On vector looking forward


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Past and Future of R&E networks and Cyber-infrastructure

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On vector looking forward

  1. 1. 10 years ago<br />Three major issues:<br />Very hierarchical IP networks<br />Limited ability to innovate or support high end users<br />Supporting high science users on campus<br />Firewalls, misconfigs, limited bandwidth <br />Heterogeneous independent customer owned fiber networks<br />But how do you build end to end solutions from independent federated networks?<br />
  2. 2. Regional<br />Today’s (2001) hierarchical IP network<br />Other national networks<br />National or Pan-Nationl IP Network<br />NREN A<br />NREN C<br />NREN B<br />NREN D<br />University<br />
  3. 3. Regional<br />Tomorrow’s peer to peer federated optical networks<br />World<br />World<br />National DWDM<br />Open Lightpath Exchanges<br />Child<br />Lightpaths<br />NREN B<br />NREN A<br />NREN C<br />NREN D<br />Child <br />Lightpaths<br />University<br />Server<br />
  4. 4. Thanks to GLIF and LHCONE<br />Our vision for optical lightpath exchanges (GOLEs) is now becoming a reality<br />LHCONE will drive this new network reality<br />Hierarchical IP R&E networks will not disappear – but will be complemented by direct optical connections through GLIF and GOLEs especially for eScience<br />
  5. 5. Carleton University<br />Campus CWDM<br />University<br />Global<br />Physics<br />Network<br />10G<br />Internet<br />Physics<br />Department<br />1G<br />NREN<br />1G<br />Main campus<br />Network<br />Eucalyptus*<br />Design <br />Network<br />Border<br />Router<br />Firewall<br />1G<br />Research<br />Testbed<br />10G<br />School of Architecture<br />Engineering Telecom<br />*Will connect to UCLA Architecture and Optiputer<br />
  6. 6. University of British Columbia<br />CANARIE DWDM<br />Switch at UBC<br />Tier 2<br />University<br />Global<br />Physics<br />Network<br />1G<br />Tier 1<br />CERN<br />5G<br />Internet<br />TRIUMF<br />1G<br />BCnet<br />Main campus<br />Network<br />1G<br />Health <br />Network<br />Border<br />Router<br />Firewall<br />1G<br />3G<br />3D HDTV to<br />McGill<br />Research Hospital<br />Engineering Telecom<br />
  7. 7. ESnet Science DMZ<br />
  8. 8. GENI and UCLP <br />Instrument<br />GRIM WS<br />Parent<br />Lightpath<br />WS<br />Substrate Router<br />Substrate<br />Switch<br />GMPLS<br />Daemon WS<br />Child Lightpath WS<br />(may run over IP<br />Ethernet, MPLS, etc<br />Virtual<br />Router<br />WS<br />Wireless Sensor<br />Network<br />Timeslice<br />WS<br />CRC-i2CAT-Inocybe-UofO<br />
  9. 9. Creating Federated Networks<br />Multi-Domain APN<br />Partitioned Node<br />Pass Through Node<br />Multi-Domain APN<br />Domain A<br />Domain B<br />Domain C<br />
  10. 10. CRC-i2CAT-Inocybe-UofO<br />UCLP==OpenFlow?<br />
  11. 11. GreenStar –Clouds and Virtualization<br />http://www.greenstarnetwork.com/<br /><ul><li> Distributed computing architectures, applications, grids, clouds, Web services, virtualization, dematerialization, remote instrumentation and sensors, etc.
  12. 12. Share infrastructure & maximize lower cost power by “following wind & sun” networks.
  13. 13. Develop benchmarking tools to earn CO2 offset dollars for university and ICT department</li></li></ul><li>GreenStar Network<br />World’s first zero carbon network<br />Nodes in Ireland, USA Spain and Belgium to be added shortly<br />http://www.greenstarnetwork.com/<br />
  14. 14. What are the major future challenges and opportunities?<br />Universities are under increasing financial pressure <br />Need to reduce costs across the board including fees to eScience infrastructure<br />IT energy consumption 20-40%<br />Increasing demand for more eScience research and applications<br />Increasing demand for nation wide mobile seamless services especially for personal health applications <br />Very little disaster planning, especially from climate change<br />
  15. 15. My predictions -1<br />R&E networks will need to partner with industry and campus IT to develop solutions for eScience and general IP to reduce staff workload and energy costs<br />Campus IT don’t have technical resources or budget to deal with DNSESC, IPv6, eScience<br />Ottawa University recently contract with Bell Canada for management of their 3500 Hotspots<br />Federated optical network linking GOLEs will be dominant network architecture (perhaps based on OpenFLOW<br />
  16. 16. My predictions -2<br />Climate change is a real and present threat<br />We are on the cusp of major climatic disruption<br />ICT has become the heavy industry of the information age<br />CO2 emissions from ICT exceed smelters, steel mills and cement plants<br />Continuing dramatic growth rate<br />Energy efficiency is not enough<br />We don’t have enough time to reduce emissions through energy efficiency<br />We have seen from Dallas Thorton’s presentation we can achieve 75% reduction in energy costs and 100% reduction in CO2 emissions by relocating data centers to colder climates<br />This represents tens if not hundreds of millions of dollars in annual savings<br />Energy efficiency will never achieve this<br />ICT represents 20-40% of electrical energy consumption at a university<br />We need to find solutions so that money spent on energy consumption can be redirected to support research and education<br />