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106 i tandscm


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106 i tandscm

  1. 1. IT and purchasing
  2. 2. Supply chain <ul><li>Network of organizations that are involved, through upstream and downstream linkages, in the different processes and activities that produce value in the form of products and services in the hands of the consumer (Pg 91) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Supply chain management <ul><li>Integrating and managing business processes across the supply chain (Pg 95) </li></ul>
  4. 4. SCM enablers (Pg 97) <ul><li>Organizational infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic alliances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Customers, suppliers, logistics-service providers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HRM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. IT & Internet (Pg 99) <ul><li>Connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Responsiveness </li></ul>
  6. 6. E-procurement (Pg 186) <ul><li>Using Internet to purchases or services following the buying processes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requisition against agreed contract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Receipt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Payment </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Benefits of e-procurement (Handouts) <ul><li>Efficiency - Lower transaction cost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. reduce from $XX to $YY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speed - Shorter order cycle time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. reduce from 1 week to 2 days </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accuracy - Higher compliance levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase from xx% to yy% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Optimization - Lower inventories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Reduce from xx% to yy% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Saving - Lower price </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. reduce by x % </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Discuss <ul><li>What are the advantages of e-procurement? (Page 205) </li></ul>
  9. 9. E-catalogues <ul><li>Web page that provide product information (Pg 195) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Discuss <ul><li>What are the advantages of e-catalogues? </li></ul>
  11. 11. E-marketplace <ul><li>Buyers are in control to evaluate various supplies in open market (Pg 194) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Discuss <ul><li>What are the advantages of E-marketplace? </li></ul>
  13. 13. E-auction <ul><li>Reversed auctions – (Pg 199) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the buyer posts the item he wish to buy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The suppliers compete to offer the best price </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Discuss <ul><li>What are the advantages of e-auctions? </li></ul>
  15. 15. E-payment (Pg 204)
  16. 16. Discuss <ul><li>What are the advantages of e-payment? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the limitation of e-payment? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Discuss <ul><li>Suggest ways in which IT can be utilized to enhance IBM ‘Supply Chain Management’ efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State briefly the importance of applying IT application to business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Propose ways ( 4-5 ways) in which IT can be used and enhance IBM supply chain management efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. e-procurment, e-catalogues etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul></ul>