POP ART AND THE WORK OF WAYNE THIEBAUD. Oil Pastel drawings Three machines, 1963
Pop Art: A New ArIsIc Movement • What Is Pop Art? -‐The term Pop-‐Art was invented by BriIsh curator Lawrence Alloway in 1955, to describe a new form of "Popular" art -‐ a movement characterized by the imagery of consumerism and popular culture. -‐Challenged tradiIonal art through the use of the mass-‐produced popular culture could be considered “ﬁne art”. -‐ Removed the material from its context and isolates the object, or combines it with other objects, for contemplaIon. Floor Burger (1971) Claes Oldenburg Three Flags (1958) Jasper Johns
Pop Art History ConInued • Abstract Expressionism: This movement was the popular form of art at the Ime. (1950’s) • This school of art believed in “painterly” strokes and using ones subconscious to create work. • Pop Art reacted to this by playing on moIfs found in the visual culture. Instead of isolaIng oneself in the mind, pop arIsts synthesizd the commercial world and held the mirror up to it. Franz Klein Andy Warhol
Pop cont… • Thus they focused on the preoccupaIons shared by most American consumers: food, cars , death, and love. • Typically, this was achieved using brash, or saIrical, imagery with strong visual impact: ”we are holding the mirror up to "modern society”. • Pop-‐art was "the" post-‐war expression of a world wholly preoccupied the pursuit of materialism. Just what is it That Makes Today’s Homes so Diﬀerent, so Appealing? (1956) Richard Hamilton President Elect (1960) James Rosenquist
INFLUENECES OF POP• What invenIon was made available to the American home in 1950? • Hint: You all have one to this day in the home, and are frequent users of it… I’m guessing J Roy Lichtenstein
TELEVISION! • Television was a constant stream of images and commercials that had never been that close to the American people unIl this Ime. • Children now could watch cartoons in their home instead of just before movies. RocknRoll was streamed into homes, where now pop idols had a face with a voice.
More Pop Art Examples: Wham! (1963) Roy Lichtenstein Soj Toilet (1966) Claes Oldenburg Marilyn Monroe (1962) Andy Warhol James Rosenquist I Love You With My Ford 1961
Wayne Thiebaud: San Francisco Pop Artsist • Wayne Thiebaud (born November 15, 1920) is a Bay Area painter. • Most famous works are of cakes, pastries, toys and lipsIcks. • His last name is pronounced "Tee-‐bo." • He is associated with the Pop Art movement because of his interest in objects of mass culture. • Thiebaud uses heavy pigment and exaggerated colors to depict his subjects, and the well-‐deﬁned shadows characterisIc of adverIsements are almost always included in his work. • Wayne Thiebaud currently teachers at UC Davis. Boston Creams, Acrylic, 1969
Project DescripEon: Your challenge is to create your own POP-‐Art drawing in the style of Wayne Thiebaud or Andy Warhol. • OpEon #1: Using Oil Pastels as your medium you will choose a “mundane” object as the subject mamer and using repeIIon create your drawing. • OpEon # 2 Using a mirror or source photograph create a Wayne Thiebaud inspired drawing of a person or portrait. Remember to exaggerate your lights and darks and really try your best to draw without a grid. • OpEon # 3: Using the oil pastels draw a sIll life of a personal object under speciﬁc light “bring the object in class”. This object should have signiﬁcant meaning for you.
• Wayne Thiebaud incorporated bright and unexpected colors in his work. • Remember this when you draw and color you piece.
Remember SKETCHING comes ﬁrst. Please develop a concept sketch of your objects !
Oil Pastel coloring techniques • Select your subject:
Oil Pastel coloring techniques • Step 1: LIGHTLY draw the contour of your object, subject. • Do not shade with your pencil-‐ save that for the oil pastels.
Oil Pastel coloring techniques • Step 2: Looking at your object choose its MEDIUM color. • This is the color that is not the lightest or the darkest. • Color these medium tones in each part of your drawing. Use broad light strokes-‐ DO NOT press hard with the oil pastels at this point.
Oil Pastel coloring techniques • Step 3 : Choose diﬀerent light and dark tones. • Start lightly blocking in the light and darks. • This is why it is most important that you have a reference and not making it up. References take the guess work out of color choice. • DO NOT press hard yet with the pastels. Build up your service ﬁrst.
Oil Pastel coloring techniques • Step 4: Now, using your MEDIUM tone start blending your colors together. This means you can press hard with the pastels now. • Because we are working with POP Art style, feel free to squeeze in unexpected colors. • Ajer that press hard with your lights and darks to make your drawing richer! • You can also use your ﬁngers to smooth pigment together.
Here is a video demo too! • hmp://youtu.be/dUWCBsRaKxo • Have fun and be invenIve with color!