LIB 114 Emerging Technologies 2011


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A quick and fun overview of the some of the popular technologies and terminology for 2011.

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  • The 3 hottest mobile devices right now: The Palm Pre, iPhone 3Gs and the new Google Android phone all have browsers that are based off the  Webkit rendering engine . Semantic Web , a web of data that allow machines to understand that meaning of data or information written over the World Wide Web. Semantic web technologies are making new horizons for the web users. Semantic web data is a part of web data over World Wide Web which is able to process independently of application, domain or any platform. Data stored on webs in the form of documents that cannot be readable or understandable by the computers. User want to search something over the internet, search engine will display all the content whether relevant or irrelevant for user. User have to find again relevant data whereas, in semantic technologies computer reads the word or phrase searched a user using search engine and produce the specific relevant result by the means of artificial intelligence techniques. For permanent data storage  M-Disc  technology will be launched in the market soon for commercial purposes. It is a scratch proof disc and can store data for more than 1,000 years into a stone-like metals and metalloids. Normal CDs and DVDs face loss of data in humidity and in high temperature whereas M-Disc is capable to prevent loss of data in such conditions. M-Disc current available storage capacity is 4.78 GB DVD. It cannot be burn in normal writers, 5X stronger laser burners are required to burn M-Disc. But, can be read by normal DVD players as backward compatible technology is used. The idea that technology is moving beyond the personal  computer  to everyday devices with  embedded  technology and connectivity as  computing  devices become progressively smaller and more powerful. Also called  ubiquitous computing , pervasive computing is the result of computer  technology advancing at exponential speeds -- a trend toward all man-made and some natural products having  hardware  and  software . Pervasive computing goes beyond the realm of personal  computers : it is the idea that almost any device, from clothing to tools to appliances to cars to homes to the human body to your coffee mug, can be imbedded with  chips  to connect the device to an infinite network of other devices. The goal of pervasive computing, which combines current network technologies with wireless computing,  voice recognition ,  Internet  capability and  artificial intelligence , is to create an environment where the connectivity of devices is embedded in such a way that the connectivity is unobtrusive and always available. Three years ago, the smartphone “boom” was still an uncertain possibility. Today, we are surrounded by a society of smart phone addicts who live as if their lives cannot continue without instant, mobile access to the web, e-mail, and apps for every occasion. Mobile devices have come a long way in just three short years, and now support a wide range of useful features beyond making phone calls. For location-challenged individuals like myself, geolocation is one of the most useful additions.
  • Cloud computing  is the delivery of  computing  as a  service rather than a  product , whereby shared resources, software, and information are provided to computers and other devices as a  utility  (like the  electricity grid ) over a  network  (typically the  Internet ). - Apple Cloud Music service “iCloud”
  • Infographics are traditionally viewed as visual elements such as signs, charts, maps, or diagrams that aid comprehension of a given text-based content. Often more powerful than words or imagery alone, infographics utilize visual elements of design and words to convey a message in such a way that context, meaning and understanding are transcended to the observer in a manner not previously experienced. However, visual representation of information can be more than just the manner in which we are able to record what has been discovered by other means. They have the potential to become the process by which we can discern new meaning and discover new knowledge.
  • Web GL extends the capability of the  JavaScript  programming language to allow it to generate interactive  3D graphics within any compatible  web browser . WebGL code executes on a computer display card's  Graphics Processing Unit  (GPU), which must support  shader  rendering. WebGL is a context of the  canvas  HTML element that provides a 3D computer graphics  API  without the use of  plug-ins . [2]  The specification was released as version 1.0 on March 3, 2011. [1]  WebGL is managed by the  non-profit   Khronos Group .
  • Anything Social in terms of networking is big! Meta tools that publish to several social sites These days almost all newly popular social tools apparently support Facebook, Twitter,  LinkedIn  and the likes.  Amplify ,  Sendible ,  or  Sprout Social  are just a few of useful examples I’ve tested recently. As you will notice they come from different directions but tackle the problem of reaching all your friends and followers on different platforms.
  • Twitter is a free social networking and micro-blogging service that allows users to send "updates" (text-based posts, up to 140 characters long) via SMS, instant messaging, email, to the Twitter website, or an application such as Twitterrific. Twitter was founded in March 2006 by San Francisco start-up company Obvious Corp. In April 2007, Obvious, LLC spun off the service as a separate entity under the name Twitter, Inc. with Jack Dorsey as CEO. The company surpassed 200 million tweets per day  in June but has since jumped to nearly 250 million daily tweets. The growth has been tremendous: Twitter had around 100 million tweets per day in January 2011. 5 ways to use wordpress for mobiel blogging Twitter Study tracks are moods – New York Times -
  • I googled the term podcasting the other day and found 24 million hits. It’s become a very popular term, but I don’t know how many people know what it really is. So let’s begin with a general description or definition of what podcasting is. The difference between an audio file and a podcast – is the “cast” part – what really makes it a podcast is the ability to broadcast a series of audio files (or video files (called vodcasts) to wide audience. These terms are from wikipedia and O’Reilly Technology
  • A basic podcast contains only audio and is the easiest to create and listen to. Other types of podcast: An enhanced podcast has both audio and slides (like a narrated PowerPoint presentation on the Web). A vodcast (or video podcast) contains video and audio and is the most difficult to create and view. Let’s look at iTunes to bring down the anatomy of a podcast. You can think of a podcast like a CD. The author can put out multiple CD’s, the author(s) can have multiple podcasts. The podcast has title or “Album” name. The podcast description is an overall paragraph of what the podcast is about. Then you can have the Category, if your podcast falls in a specific category, like education or educational technology (more specific). The episodes in a podcast are kind of like the tracks on the CD. Now each episode (the episode is the recorded mp3 file that you add to the podcast) has a name, the artist or author and “albulm” name or podcast that it belongs to is going to stay the same. Each episode also has it’s own description.
  • The steps of creating a new podcast – how a podcast is born. After these initial steps, the user will only need to create additional episodes (an mp3 file) and upload it the proper location and depending on the method used to create the podcast, they may have to make some additonal changes to their webpage or xml file for the new episode.
  • Also called agregators iTunes can only subscribe to audio/ video feeds – some feeds “when you see the RSS icon are for text based feeds. Some of these other podcatchers can also take text based feeds. Google is an example – I really like google homepage – log-in to your google account, set-up your igoogle page and then go to any web page, click on the rss feed icon – it’ll ask you if you want to use google homepage or reader – you can put podcast, vodcast, and text/ blog feeds on your google page. Odeo – netvibes – these are web-based podcatcher solutions – listen and manage your podcast anywhere where there’s internet connection/ netvibes can also manage text feeds – myPodder – web-based – allow you to download podcast episodes to an mp3 player
  • computer visualization in real time
  • – low-cost/ low-power $35 tablet - ISlate
  • visual computing, secure computing, cloud computing and embedded computing
  • Graphic from
  • LIB 114 Emerging Technologies 2011

    1. 1. Emerging Web Technologies Showcase October 2011
    2. 2. Emerging Web Technologies <ul><li>Think Mobile First! </li></ul><ul><li>HTML 5 (webkit rendering engine) (CSS 3) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>geo-location: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User-Experience/ UI/ Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic Web - group of methods and technologies to allow machines to understand the meaning - or &quot;semantics&quot; - of information on the World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 – Interactive, customized (“RSS,” “Push”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pervasive Computing </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intel has 5 R & D centers </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does it matter? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is using it? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s coming? </li></ul>
    4. 4. The “Cloud” <ul><li>Cloud computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Services and data stored “up there” that can be synched and accessed across all devices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Kindle app, Google apps, Apple iCloud, Ms SkyDrive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Virtual servers (utility computing) </li></ul><ul><li>Accessing applications and services through the web – hosted “somewhere” else </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SaaS – Software as a service – provider maintains, hosts application on their servers – users pay fee (usually based on user accounts) to access the application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adobe Subscription series </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Infographics <ul><li>Data visualization </li></ul><ul><li>King of data visualization is Edward Tufte </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video about infographics from design firm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video infographics (animated/narrated) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Search Engines <ul><li>Alternatives to Google </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using Google differently </li></ul><ul><li>Customized Search Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SEO – Search Engine Optimization </li></ul>
    7. 7. Web Multimedia <ul><li>HTML 5 Canvas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allows for dynamic, scriptable rendering of 2D shapes and bitmap images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HTML 5 Video </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WebGL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web-based Graphics Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Bookcase , Zygote body </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    8. 8. Social Networking <ul><li>A social structure (in terms of the web (network) a technology, service, web site, application) that connects individuals, groups or companies. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is becoming social! (Think Mobile First) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social shopping, social health, social eating, social couponing… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meta Tools that publish to multiple social sites (Amplify, Sprout) </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook – social networking web site launched in 2004, originally private to college email addresses. Opened to everyone Sept.06. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>800 million active users – more than 50% log in on any given day </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google+ (40 million + users) </li></ul><ul><li>Linkedin </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Microblogging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile blogging /moblogging/mblogging </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are you doing/ thinking – in 140 characters or less (include urls, pics, video) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power is in the network (following, followers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real time/ live/ instant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource sharing, 24/7 access to experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has it’s own language (see twitter help or google “twitter glossary”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tons of twitter tools, add-ons, apps, gadgets… </li></ul></ul>Twitter Has 100 Million Monthly Active Users; 50% Log In Every Day
    10. 10. Social Bookmarking <ul><li>A method for Internet users to share, organize, search, and manage bookmarks of web resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Live in the “cloud,” accessible via the web, personalized with an account. Remember webpages you’ve visited, share your webpages or keep them private, organize them, tag them </li></ul><ul><li>delicious diigo </li></ul>
    11. 11. Interactive/ Collaborative <ul><li>Google Docs – suite of online tools that allow you to upload, create, modify, share documents, presentations, spreadsheets </li></ul><ul><li>Zoho – Project Management, Collaboration & Issue Tracking software – free version </li></ul><ul><li> – web based word processor people can collaborate live on </li></ul><ul><li>Voicethread – interactive presentation tool, collaborative users add audio, video and text comments </li></ul><ul><li> - video/audio/ photo shows </li></ul>
    12. 12. Podcasting <ul><li>Collection of digital media files that are distributed over the internet using syndication feeds (rss). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ iPod” and “broadcast” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or Portable-On-Demand broadcasting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distinguished from other digital media formats by its ability to be syndicated, subscribed to, and downloaded automatically when new content is added, using an aggregator or feed reader </li></ul>
    13. 13. The Anatomy of a Podcast Name of the Podcast Category Description of Podcast Episode Name (the recorded mp3 file) Episode Description
    14. 14. Record Audio MP3 Upload to server (this may be done through a blog or podcasting website) webpage for Podcast (this may also be done through a blog or podcasting website) XML File RSS technology uses xml to subscribe to podcast People use their chosen podcatcher to subscribe to a Podcast Podcatcher uses RSS to listen for any new episodes
    15. 15. Podcatchers Standard Feed Icon (Add your podcast feed to Juice ) (Add your podcast feed to my Podder )               (Add your feed to My Yahoo! )                 (Add your feed to Google Homepage / Google Reader )               (Add your feed to Newsgator )         (Add your feed to Rojo )                (Add your feed to Newsburst )               (Add your feed to My AOL )               (Add your feed to FeedLounge )               (Add your feed to Netvibes )             (Add your feed to Bloglines )               (Add your feed to The Free Dictionary )               (Add your feed to a Bitty Browser )                (Add your feed to Plusmo )               (Add your feed to NewsAlloy )               (Add your feed to Excite MIX )                 (Add your feed to netomat Hub )               (Add your feed to fwicki )              (Add your feed to flurry )               (Add your feed to ZapTXT )              (Add your podcast feed to ODEO )               (Add your podcast feed to podnova )              (Add your podcast feed to Podcast Ready )               (Add your podcast feed to Pageflakes )       Subscribe in a reader
    16. 16. Vodcasting <ul><li>Video podcast (sometimes shortened to vidcast or vodcast) is a term used for the online delivery of video on demand video clip content via Atom or RSS enclosures. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires video camera, video editing software </li></ul><ul><li>Requires more bandwidth to store files </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. On-Demand Streaming Media <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    18. 18. Streaming Live Media <ul><li>Got a web cam? You’re a broadcaster… </li></ul><ul><li> - live broadcast streamed on internet </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    19. 19. Video <ul><li>Real-Time Automated Image Processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to improve face-detection (facebook is working on auto-detection of members in photos) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auto-focusing/ deblurring high-def video capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-detection/ tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HD video processing at 60 fps </li></ul><ul><li>High Definition Reality video and photography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>build video-processing circuitry into their processors. </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Mobile <ul><li>Smartphones!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A study by Nielsen projects 1 in 2 American mobile phone user to own a smartphone by the Christmas season next year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apple, Droid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many companies are creating their own app market places, they set the standards of what is in their market place </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon, Verizon </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More and more technologies will take advantage of apps, ipad, tablets, gaming systems, ereaders, AppleTV, GoogleTV </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Tablets! <ul><li>Tablets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iPad3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samsung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cisco Cius </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon Kindle Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon Silk browser (cloud) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Operating Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windows 8 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Android Honeycomb </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apple iOS </li></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 22. RFID <ul><li>Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a generic term that is used to describe a system that transmits the identity (in the form of a unique serial number) of an object or person wirelessly, using radio waves. It's grouped under the broad category of automatic identification technologies . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID in shopping hangers - When you pick up an article, the tag triggers one of the large screens above the rack to display fashion-shoot pics of the article you selected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID Edible Tags - enable reader devices like smart plates, smart fridges or your average smartphone to tell you all kinds of useful things about your foods; when they’re going bad, how far they traveled to get to your table, when you’re getting low on supplies, how many calories it contains, when you’re about to eat something you’re deathly allergic to. </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. QR Codes <ul><li>Quick Response Codes </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix or barcode readable by mobile phones with camera and smart phones </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    24. 24. Augmented Reality <ul><li>Live direct or indirect view of physical real-world environment whose elements are augmented by virtual computer-generated imagery (mediated reality), Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Wikitude World Browser on the iPhone 3GS uses GPS and a solid state compass
    25. 25. Augmented Reality <ul><li>Smart Phone Apps that “see” physical location and supplement with digital offerings. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Layar: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3D Movies, Televisions </li></ul><ul><li>Gaming Systems (kinnect) </li></ul><ul><li>Medical and Educational Application of Augmented Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Augmented Reality Browser– YouTube video </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising - </li></ul>
    26. 26. Cellular Networks <ul><li>WiFi – wireless local are network </li></ul><ul><li>MiFi - a type of compact wireless router that serves as a mobile Wi-Fi hotspot (back-connecting to cellular data network/ front-connect to wi-fi device) </li></ul><ul><li>3G – 3 rd generation of cellular (wireless) telephony standards (network improved) </li></ul><ul><li>4G - 4 th gen – upgrade of mobile network </li></ul>
    27. 27. Pervasive Computing <ul><li>&quot;The next generation of pervasive  computing  systems will continuously learn environments, objects, schedules and preferences of their users. These future apps will be capable of supporting complex tasks such as cooking a soufflé or building a complicated piece of furniture. Consumers will have a far richer experience than the technologies of today can offer and will be able to spend far more time achieving their goals than figuring out how to make the technology work,&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limor Fix, Intel's director of academic programs and research. </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Emerging Technologies Librarian <ul><li>Did ya’ know this is an actual position? </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OpenURL, Metadata, OAI, MARC, Dublin Core and Web 2.0 principles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  proficiency with XML, XHTML, and XSLT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strong knowledge of HTML5 and Javascript. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pay particular attention to emerging trends </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advances in application of information technologies </li></ul></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Keeping Up <ul><li>Follow expert blogs and websites with an aggregator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iGoogle, netvibes (there are tons of mobile apps for this) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a PLN: twitter, Google+, Facebook Like Pages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use # tags on twitter to follow current conferences and events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Itunes (several other apps) for podcasts, vodcasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> , </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Use a project manager/note-keeper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should be “cloud” based so you can sync on all devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evernote – use it multiple ways, online website, add on to Firefox, mobile device, desktop app, capture website, images, notes, etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social bookmarks, wiki or blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>create your own collection of websites and share w/ others </li></ul></ul>Image credit: “nptechtag”; cambodia4kidsorg’s photostream:
    30. 30. A few good articles… <ul><li>How infographics are made </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>RFID </li></ul><ul><li>SXSW Notes: QR Codes Are Everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Designing an infinite digital bookcase: </li></ul><ul><li>JWT Intelligence 2011 and beyond: </li></ul><ul><li>Turning any surface into a touch screen: </li></ul><ul><li>Low Cost Tablet: </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter Study Tracks When We Are </li></ul>
    31. 31. Resources <ul><li>Google Books - </li></ul><ul><li>Read Blogging for Dummies on Google Books </li></ul><ul><li>Educause Series, Seven Things You Should Know About…. </li></ul><ul><li>3M Library Systems Current Technology </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Watson </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Review (Published by MIT) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech&Learning Online Magazine: </li></ul><ul><li>Mashable Top Stories </li></ul><ul><li>Google Mobile Blog </li></ul><ul><li>TechCrunch </li></ul>