Library Orientation Library Orientation for NURS203 Online – Summer 2010Librarian – Beth Transue        Please feel free t...
Library Orientation          Figure 1 – NURS203 Webpage on Sakai          Other documents which may be helpful to you are ...
Library Orientation2. Search for Literature       A. Journal Articles       Your best bet to find journal articles for thi...
Library Orientation       Simple Search       When you go to PubMed, you can immediately search it like any other search  ...
Library OrientationSo, why can’t you just do a simple search in PubMed and be done with it?    1. How many hits did you ge...
Library Orientation       Figure 6 – PubMed MeSH database entry       After you select the standard subject headings, look...
Library Orientation       Limit Your Search       You can further limit this list by selecting the Limits link (see link i...
Library Orientation       Type in the name of the journal (not the name of the journal article). It will list if       we ...
Library OrientationCINAHLWhat is CINAHL?CINAHL is a database of the nursing literature. Messiah has access to CINAHL throu...
Library Orientation       Simple Search       It is easy to type in a simple search, and get a list of articles. Try typin...
Library Orientation       Limit Your Search       You can further limit the number of articles by selecting the “Refine Se...
Library OrientationMEDLINE:MEDLINE is the same database as PubMed, but it is sold to us through EBSCO.Therefore, it looks ...
Library OrientationSearch the library catalog for your specific therapy, or for books about spirituality andnursing.      ...
Library Orientation       Journal Articles (try accessing journal articles in this order):             Download full-text ...
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Nurs203 onlinelibraryinformation summeredition

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Nurs203 onlinelibraryinformation summeredition

  1. 1. Library Orientation Library Orientation for NURS203 Online – Summer 2010Librarian – Beth Transue Please feel free to contact me with any library or reference questions during the course. I am here to help! How to contact me? Email: btransue@messiah.edu IM: AOL. Name: boolibmessiah Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/beth.transue Phone: 717-691-6006 x3810 When to contact me? Daily (weekdays), 9-5. If you cannot reach me through IM, email or Facebook me and I will respond as soon as I get your message. NOTE: I will be out of the office in July, and may or may not get your email in time, although I do attempt to check email regularly. You can still email me in July, but please understand it might be a few days. Also, I will be out of the office June 4-13. You may email me during this time, but I will not be able to respond until June 14. If I am not available, please contact the Library for immediate assistance. You can call the Library (717-691-6006) and ask for a Librarian. Or you can email the Library through the Email button on the library homepage.Overview of this Orientation Sheet This library instruction sheet will help you to: 1. Define your topic 2. Search for literature a. Journal Articles – PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, Religion Index b. Web sites – National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine c. Books – library catalog, Google Books 3. Retrieve literature 4. Evaluate sources 5. Prepare Annotated Bibliography and report, using APA format. The websites for all resources mentioned in this guide can be found on the library webpage for this class. The webpage is available through the course management software (Messiah College Library link), or at: http://www.messiah.edu/murraylibrary/new_resources/transue_nurs201.html -1-
  2. 2. Library Orientation Figure 1 – NURS203 Webpage on Sakai Other documents which may be helpful to you are listed in the Resources/Library Orientation folder in your course management software. Also look at the library webpage created especially for online students. It includes information about how to request books, articles, etc. http://www.messiah.edu/murraylibrary/summer_main.html1. Define Your Topic Believe it or not, defining your topic doesn’t end after you sign up for the alternative therapy you wish to research. Before searching for information, it helps to think of alternate keywords that may also describe your topic. If you don’t find much using your primary keywords, try using some of the other ones you thought of. It is very helpful to determine what keywords the database uses to describe your topic. These are known as subject headings. If you use those words, you will find the most relevant and best results! More on how to do this later…. Ex: Alternate keywords for “alternative medicine” might be: alternative therapy, complementary medicine, or complementary therapy traditional medicine -2-
  3. 3. Library Orientation2. Search for Literature A. Journal Articles Your best bet to find journal articles for this topic is to search in PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, and Religion Index. I’ll go through these one by one.PubMedWhat is PubMedPubMed is a bibliographic database of the medical literature. It contains millions ofjournal article citations. It is coordinated by the National Library of Medicine. Becauseit is a bibliographic database, it does not contain full-text of journal articles. Instead, itgives the citations so that you can find the full-text of the article elsewhere. I’ll tell youhow to do that later in this session.How to Get to PubMedAccess PubMed through the Messiah website. You can do this on the Library Databasespage, or on the NURS203 webpage – available through the Library link on the NURS203course management software (Figure 1). Going through the Messiah website, rather thanto the general public website, allows you to see what journals are in the Messiahcollection.Figure 2 – PubMed homepage -3-
  4. 4. Library Orientation Simple Search When you go to PubMed, you can immediately search it like any other search engine. Try searching on your topic. My example is Reiki. A list of journal article citations appears. Clicking on the title will give you more information about the article, and possibly a link to the full-text, if available in another resource. Figure 3 – PubMed Simple Search and Results List There is a “Related Articles” link when you click on a citation. This is a great feature if you are having difficulty finding good articles. Find just one good article, and select the Related Articles link. PubMed will list other articles it thinks are related. You can find great articles this way, so keep it in mind. PubMed has one feature that is not on any other database, not even Google! It tries to ‘think’ for you. To see what I mean, scroll down to look at the “Details” box on the right margin and look at the search strategy. If your search was like mine (reiki), you only typed in one word, but look how many words PubMed added Figure 4 – PubMed Details tab PS: Usually, this is a great ‘added feature’. But, if you get ‘weird’ results from a simple PubMed search, it is possible that PubMed added words that aren’t relevant. If it does this, just go to Details, and edit the search back to only the keywords that you want. -4-
  5. 5. Library OrientationSo, why can’t you just do a simple search in PubMed and be done with it? 1. How many hits did you get? Depending on your keywords, you may have gotten hundreds of thousands of articles. How do you know which are the ‘best’ articles to use? 2. The citation results are in reverse chronological order (you see newest research first). They are NOT in relevancy order, like in Google. Therefore, you can’t just look at the first few hits, to find the ‘best’. A ‘great’ article may be buried on page 50! How will you find the ‘best’ articles quickly? Subject Search The keywords you did you first search with may or may not be the “best” words to search with. You should try to search for the ‘standard’ keywords that the database uses for your topic. These standard words are known as subject headings. PubMed has a large database just to help you determine the best words to use in your search. This database is known as MeSH. Select “MeSH Database” from the PubMed homepage (see the bottom menu in Figure 1), and search first for “alternative medicine”. Note that PubMed actually wants you to use the phrase “Complementary Therapies” instead. That is a big difference! Now try searching for your specific therapy. Is it the same word or phrase? Select the standard subject word that seems to best describe your therapy and open up the record. You may need to read the short definition after the word to determine the best subject heading. Figure 5 – PubMed MeSH database -5-
  6. 6. Library Orientation Figure 6 – PubMed MeSH database entry After you select the standard subject headings, look at the “Subheadings”. Are there any subheadings that are specific to your research? If so, select the appropriate heading. If not, don’t select any subheadings. Then select the “Restrict Search to Major Topic Headings Only” box. This will tell PubMed that you only want journal articles listed if your therapy is the major topic of the article. That can be helpful in a database of millions of journal articles! Run your search by selecting the “Send To” drop box and selecting “Send to Search Box with AND”. Then click on the “Search PubMed” button. Note the results list now. The number of articles listed should be less in number and more relevant than your first simple search because you are using standard subject words, and because you are limiting it to just major topics. -6-
  7. 7. Library Orientation Limit Your Search You can further limit this list by selecting the Limits link (see link in Figure 2). Select limits that are best for your search. Typical limits you might select are: Published in the Last X Years English Language Type of Article: Meta-Analysis or Review for secondary sources, clinical trials for primary sources Subset: Complementary Medicine Select your limits and search again. You will see fewer articles listed. These articles should be very focused on your topic. Retrieve Your Articles Click on the “Messiah College” link (see link in Figure 3) for journal articles that should be online and full-text in the Messiah Library. Click on the Messiah icon to link to the full-text. This sometimes works! If you found an article but don’t know if we have it, or if the Messiah icon doesn’t “work right”, copy down the journal article citation. Go to the library homepage and select “Periodicals List”. Figure 7 – Messiah Library homepage -7-
  8. 8. Library Orientation Type in the name of the journal (not the name of the journal article). It will list if we have the journal, what years, and location (database or print). Select the appropriate database, and find the article in the full-text database. Figure 8 – Messiah Library Periodicals List NOTE: When you are an online student, you have full access to our online databases, just like you do on the Messiah campus. Select off- campus option and enter your network username and password. You should then be able to access the database. If we have the journal article, but only in print (not online) you can request it from the library. We will scan the article and email it to you. Go to the library webpage for summer online students and select the “Interlibrary Loan for Journal Articles” link. http://www.messiah.edu/murraylibrary/summer_main.html If we do not have a journal article that you need, you can request it through Interlibrary Loan. Simply enter the information in the “Journal Request Form” on our “InterLibrary Loan” page on the Library website. Request the article though the ILLIAD link: http://www.messiah.edu/murraylibrary/interlibrary2.html We will get the article and email it to you. -8-
  9. 9. Library OrientationCINAHLWhat is CINAHL?CINAHL is a database of the nursing literature. Messiah has access to CINAHL throughEBSCO, therefore, it looks like a lot of our other databases. Remember to use the Off-Campus access link and enter your userid and password. Note that there is a limit of the number of students who can access CINAHL at the same time. If you try to get in and are denied access, it is probably because too many other students are logged on. Please try again later. Contact me if this becomes a problem. Figure 9 – CINAHL simple search -9-
  10. 10. Library Orientation Simple Search It is easy to type in a simple search, and get a list of articles. Try typing in a keyword describing your therapy. You can also add keywords in the next line to further limit the search. Remember to try alternate keywords if you don’t find a lot of relevant records. Also, look at the suggested keywords on the left margin. These may be of help to you. Subject Searching Like PubMed, you can search by using standard subject words to help you narrow your search to relevant records. In PubMed, these words were called MeSH, but in CINAHL, these subject words are called CINAHL Headings; they are a link at the top (see Figure 9). Go to CINAHL Headings and type “alternative medicine”. Note that while PubMed uses Complementary Therapies, CINAHL wants you to use “Alternative Therapies”. Every database is different! Now try searching for your therapy keyword in CINAHL Headings. What standard subject term does CINAHL use? Select the term that seems most relevant. Select the “Major Concept” box to narrow your search to articles where your therapy is the major topic of the article. Also look to see if any subheadings are appropriate. If so, select them. Then search CINAHL by selecting “Search Database” at the top. Figure 10 – CINAHL Headings page - 10 -
  11. 11. Library Orientation Limit Your Search You can further limit the number of articles by selecting the “Refine Search” tab (Figure 9). Common limits to apply are: English Language Publication Year – example: Last 10 years Peer Review Type of article Search the database again with these limits applied and you will get a fewer number of articles. Retrieve Your Articles EBSCO provides easy options to access your articles. If the article is available full-text in CINAHL, select the full text option to view the article. If it is available in another database, or in print, it will give a “LinkSource” icon. Select the icon to go to the other database to retrieve the article. If it is not available at Messiah, select the InterLibrary Loan link and complete it with your information. We will email the article to you. If you are not sure, copy down the information about the article and go to the Library homepage. Select the “Periodicals Link” and type in the name of the journal. If it is available in a database, select the database and go to the article (see Figure 8). If it is not available, complete a Journal Article request form on the InterLibrary Loan page: http://www.messiah.edu/murraylibrary/interlibrary2.html - 11 -
  12. 12. Library OrientationMEDLINE:MEDLINE is the same database as PubMed, but it is sold to us through EBSCO.Therefore, it looks and works almost exactly like CINAHL. Be sure to make use of theMeSH database which is in Medline, and works just like it does in PubMed.Religion IndexUse this database to find articles about religious or Christian viewpoints about yourtherapy.This database is sold to us from EBSCO, therefore it looks and works almost exactly likeCINAHL. Don’t worry about using standard subject words like in CINAHL or PubMed.Simply type in your therapy; suggested terms may appear on the left-hand column. If youdon’t find many articles about your specific therapy, you may need to find articles aboutalternative medicine in general, and extrapolate that research to your therapy.WebsitesNational Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)This website (listed on the NURS203 website – see Figure 1) is sponsored by theNational Institutes of Health, and is an authoritative and reliable site about alternativemedicine. This is a great website to start with to get an overview about your topic.To see all health topics, click the “A-Z Index of Health Topics”. Browse through the listto find your therapy. If your therapy does not appear on the list, you can search for it inthe site search box at the top.The information about your therapy will contain a good overview of the modality. Scrolldown the page to the “References” section. This contains citations to important journalarticles about this treatment. If you want to access any of the journal articles, make noteof the citation information, and go to the “Periodicals List” to see if we have the journaland the year. If we do, go to the relevant database to retrieve the article. If we do not, oronly have it in print format, request the article through InterLibrary Loan link.BooksBooks can be especially helpful in finding overview information about the spiritualaspects of nursing or alternative medicine. - 12 -
  13. 13. Library OrientationSearch the library catalog for your specific therapy, or for books about spirituality andnursing. If you are in the local Grantham area this summer, you can still check books out by coming into the library. Loan periods are the same (three weeks for books). If you are not in the local Grantham area, you can still get books from the Messiah library; we will mail the book to your address. On the library webpage for online summer students, select the “Request Books” link. You are responsible for paying return postage to return the book; we highly recommend getting a receipt of your shipment so that you are not held responsible if the book is lost in the mail. You can also search Google Books (go to Google, select “More” in the top menu, and select “Books”). If you find a book that is relevant for your research, you may be able to read it online. You can also select the “Find This Book in a Library” link that is often in the right hand menu column. Google Books will list the nearest libraries that have the book, based on your geographic location. Depending on the library’s access policies, you may be able to go to that library and read the book there, or check out the book. Figure 11 – Google Books3. Retrieve Literature As a review about how to retrieve information: Databases for journal articles Go to the off-campus link. Enter your network userid and password and you should receive immediate access to the database. Contact me if this is a problem. - 13 -
  14. 14. Library Orientation Journal Articles (try accessing journal articles in this order): Download full-text if available in that database. Link to other databases if link is present (ie-Messiah College icon, Article Linker icon) Go to Periodicals List to find out if we own the journal Complete ILL form if we have the journal in print format only. We will scan and email it to you Complete ILL form (Library homepage, Interlibrary Loan link, ILLIAD) if we do not have the journal. The article will be emailed to you Books Search the library catalog or Google Books for relevant books Come to Messiah if you are nearby Request book online if we have it in our library. We will mail it to you Go to Google Books to find the book in a local library or to read the book online if possible Go to your local public library and request Interlibrary Loan service If you live in PA, you have access to many academic libraries through an agreement we have with them. Check this list on the library summer website.4. Evaluate SourcesRemember to evaluate all the sources you use. This is especially important in the realmof online information about alternative medicine. There are many websites with “bad”information about alternative therapies.Consider: 1. The source of the information. Is the author reliable? Is the author biased? 2. The purpose. Is the website trying to sell a product? 3. The date. As you know, medical information becomes outdated very quickly. 4. Common sense. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is!5. Prepare Annotated Bibliography using APA FormatThe library homepage contains information about creating annotated bibliographies andAPA format. For annotated bibliographies, Go to the NURS203 library webpage andselect “Preparing an Annotated Bibliography” link. For help with APA format, go to thelibrary homepage, and select “Citing Sources”. Please contact me with any questions about your research!!! I’m here to help! - 14 -

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