语文教学方法介绍

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语文教学方法介绍

  1. 1. <ul><li>Macro Perspectives </li></ul>
  2. 2. 1. Pre-luminal Phase (Separation) <ul><li>( 一 ) 危機的出現 (Breach) , </li></ul><ul><li>( 二 ) 衝突 (Crisis) , </li></ul><ul><li>( 三 ) 常以儀式方式處理的衝突的解決過程 (Redressive Process) /Crisis Perception </li></ul><ul><li>( 四 ) 分裂 (Recognition of Irreparable Schism) </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Pre-luminal Phase (Separation) <ul><li>Accommodation : Transfer to/focus on symbolic expression/non-aesthetic perspective( 符號的表達 / 非美學主導的觀點 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Defamiliarize/symbolic expression as a way to prepare transfering </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2. Liminal Phase (Transition) <ul><li>☆ Communitas( 合一交融 )constructing: Therapy group becomes communitas, share the same experience and goal. (equality) </li></ul><ul><li>-> clarify & feed back </li></ul><ul><li>一個創造身份與認同的過程 。 </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3. Post-Liminal Phase (Reincorporation) <ul><li>Reaggregation: through “communitas” (group dynamic) </li></ul><ul><li>創造身份與認同的過程 即 為「強化」 (elevation) 與「轉化」 (reversal) 兩種力量的調和 </li></ul>
  6. 6. 認同計劃 (Identity Plan): <ul><li>Empower: 「地位強化」 (status elevation)/Romance->I have power </li></ul><ul><li>Reframe: 「地位轉化」 (status reversal)/Comedy </li></ul>
  7. 7. 藝術治療的特性 <ul><li>藝術治療是一種運用介質或儀式,進入中介狀態 / 易感狀態的一個過程或活動 </li></ul><ul><li>三種 communitas </li></ul><ul><li>中介狀態的特性:結構 & 反結構 (structure & anti-structure)-> 提供了一個安全的空間讓我們嘗試各種可能性。 </li></ul><ul><li>儀式不只是重覆而是淨化與進化 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rituals as Symbolic Action <ul><li>Turner regarded ritual as a drama in which the participants are the actors: </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of their actions in the ritual, they are transformed, and through their experiences, they have the power to change the society itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Sociology + Anthropology </li></ul>
  9. 9. Beyond Victor Turner <ul><li>Symbols : The Meaningful Vehicles of Ritual . </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of their actions in the ritual, they are transformed, and through their experiences, they have the power to change the themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology + Anthropology </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hypothesis <ul><li>Elevation( 強化 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revitalize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enlighten </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reversal( 轉化 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shapeshifting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reframing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A liminal circle as a healing process </li></ul>
  11. 11. APA Format <ul><li>http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/06/ </li></ul>

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