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Abstract—Biometric systems are increasingly deployed in networked environment, and issues related to interoperability are bound to arise as single vendor, monolithic architectures become less desirable. Interoperability issues affect every subsystem of the biometric system, and a statistical framework to evaluate interoperability is proposed. The framework was applied to the acquisition subsystem for a fingerprint recognition system and the results were evaluated using the framework. Fingerprints were collected from 100 subjects on 6 fingerprint sensors. The results show that performance of interoperable fingerprint datasets is not easily predictable and the proposed framework can aid in removing unpredictability to some degree.