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Psy492 M7 A2 Slide Show Presentation


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Adults in Intimate Relationships That Have Been in an Incestuous Relationship as a Child

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Psy492 M7 A2 Slide Show Presentation

  1. 1. Innocence LostIncest and Adult Intimate Relationships<br />Beth A. Strickland<br />April 19, 2010<br />Advanced General Psychology PSY492 XD<br />Argosy University<br />
  2. 2. Abstract<br />What are the effects of intimate relationships of those who have been incest as children? <br />Low Self-Esteem<br />Self-Knowing<br />Confidence<br />Physical effects<br />Mental effects<br />Emotional effects<br />Intimate relationships<br />
  3. 3. My Inspiration<br />estimates that 1,000,000 Americans are victims of father-daughter incest, and 16,000 new cases occur annually <br />Incest (a form of sexual abuse) is done by a familiar loved one<br />Studies conclude that 43 percent (43%) of the children who are abused are abused by family members, 33 percent (33%) are abused by someone they know, and the remaining 24 percent (24%) are sexually abused by strangers <br />“For the beautiful child I was, I grieve. For the loss and betrayal of my innocence, I grieve. For the butterflies I never chased, for the softballs I never hit ... for the little child who didn't enjoy life ... for the death of my spirit, for all these things, I grieve.” (Sofka, Carla J., 1998)<br />
  4. 4. What is Incest?<br />By Law: Incest is generally defined as sexual intercourse between individuals who are too closely related to marry. <br />Psychological: Incest refers to sexual contact with a person who would be considered an ineligible partner because of his blood and/or social ties to the subject and her family.<br />
  5. 5. Harsh Realities of Incest<br />physical and psychological trauma in the form of the actual sexual experiences, including violation of one’s body<br />extended periods of apprehension, guilt, and fear between sexual contacts<br />the loss of a trusted relationship with an emotionally significant person<br />
  6. 6. Different Points of Development When Being Sexual Abused<br />Infancy and toddlerhood: is the first development stage where a child discovers the world of people and the sense of right and wrong<br />Preschool years ages 2-5: At this stage feelings of guilt and shame begin to develop<br />Childhood: Childhood brings the stage of puberty and the sense of being human, as well self-criticism and awareness of feelings like shame and pride are more evident<br />Adolescents: The most salient aspect of developmental changes in adolescence is the onset of puberty and emerging sexuality<br />Early and middle adulthood : With this stage of development it is difficult to pinpoint a specific of sequences of events that mark adult social development, and the transitions in adulthood appear more self-directed than the transition of childhood <br />
  7. 7. Continuing Research: Age at Onset<br />Age at onset is described as age at which incest began, usually categorized as pre-or post puberty<br />Many researchers believe that the age of onset can predict the severity of aftereffects and what severe repercussions can be caused<br />The younger age at onset was indicative of more severe aftereffects<br />The older age at onset was the opposite, older age of onset caused more severe repercussions<br />
  8. 8. Conclusion<br />Victims of incest are often young at heart when their predator violates their rights of a normal childhood life<br />Whether an incest victim endured an isolated incident of abuse or ongoing assaults over an extended period of time, the process of recovery can be exceptionally painful and difficult.<br />Depending on the age of which incest occurs it can determine the way they will respond in adult relationships<br />Age of onset can predict the aftereffects of how the victim of incest deals with everyday occurrences of social, psychological, physical, sexual, family relations, self-esteem and relations with men and women while attempting to have a normal adulthood<br />