Alan Crosswell Canarie20090304


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  • 03/16/08
  • Alan Crosswell Canarie20090304

    1. 1. Green Data Center project Alan Crosswell 02/24/09
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>The Data Center Status Quo </li></ul><ul><li>Future State Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Our NYSERDA Advanced Concepts Datacenter proposal </li></ul>02/24/09
    3. 3. The Data Center Status Quo <ul><li>Architectural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built in 1963, updated somewhat in the 1980's. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5000 sf (465 m^2) raised floor machine room space. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1750 sf (163 m^2) raised floor space, now offices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12” raised floor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate support spaces nearby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Staff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Staging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical & fire suppression </li></ul></ul></ul>02/24/09
    4. 4. The Data Center Status Quo (cont'd) ‏ <ul><li>Electrical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply: 3-phase 208V from automatic transfer switch. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution: 208V to wall-mounted panels; 120V to most servers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No central UPS; lots of rack-mounted units. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generator: 1750 kW shared with other users. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At capacity. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No metering. (Spot readings every decade or so:-) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT demand load tripled from 2001-2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2001: 107 kVA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2008: 335 kVA </li></ul></ul></ul>02/24/09
    5. 5. The Data Center Status Quo (cont'd) ‏ <ul><li>Mechanical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On floor CRAC units served by campus chilled water. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also served by backup glycol dry coolers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplements a central overhead chilled air system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat load is shared between the overhead and CRAC. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No hot/cold aisles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rows are in various orientations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due to tripling of demand load, the backup (generator-powered) CRAC units lack sufficient capacity. </li></ul></ul>02/24/09
    6. 6. The Data Center Status Quo (cont'd) ‏ <ul><li>IT systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A mix of mostly administrative (non-research) systems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most servers dual-corded 120V power input. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many ancient servers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due to lack of room UPS, each rack has UPSes taking up 30-40% of the space. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of spaghetti in the racks and under the floor. </li></ul></ul>02/24/09
    7. 7. The Data Center Status Quo (cont'd) ‏ <ul><li>Other data centers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many small school, departmental & research server rooms all over the place. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most lack electrical or HVAC backup. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many could be better used as academic space (labs, offices, classrooms). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth in research HPC putting increasing pressure on these server rooms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of wasted money building new server rooms for HPC clusters that are part of faculty startup packages, etc. </li></ul></ul>02/24/09
    8. 8. Future State Goals – Next 5 years <ul><li>Begin phased upgrades of the Data Center to Improve power and space efficiency. Overall cost ~ $20M. </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidate and replace pizza box servers with blades (& virtualization). </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidate and simplify storage systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodate growing demand for HPC research clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodate server needs of new Interdisciplinary Science Building. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop internal cloud services. </li></ul><ul><li>Explore external cloud services. </li></ul>02/24/09
    9. 9. Future State Goals – Next 10 years <ul><li>Build a new data center of 10,000-15,000 sf </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidate many small server rooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Significant use of green-energy cloud computing resources. </li></ul>02/24/09 From
    10. 10. Our NYSERDA Proposal <ul><li>New York State Energy Research & Development Authority Program Opportunity Notice 1206 </li></ul><ul><li>~$1M ($447K from NYSERDA awarded pending contract) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Improve space & power efficiency of primarily administrative servers. </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to Columbia's PlaNYC carbon footprint reduction goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Make room for shared research computing in the existing data center. </li></ul><ul><li>Measure and test vendor claims of energy efficiency improvements. </li></ul>02/24/09
    11. 11. Our NYSERDA Proposal – Specific Tasks <ul><li>Identify 30 old servers to replace. </li></ul><ul><li>Instrument server power consumption and data center heat load. “Real time” with SNMP. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish PUE profile (use DoE DC Pro survey tool) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Implement 9 racks of high-density cooling (in-row/rack). </li></ul><ul><li>Implement proper UPS and high-voltage distribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare old & new research clusters' power consumption for the same workload. </li></ul><ul><li>Implement advanced server power management and measure improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>Review with internal, external and research faculty advisory groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate results. </li></ul>02/24/09