Investigation Of Media Law Online


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Investigation Of Media Law Online

  1. 1. Investigation of Media Law Online:Libel Online<br />Bastian Steineck<br />JOUR3500-001 // Dr. Jin Yang<br />Final project<br />Fall of 2009<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br /><ul><li> Bibliography (APA style)
  3. 3. Eight questions that relate to Libel on the Internet
  4. 4. Student interviews
  5. 5. Important legal case: Zeran v. AOL, 1997 </li></li></ul><li>Bibliography<br />Printed books<br /><ul><li> Collins, Dr. M. (2001). The law of defamation and the Internet. </li></ul> Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 3-92.<br /><ul><li>Ferrera, G. R. et al. (2001). Cyberlaw: Text and cases. </li></ul> Australia; Cincinnati, Ohio: West/Thomson Learning, 248-263.<br /><ul><li> Goldstein, N. (2002). Associated Press stylebook and briefing on media law: With Internet guide and glossary. Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus. Fully rev. and updated, 338-340.
  6. 6. Shariff, S. (2009). Confronting Cyber-bullying: What schools need to know to control misconduct and avoid legal consequences. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1-98.
  7. 7.  Solove, D. J. (2007). The future of reputation: Gossip, rumor, and privacy on</li></ul> the Internet. New Haven: Yale University Press. Electronic Resource. <br />
  8. 8. Bibliography<br />Online articles<br /><ul><li> Johnson, A. & Griggs, I. (March 29, 2009). Love‘s online spatsparksfirstTwitterlibelsuit. Retrieved*</li></ul>from<br /><ul><li>Laubscher, K. (November 20, 2009). Libellawsshouldapplytosocialnetworks. Retrieved* from</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Tsostsis, A. (May 15, 2009). Re-Tweet Legal: New Media. Retrieved* from</li></ul><br /><ul><li> Puppy poo girl (June 30, 2005). Retrieved* from </li></ul><br /><ul><li> Vance, E.. Libel online. Retrieved* from </li></ul><br />*All online articles retrieved December 5, 2009.<br /> <br /> <br />
  9. 9. Libel on the Internet<br />“Libel means injury to reputation. […] Words, pictures, cartoons, photo <br />captions and headlines can all give a rise to a claim for libel. ” [AP stylebook (2002), 339)]<br /><ul><li> How may the Internet’s special features influence “cyber libel”?
  10. 10. How does the “Norm Police” use libel for vigilantism?
  11. 11. What applies for linking and framing?
  12. 12. What happens if it is an unintentional publication?
  13. 13. Who are typical perpetrators and victims?
  14. 14. Who might be liable?
  15. 15. Does libel occur on Twitter?
  16. 16. How do blogs deal with libel? How is the legal situation?</li></li></ul><li>Five-word features of the Web<br /><ul><li> Geographical indeterminacy
  17. 17. Unique number of Internet intermediaries
  18. 18. Republication
  19. 19. Hyperlinks
  20. 20. Each access is a “new” publication</li></li></ul><li>The Internet “Norm Police”<br /><ul><li> “Dog-shit-girl”
  21. 21. A victim of “cyber-posse, tracking down norm violators” who didn’t deserve any privacy anymore
  22. 22. People harness the power of the Internet to enforce norms => vigilantism</li></li></ul><li>Linking and framing<br /><ul><li> Providing a link makes you a publisher</li></ul>BUT<br /><ul><li> Linking does not repeat or republish the defamation but guides towards the defamatory content
  23. 23. The original author will be liable in respect of all publications of that page</li></li></ul><li>Unintentional publications<br /><ul><li> Should the publication have been anticipated?
  24. 24. Interception of private e-mails
  25. 25. Interception of business e-mails
  26. 26. Hackers</li></li></ul><li>Perpetrators and victims<br /><ul><li> Ethnic background and religion
  27. 27. Outward appearance
  28. 28. “Victim cleverness”
  29. 29. Adolescent girls increasingly as active instigators</li></li></ul><li>Responsibilities<br /><ul><li> Primary liability: author/ editor/ publisher</li></ul>Vicarious liability at work<br /><ul><li> Second liability: printer, distributor, ISP</li></ul>Repeating/ republishing persons<br /><ul><li> Contribution</li></li></ul><li>Libel @ Twitter<br /><ul><li> Courtney Love vs. Dawn Simorangkir
  30. 30. “Nasty, lyin’, hosebag thief”
  31. 31. Re-Tweeting
  32. 32. Twitteris not responsible – unless</li></ul>theyplay an activeeditorialrole<br />
  33. 33. Libel @ Blogs<br /><ul><li> judged by the same standards as professionals
  34. 34. “I hate Kristen’s movie”</li></ul>Vs.<br /><ul><li> “I think it was Kristen who hacked into the school’s protected computer system”</li></li></ul><li>Student Interviews<br />Questions<br /><ul><li> Is the Internet more dangerous in terms of distributing libel than the “real world”?
  35. 35. How far should blogs be allowed to go?
  36. 36. Who should be responsible in the case of republication/ repeating?</li></li></ul><li>Student Interviews<br />Students<br /><ul><li>Thuyvi Vo (Business)
  37. 37. Neil Turner (Journalism)
  38. 38. Anna Coleman (English)
  39. 39. Ali Boone (Advertising)</li></li></ul><li>Student Interviews<br />Findings<br /><ul><li> “You put something out there and it goes everywhere.”
  40. 40. “Watch the Freedom of Speech!”
  41. 41. “As long as you put it up, there’s some degree of libel.”</li></li></ul><li>Kenneth M. Zeran vs. AOL, Inc. (1997) <br /><ul><li> “Naughty Oklahoma T-Shirts” => libeling post
  42. 42. Zeran sued AOL for defamation
  43. 43. as a distributor, AOL is liable for its distributed material
  44. 44. complain got dismissed by the Court of Virginia:</li></ul>“no provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as a publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider”<br />