Lesson Seven Informal Logic II
By the end of this lesson, you should be able to: Write an effective and logical outline for your argumentative paper. Tod...
“ The aim or purpose of  argument  is to use logic (both inductive and deductive) to create reasoned communication of idea...
Analytical Thesis Statement A thesis statement that analyzes the  relationship  among various significant ideas contained ...
Structure of Analytical Thesis Statements This pattern can serve as an aid: Independent clause(s)  +  restricting clause(s...
If you have a good analytical thesis statement, creating an outline is relatively easy. O utlining
<ul><li>There are essentially two major ways to draft an outline from a thesis statement: </li></ul><ul><li>Isolating key ...
O utlining From Thesis Statement to Outline Example: “ Love is disappearing because individualism is the main survival tec...
From Thesis Statement to Outline Example: We immediately recognize that the driving organizational force behind the thesis...
From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : ? Premise 2:  Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercel...
From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2:  Individualism is t...
Any questions and/or comments about your homework?
Models Let’s look some examples together.  O utlining
Pg. 127 – 129 Two types of outlines / Rules / Examples Formal Conv e ntions of   Outlines
<ul><li>Parallelism  </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Subordination </li></ul><ul><li>Division </li></ul>F...
Parallelism  Each heading and subheading should preserve parallel structure. If the first heading is a noun, the second he...
Coordination All the information contained in Heading 1 should have the same significance as the information contained in ...
Subordination The information in the headings should be more general, while the information in the subheadings should be m...
Division  Each heading should be divided into 2 or more parts. Formal Conv e ntions of   Outlines
From Thesis Statement to Outline We must ask ourselves the following question: “ How do I  prove  each premise?” Use your ...
From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2:  Individualism is t...
Exp a nding   Outlines I. Introduction II. Individualism and love: mutually exclusive III. Individualism: main survival te...
From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. How do we prove this premise? ...
II. Individualism and love: mutually exclusive A. Individualism 1. Definition 2. Characteristics a. Selfish b.  B. Love 1....
From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 2:  Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive ...
III.  Individualism: main survival technique A. Causes 1. Overpopulation a. Competition b.  2. Consumerism 3. Economy B. E...
You  will  turn in your th e sis statement and syllogism next week.
F i rst Draft & Outline: Due Week 10
F i rst Draft: Just get your  ideas  down on paper.  Don’t worry about making it perfect or beautiful. About 1,000 words.
Homew o rk Use your invention notes to expand your outline. Begin writing your first draft.
Read i ng Review Informal Logic Handouts Pg. 127 - 129
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Lesson 7: Informal Logic II

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Lesson 7: Informal Logic II

  1. 1. Lesson Seven Informal Logic II
  2. 2. By the end of this lesson, you should be able to: Write an effective and logical outline for your argumentative paper. Today’s O bjective
  3. 3. “ The aim or purpose of argument is to use logic (both inductive and deductive) to create reasoned communication of ideas, insights, and experiences to some audience so as to produce a new understanding of some issue for that audience.” argument
  4. 4. Analytical Thesis Statement A thesis statement that analyzes the relationship among various significant ideas contained in the thesis sentence(s) Thesis Stat e ments
  5. 5. Structure of Analytical Thesis Statements This pattern can serve as an aid: Independent clause(s) + restricting clause(s) [general ideas are stated] [qualifying idea(s) defined] Thesis Stat e ments
  6. 6. If you have a good analytical thesis statement, creating an outline is relatively easy. O utlining
  7. 7. <ul><li>There are essentially two major ways to draft an outline from a thesis statement: </li></ul><ul><li>Isolating key ideas to be developed </li></ul><ul><li>Using informal logic </li></ul>O utlining
  8. 8. O utlining From Thesis Statement to Outline Example: “ Love is disappearing because individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . ”
  9. 9. From Thesis Statement to Outline Example: We immediately recognize that the driving organizational force behind the thesis statement is cause & effect . At the most general level, we are asserting that love is disappearing because individualism is becoming more prevalent. O utlining
  10. 10. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : ? Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. O utlining
  11. 11. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. O utlining
  12. 12. Any questions and/or comments about your homework?
  13. 13. Models Let’s look some examples together. O utlining
  14. 14. Pg. 127 – 129 Two types of outlines / Rules / Examples Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  15. 15. <ul><li>Parallelism </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Subordination </li></ul><ul><li>Division </li></ul>Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  16. 16. Parallelism Each heading and subheading should preserve parallel structure. If the first heading is a noun, the second heading should be a noun. Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  17. 17. Coordination All the information contained in Heading 1 should have the same significance as the information contained in Heading 2. The same goes for the subheadings (which should be less significant than the headings). Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  18. 18. Subordination The information in the headings should be more general, while the information in the subheadings should be more specific. Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  19. 19. Division Each heading should be divided into 2 or more parts. Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  20. 20. From Thesis Statement to Outline We must ask ourselves the following question: “ How do I prove each premise?” Use your invention notes. Exp a nding Outlines
  21. 21. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. Exp a nding Outlines
  22. 22. Exp a nding Outlines I. Introduction II. Individualism and love: mutually exclusive III. Individualism: main survival technique IV. Conclusion
  23. 23. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. How do we prove this premise? Definition / Compare and Contrast Exp a nding Outlines
  24. 24. II. Individualism and love: mutually exclusive A. Individualism 1. Definition 2. Characteristics a. Selfish b. B. Love 1. Definition 2. Characteristics a. Selfless b. C. Individualism & Love
  25. 25. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . How do we prove this premise? Cause and Effect Exp a nding Outlines
  26. 26. III. Individualism: main survival technique A. Causes 1. Overpopulation a. Competition b. 2. Consumerism 3. Economy B. Effects 1. 2. (Effects should be directly related to II.A)
  27. 27. You will turn in your th e sis statement and syllogism next week.
  28. 28. F i rst Draft & Outline: Due Week 10
  29. 29. F i rst Draft: Just get your ideas down on paper. Don’t worry about making it perfect or beautiful. About 1,000 words.
  30. 30. Homew o rk Use your invention notes to expand your outline. Begin writing your first draft.
  31. 31. Read i ng Review Informal Logic Handouts Pg. 127 - 129

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