Project #2: Depth of Field & Texture
• Depth of Field (DOF): front-to-back zone
in a photograph where objects appear
• DOF is also known as “focus range”.
Large/Deep D.O.F. Small/Shallow D.O.F.
Depth of Field – The two types
What makes these two different?
Depth of Field
-Affected by Aperture (lens opening)
• Small / Shallow
• Large / Deep
Aperture = Amount of light
• On the iPhone, the aperture is a fixed size so this
can’t be used to change exposure.
• However, shutter speed and ISO can be altered to
manually adjust the exposure of a photo. (VSCO
DOF influenced by;
– Aperture size (opening in lens)
– Focal Length of the lens
– Distance between the lens and the focus point
Portrait Mode Landscape
Depth of field affected by
• How long shutter is open for determines how
much light reaches the sensor.
Iphone – Camera
TAP AND HOLD – to lock and manually focus on an area
Iphone – Camera - Exposure
Sun icon = Exposure
-Swipe up for more light
- automatically applies a
suitable shutter speed
and ISO setting to get the
exposure you want.
Exposure: determines the amount of light that reaches the
camera’s sensor, and therefore affects how bright or dark the
photo will be.
Depth of Field & Camera (Iphone)
Let’s try to capture a shallow depth of field
with your keyboard!
Part 1: Iphone/camera on phone
-Try similar angles (above & on right)
-Try auto focus and auto lock focus
Part II: Point and shoot cameras try both
Did you capture a focal range?
Did anyone need to adjust the exposure?
2nd part to this project -
Element of Art, TEXTURE
• The surface quality or
“feel” of an object.
• Smoothness, roughness,
Everything has a texture!
• Texture can be:
Warm Up #1: Shallow D.O.F. & Rough Texture
PART 1: Wed./Thurs. (In Class)
Take a 4 photos of 4 different rough
textures using a shallow depth of field.
1. 4 different objects with ROUGH texture.
1. Use a SHALLOW DEPTH OF FIELD, so
more of the image is in focus allowing
the textures to be emphasized.
*Distance from object effects the depth of field!
4. If comfortable, you can try adjusting ISO,
shutterspeed, and aperture. You can use the
VSCO app. to do this. We will focus more on
this in later classes.
Project #2: “Eye-catching”
- Shallow Depth of Field & Rough Texture
• Due on Tuesday, Sept. 6th
• PLEASE take these outside of school. I can usually tell
• Take 5 photos (or more) of using a shallow depth of field.
• Find objects that represent the element of art, texture. Focus
on rough textures only.
• The theme of the project is “eye-catching”. Take photographs of
object(s) that catch your eye. Of course, keep in mind you are
focusing on textures and shallow depth.
• Remember the rule of thirds! ie. Not centering the main