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Head Trauma“where there is life, there is          hope.”
THESIS          Has someone you know been effected by a brain injury? Well I have had two people in my live effected by th...
Personal relevanceCh!"ina Flood
What is a traumatic brain injury?                    • Happens when a sudden physical                      assault on the ...
Our emotional control center, and home to ourpersonality.           http://www.neuroskills.com/images/frontal.jpg http://w...
OPEN HEAD INJURYhttp://www.schmidtandclark.com/traumatic-brain-injury   http://healthtalk.info/wp-content/uploads/head-inj...
http://www.schmidtandclark.com/traumatic-brain-injury http://healthtalk.info/wp-content/uploads/head-injury.jpg http://www...
Glasgow Coma Scale Eye Opening Response• Spontaneous                                               Score• To speech       ...
Glasgow Coma Scale Best Motor Response• Obeys command localizes pain   Score• Flexor withdrawal to pain        6• Abnormal...
Glasgow coma scale          Verbal Response     Oriented conversation     Confused conversation     Inappropriate words   ...
Childrens GCShttp://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/scales/glasgow.htm,   http://www.rainbowrehab.com/RainbowVisions/article_do...
MILD TRAUMATIC      BRAIN INJURYhttp://img.medscape.com/pi/emed/ckb/radiology/336139-336140-339912-339994.jpg http://www.t...
Moderate brain injuryhttp://www.brain-injury-law-center.com/2010/12/14/understanding-second-impact-syndrome/ http://www.tb...
SEVERE BRAIN INJURY                                               http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.technolog...
symptoms of a TBI    Headaches                                                   Depression     Nausea                    ...
Disabilities resulting from a traumatic brain injury.                    http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/tbi.htm
Specific Problems After Head Injuryhttp://findmeacure.com/2008/08/07/head-injury/
IMPACTS OF A TBI      Aphasia        Global aphasia        Broca’s aphasia        Wernicke’s Aphasia        Anomic Aphasia...
Impact’s of a TBIApraxiaDysarthriaSwallowing DisordersParalysisSpasticitymemoryExecutive function                       ht...
Causes of a Traumatic Brain Injury. http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/causes.html http://www.flickr.com/photos/bike/4...
Questions               • _ _,_ _ _die each year from a TBI               • _ _ _,_ _ _ people are hospitalized           ...
Answer               • 50,000 people die a year               • 230,000 people are hospitalized               • 80,000 to ...
Question                • _._ million people, _% of the U.S                       population- are living with a permeant  ...
answer                • 5.3 million people, 2% of the U.S pop.                • $56.3 billion dollars each year.http://tbi...
Normal steps after aTraumatic Brain Injury  Emergency room  ICU-intensive care unit  Neuro ICU  Neuro floor  Rehab unit  Ho...
COMPUTEDTOMOGRAPHY SCAN    http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/detail_tbi.htm#169983218
FIVE ABNORMAL STATESOF CONSCIOUSNESS.StuporComaPersistent vegetative statelocked-in syndromebrain death                   ...
Treatments?   http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/tbi.htm
Phineas Gage
Statistics                       Each year an estimated 1.5 million                       Americans sustain a TBI. That is...
FLOODS OF LOVE
CAR WASH FOR FLOOD
REGATTA FOR FLOOD
INDEPENDENCE HALLINDUSTRIES      http://www.neuroskills.com/tbi/bfrontal.shtml
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.cbsnews.com/i/tim/2010/10/25/policeline-dontcross_370x278.jpg&imgrefurl=htt...
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.tampabaycriminaldefenselawyerblog.com/Hit%2520and%2520Run.gif&imgrefurl=htt...
Class room activity!
work cited•   The Brain Injury Recovery Network. "Injury Overview." The Brain Injury Recovery Network. The Brain Injury Re...
work cited.•   http://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA•   http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/scales/gl...
picture cites.•   http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.cbsnews.com/i/tim/2010/10/25/policeline-    dontcross_370...
Picture cites.•   http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://i.ehow.co.uk/images/a05/sj/j9/frontal-lobe-brain-injury-progn...
picture cites.•   http://scenicnh.photoshelter.com/image/I0000C1Nufkmnojc•   http://inside.salve.edu/~walsh/gage2.jpg http...
conclusion•   http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.braininjurysurvivalkit.com/images/tbijourney_light_yellow.jpg...
Bspence, head trauma. sgp
Bspence, head trauma. sgp
Bspence, head trauma. sgp
Bspence, head trauma. sgp
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Bspence, head trauma. sgp

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Bspence, head trauma. sgp

  1. 1. Head Trauma“where there is life, there is hope.”
  2. 2. THESIS Has someone you know been effected by a brain injury? Well I have had two people in my live effected by them. That is why I am going to research traumatic brain injuries (TBI). I want to know more about brain injuries because it effect’s my life, and touches close to home. The brain is an amazing thing, and also one of the most complex organ in the human body. I think everyone takes interest in the brain but knows very little about what goes on in it, and the kinds of injury’s that can effect it. During the project I hope to educate myself on brain injuries, and raise money for The Flood family.http://www.adaweb.net/Coroner/CoronerInvestigations/2008Archive/September2008.aspx http:// www.pathology.vcu.edu/WirSelfInst/neuro_medStudents/image/2561traumpix/09hemgross.jpg
  3. 3. Personal relevanceCh!"ina Flood
  4. 4. What is a traumatic brain injury? • Happens when a sudden physical assault on the head causes damage to the brain.http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/causes.html
  5. 5. Our emotional control center, and home to ourpersonality. http://www.neuroskills.com/images/frontal.jpg http://www.neuroskills.com/tbi/bfrontal.shtml
  6. 6. OPEN HEAD INJURYhttp://www.schmidtandclark.com/traumatic-brain-injury http://healthtalk.info/wp-content/uploads/head-injury.jpg http://www.presentationgroup.com/medicallibrary/images/1%20hi%200004%20closed%20head%20injury %20ap_jpg.jpg
  7. 7. http://www.schmidtandclark.com/traumatic-brain-injury http://healthtalk.info/wp-content/uploads/head-injury.jpg http://www.presentationgroup.com/medicallibrary/images/1%20hi %200004%20closed%20head%20injury%20ap_jpg.jpg
  8. 8. Glasgow Coma Scale Eye Opening Response• Spontaneous Score• To speech 4 3• To pain 2• None 1 http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html https://www.bcbsri.com/BCBSRIWeb/choices/images/head_trauma.jpg
  9. 9. Glasgow Coma Scale Best Motor Response• Obeys command localizes pain Score• Flexor withdrawal to pain 6• Abnormal spastic stereotypes 5 4• Flexion posture 3• Extensor response at elbow 2• No movement 1
  10. 10. Glasgow coma scale Verbal Response Oriented conversation Confused conversation Inappropriate words Score Incomprehensible sounds 5 4 No vocalization 3 2 1 Total score possible 3 to 15http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html http://www.rainbowrehab.com/RainbowVisions/article_downloads/articles/Art-TECH-GComaScale.pdfhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/-si-tu-savais-/3639264541/
  11. 11. Childrens GCShttp://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/scales/glasgow.htm, http://www.rainbowrehab.com/RainbowVisions/article_downloads/articles/Art-TECH-GComaScale.pdf
  12. 12. MILD TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURYhttp://img.medscape.com/pi/emed/ckb/radiology/336139-336140-339912-339994.jpg http://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA
  13. 13. Moderate brain injuryhttp://www.brain-injury-law-center.com/2010/12/14/understanding-second-impact-syndrome/ http://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA
  14. 14. SEVERE BRAIN INJURY http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.technology.am/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/traumatic_brain_injury.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.technology.am/distressing-brain-injury-200149.html&usg=__nevAsW9j80tcFiVrlFUXFSwrpVg=&h=243&w=260&sz=14&hl=en&start=18&sig2=n_c9VyeWwAv-A7QUGK7vlw&zoom=1&tbnid=SOkOZccjx51HMM:&tbnh=134&tbnw=145&ei=kO5rTd-eJcGqlAf_-uX-AQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dsevere%2Btraumatic %2Bbrain%2Binjury%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DX%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1140%26bih%3D603%26tbs%3Disch: 10%2C751&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=893&vpy=137&dur=2050&hovh=194&hovw=208&tx=151&ty=121&oei=be5rTdTfOcT58AbI7aiSCw&page=2&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:17,s:18&biw=1140&bih=603 http://www.tbirecovery.org/? gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA
  15. 15. symptoms of a TBI Headaches Depression Nausea irritabilityConfusing-cognitive may have seizures problems. Emotional and change in behavioral personality problems http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html
  16. 16. Disabilities resulting from a traumatic brain injury. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/tbi.htm
  17. 17. Specific Problems After Head Injuryhttp://findmeacure.com/2008/08/07/head-injury/
  18. 18. IMPACTS OF A TBI Aphasia Global aphasia Broca’s aphasia Wernicke’s Aphasia Anomic Aphasiahttp://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA http://www.besttbicaregiver.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/car.jpg
  19. 19. Impact’s of a TBIApraxiaDysarthriaSwallowing DisordersParalysisSpasticitymemoryExecutive function http://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA
  20. 20. Causes of a Traumatic Brain Injury. http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/causes.html http://www.flickr.com/photos/bike/499697244/
  21. 21. Questions • _ _,_ _ _die each year from a TBI • _ _ _,_ _ _ people are hospitalized annually and survive. • _ _,_ _ _ to _ _,_ _ _ people experience the onset of long term disability each year.http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html
  22. 22. Answer • 50,000 people die a year • 230,000 people are hospitalized • 80,000 to 90,000 experience onset of long-term disability.http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html
  23. 23. Question • _._ million people, _% of the U.S population- are living with a permeant TBI disability. • TBIs requiring hospitalization cost the nation about $_ _._ billion each year.http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html
  24. 24. answer • 5.3 million people, 2% of the U.S pop. • $56.3 billion dollars each year.http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html
  25. 25. Normal steps after aTraumatic Brain Injury Emergency room ICU-intensive care unit Neuro ICU Neuro floor Rehab unit Home http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html http://www.schmidtandclark.com/wp-content/uploads/Traumatic-Brain-Injury.jpg
  26. 26. COMPUTEDTOMOGRAPHY SCAN http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/detail_tbi.htm#169983218
  27. 27. FIVE ABNORMAL STATESOF CONSCIOUSNESS.StuporComaPersistent vegetative statelocked-in syndromebrain death http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/detail_tbi.htm#169983218
  28. 28. Treatments? http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/tbi.htm
  29. 29. Phineas Gage
  30. 30. Statistics Each year an estimated 1.5 million Americans sustain a TBI. That is 8 times the number of people diagnosed with breast cancer, and 34 times the number of cases of HIV/ AIDS each year.http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html
  31. 31. FLOODS OF LOVE
  32. 32. CAR WASH FOR FLOOD
  33. 33. REGATTA FOR FLOOD
  34. 34. INDEPENDENCE HALLINDUSTRIES http://www.neuroskills.com/tbi/bfrontal.shtml
  35. 35. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.cbsnews.com/i/tim/2010/10/25/policeline-dontcross_370x278.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20026779-504083.html&usg=__cuyOjOPgCTB1jy-wCFjGaY2MvBg=&h=278&w=370&sz=40&hl=en&start=43&sig2=ZjxbUQj_XX98UbIlg6cE_A&zoom=1&tbnid=Fs3bNRENqHB1hM:&tbnh=133&tbnw=177&ei=_K2lTdWhO4OW8QOI4NG5Dw&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dstate%2Btrooper%2Bcar%2Baccident%2Bin%2Bpennsylvania%26u %3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DX%26biw%3D1140%26bih%3D631%26tbm%3Disch0%2C1542&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=391&oei=7a2lTfGmMabm0QGKwJzSCA&page=4&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:43&tx=90&ty=52&biw=1140&bih=631
  36. 36. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.tampabaycriminaldefenselawyerblog.com/Hit%2520and%2520Run.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.tampabaycriminaldefenselawyerblog.com/2010/06/pinellas-park-fatal-hit-and-ru.html&usg=__VCCcQrkJ8HTd_s3YppKj0g87QH8=&h=240&w=352&sz=33&hl=en&start=0&sig2=vQyxheq3x6bFe7Ef5zABhA&zoom=1&tbnid=CtTLFYGCt6X25M:&tbnh=160&tbnw=213&ei=i9KlTbj3JZS5tgep4YnGAg&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dhit%2Band%2Brun%26um %3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1140%26bih%3D633%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=396&vpy=110&dur=241&hovh=185&hovw=272&tx=156&ty=82&oei=i9KlTbj3JZS5tgep4YnGAg&page=1&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0
  37. 37. Class room activity!
  38. 38. work cited• The Brain Injury Recovery Network. "Injury Overview." The Brain Injury Recovery Network. The Brain Injury Recovery Network, 2003. Web. 17 Feb. 2011. <http://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA>.• http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/detail_tbi.htm• http://www.adaweb.net/Coroner/CoronerInvestigations/2008Archive/September2008.aspx• http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/causes.html• http://www.neuroskills.com/tbi/bfrontal.shtml• http://www.presentationgroup.com/medicallibrary/images/1%20hi%200004%20closed%20head%20injury%20ap_jpg.jpg• http://www.schmidtandclark.com/traumatic-brain-injury• http://healthtalk.info/wp-content/uploads/head-injury.jpg• http://img.medscape.com/pi/emed/ckb/radiology/336139-336140-339912-339994.jpg• http://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA• http://tbirecovery.org/Overview.html• http://findmeacure.com/2008/08/07/head-injury/
  39. 39. work cited.• http://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA• http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/scales/glasgow.htm,• http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/detail_tbi.htm#169983218• http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/detail_tbi.htm#169983218• http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/tbi.htm• Turkington, Carol, and Joseph R. Harris. "Coma." The Encyclopedia of the Brain and Brain Disorders. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Facts on File, 2002. (page 99)• http://web.ebscohost.com/chc/detail?vid=3&hid=110&sid=02b3bd9b-3af0-4e64 808a-4ba1a11f7018%40sessionmgr115&bdta=JnNpdGU9Y2hjLWxpdmU%3 d#db=cmh &AN=HL22822>.• American Red Cross. "Injuries to the Head, Neck, and Back." FirstAid Responding to Emergencies. 4th ed. Yardley, Pa: Staywell, 2005. 254-57. Print.• Crippen, David W. "Head Trauma: eMedicine Trauma." Editorial. eMedicine from Web• Williams, Brenda. "Head trauma and its effects ." Head trauma and its Effects.
  40. 40. picture cites.• http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.cbsnews.com/i/tim/2010/10/25/policeline- dontcross_370x278.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.cbsnews.com/ 8301-504083_162-20026779-504083.html&usg=__cuyOjOPgCTB1jy- wCFjGaY2MvBg=&h=278&w=370&sz=40&hl=en&start=43&sig2=ZjxbUQj_XX98UbIlg6cE_A&zoom=1&tbnid=Fs3bNRENqHB1h M:&tbnh=133&tbnw=177&ei=_K2lTdWhO4OW8QOI4NG5Dw&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dstate%2Btrooper%2Bcar%2Baccident %2Bin%2Bpennsylvania%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DX%26biw%3D1140%26bih%3D631%26tbm %3Disch0%2C1542&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=391&oei=7a2lTfGmMabm0QGKwJzSCA&page=4&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:4,s: 43&tx=90&ty=52&biw=1140&bih=631• www.pathology.vcu.edu/WirSelfInst/neuro_medStudents/image/2561traumpix/09hemgross.jpg• http://www.neuroskills.com/images/frontal.jpg• http://www.schmidtandclark.com/traumatic-brain-injury• http://www.presentationgroup.com/medicallibrary/images/1%20hi%200004%20closed%20head%20injury%20ap_jpg.jpg• http://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA• http://www.tbirecovery.org/?gclid=CNSX44Cii6cCFZ065Qod4Ev0hA• http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.technology.am/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/ traumatic_brain_injury.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.technology.am/distressing-brain- injury-200149.html&usg=__nevAsW9j80tcFiVrlFUXFSwrpVg=&h=243&w=260&sz=14&hl=en&start=18&sig2=n_c9VyeW wAv-A7QUGK7vlw&zoom=1&tbnid=SOkOZccjx51HMM:&tbnh=134&tbnw=145&ei=kO5rTd-eJcGqlAf_-uX-AQ&prev=/ images%3Fq%3Dsevere%2Btraumatic%2Bbrain%2Binjury%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DX%26gbv %3D2%26biw%3D1140%26bih%3D603%26tbs%3Disch: 10%2C751&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=893&vpy=137&dur=2050&hovh=194&hovw=208&tx=151&ty=121&oei=be5rTdTfOcT5 8AbI7aiSCw&page=2&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:17,s:18&biw=1140&bih=603
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  43. 43. conclusion• http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.braininjurysurvivalkit.com/images/tbijourney_light_yellow.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.braininjurysurvivalkit.com/ &usg=__xlv6Hr7pdkbieNObNDY7E8n_XF8=&h=895&w=811&sz=157&hl=en&start=78&sig2=aN4GHF1S17ieSUNLxK0bHg&zoom=1&tbnid=0eftLBvGIW0HYM:&tbnh=141&tbnw=128&ei=mh3ATe7OIIj50gHArL33BA&prev= /search%3Fq%3Dtraumatic%2Bbrain%2Binjuries%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1140%26bih%3D635%26gbv%3D2%26tbm%3Disch0%2C2872&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=225&page=6&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:10,s:

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