Introduction This PowerPoint will be about the different types of graphic files and formats, these are: Raster files Vector files Metafiles File extensions
Raster files Raster files are digital images that use pixels, this means the image is made up of lots of tiny little squares that each have their own colour. If you were to zoom into a raster image, it would become distorted and illegible, allowing you to view the little squares. You can edit raster files with computer software such as painter, Photoshop MS paint and GIMP. Raster file are more likely to be photos rather than computer graphic designed images. Coloursare constructed by adding the values of red green and blue. An advantage of Raster files is that you can use photos and manipulate them in raster editors such as Photoshop.
Raster Files I have used raster files whilst making my mixmag front cover. The main image on the front cover is a Raster file and I edited it on Photoshop as it is an advanced raster graphic editor and allows me to manipulate raster files. When I changed the colour of the onesie there were some pixels which didn’t change so I had to zoom in and change the squares individually. This was originally brown.
Vector Files Vector graphics are based on mathematical expressions that use lines, curves, shapes or polygons to represent images in computer graphics. Each Vector editing software has its own file format, however EPS and SVG are the primary vector formats for exchange. EPS is more commonly used in printing, while SVG was designed for Web use. Vector graphics are unlike raster graphics appear smooth at the edges no matter how they are sized, whereas raster graphics appear jagged, or pixilated, when up-scaled. The disadvantage of a Vector graphic is that if scaled down to much then parts of it like lines will disappear.
Vector Files Here is an example of a Vector graphic that I used in my mixmag cover. I used this because it was easier to re-size without it going pixilated as it is smooth. I created it on Adobe Illustrator and then saved it as a .EPS file extension.
Metafiles Metafiles are a type file that can contain both Vector and Raster graphics. Windows Metafiles are intended to be portable between applications and may contain both vector graphics and Raster components. A file format and extension of a metafile is windows metafile (.WMF) The advantages of a Metafile are that you can combine both raster and vector graphics into the one document making your final product much better that just using one or the other. The disadvantages of Metafiles is that if they are not exported correctly they can become corrupt and you lose it.
How i created a Metafile To create a metafile I first had to make a vector graphic in adobe illustrator I then dragged it into photoshop Finally I saved the document as a .WMFwhich is a suitable metafile format
File Extensions File extensions are the format that a file is being saved as. This depends on the different software you are using If you were using word you would save your document as .Doc or .Docx In terms of graphics the common file extension of a Raster file is .JPEG or .BITMAP The common file extension for a Vector graphic would be .EPS These are the types of file extensions I used when making my mixmag magazine. Also I used .PSD .IID
Examples of file extensions I usedI used this file extension so I could put my VIPpages into a different format than InDesign so Icould print it off.This is .PSD which is the standard Photoshopfile extension. I used this for my front cover tomanipulate my images.This is .WMFwhich is a file extension for a Metafileformat, this was so I could have both vectorgraphics and raster in the same document. I usedthis so my cover could contain raster and vector.And finally this is .JPG which is the fileextension for a JPEG image which is a rasterfile. I used this file extension when usingimages for my front cover and VIP page.