19 • Learning to lead involves dealing with complexity, taking risks, and collaborating with others to bring a myriad of talents to bear on critical issues (Dentico, 1998). Leadership Development through Simulation
  20. 20. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 20 • Leadership development in the face of increasing complexity must incorporate more effective and engaging learning methods. Using simulations to put boundaries around the complexity and, in essence, “package it” for learning has shown to be a useful tool. Within the simulation itself, the learner has much greater control of his or her learning than is possible in most traditional learning activities. Adult learning theory continues to suggest that this learning control and engagement is key to the construction of knowledge and to making intentional changes in behavior (Hill and Semler, 2001). Leadership Development through Simulation – cont’d
  21. 21. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 21 • Adkins, Sam S. (2002). The 2002 U.S. Market for E-Learning Simulation. Brandon-hall. Market Analysis Series. Retrieved January 28, 2007 from: http://students.ed.uiuc.edu/mfoley/304/execsum_simmarket.pdf • Anderson, Jonathan R. (2005). The Relationship Between Student Perceptions of Team Dynamics and Simulation Game Outcomes: An Individual-Level Analysis. [Electronic Version]. Journal of Education for Business, November, 85-90. • Dentico, J.P. (1999). Games leader play: using process simulations to develop collaborative leadership practices for a knowledge-based society. Career Development International, 4(3), 175-184. • Hall, Jeremy J. (2001). Corporate Cartooning – The Art and Science of Computerized Business Simulation. Retrieved January 28, 2007 from http://www.simulations.co.uk/download/Cartoon.pdf • Hill, Claudia C. & Semler, Steven W. (2001). Simulation Enhanced Learning: Case Studies in Leadership Development. Retrieved January 28, 2007 from http://www.learningsim.com/content/sim_enhanced_learning.pdf References
  22. 22. Copyright © 2016 BTS | 22 • Knowles, M. (1996). “Adult Learning.” The ASTD Training and Development Handbook: A Guide to Human Resource Development. Ed. Robert L. Craig. New York: McGraw-Hill. • Kolb. D. A. and Fry, R. (1975). Toward an applied theory of experiential learning. in C. Cooper (ed.) Theories of Group Process, London: John Wiley. • McAteer, Peter F. (1991). Almost Like On-the-Job Training. Training and Development, October, 19-24. • Schank, Roger C. (1999). “Learning by Doing.” Instructional-Design Theories and Models. Ed. Charles M. Reigeluth. 2nd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates • Scherpereel, Christopher M. (2003). The Impact of of Business War Games: Quantifying Training Effectiveness. Developments in Business Simulation and Experiential Learning, 30, 69-82. • References – cont’d

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