Land and expansion part i people arrive and america is born
The United States of America Land and Expansion Part I People Arrive and America is Born
America’s First Humans• Exactly when the first humans migrated from Asia to the Americas is still hotly debated today
America’s First Humans• Traditionally, Native Americans are believed to have descended from northeast Asia, arriving over a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska some 12,000 to 30,000 years ago and/or by boat across the Pacific Ocean. Then, migrating across North and South America.
First Known Europeans• Vikings from Northwestern Europe settled in Greenland and parts of Canada around 1000 A.D.
First Known Europeans• Settlements lasted more than 300 years• The Norse Vikings’ settlements didn’t last
A New Age• Europe’s desire to cut out the cost of the Silk Road to obtain the riches of the East sent them sailing into the unknown…
A New Age• Spain sent an Italian named Christopher Columbus west across the Atlantic to find a water route to Asia
A New Age• He never knew it but Columbus didn’t reach AsiaColumbus accidentally landed on the shores of undocumented land…
A New Age…and Europe would dominate the world for nearly the next 500 years
It was the year 1492Arawak men and women, naked, tawny, and full of wonder, emerged from their villages onto theislands beaches and swam out to get a closer lookat the strange big boat. When Columbus and his sailors came ashore, carrying swords, speaking oddly, the Arawaks ran to greet them, brought them food, water, gifts. Zinn 1
He (Columbus) later wrote of this in his log:They ... brought us parrots and balls of cottonand spears and many other things, which theyexchanged for the glass beads and hawksbells. They willingly traded everything theyowned... .
They were well-built, with goodbodies and handsome features....
They do not bear arms, and do notknow them, for I showed them asword, they took it by the edge andcut themselves out of ignorance.
They have no iron. Their spears are madeof cane... .They would make fineservants....
Spanish in the Americas• Columbus and the Spanish set the precedent of slavery, thievery, slaughter, and forced indoctrination in this “newly discovered” land that would become known as America
Europeans in the Americas• "..new and more deadly forms of smallpox and bubonic plague had arisen in Europe.. Passed on to those the Europeans met, these diseases helped Europe conquer the Americas and, later, the islands of the Pacific" (Loewen and Schuster44).
Europeans in the Americas• The Spanish got a big head start on the European competition but the French, Dutch, Portuguese, Russians, and British weren’t too far behind.
The First English Land Seizer• England’s first permanent settlement was Jamestown, Virginia in the year 1607
The First English Land Seizer• Next, the Pilgrims settled Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620• Puritans, seeking to practice their strict religious beliefs also settled Massachusetts
A New Nation is Born• With the Treaty of Paris of 1783 a new nation was born• And it was one big baby of a nation
The Earliest Land Claims ofthe United States of America• claims included land east fromthe banks of the mightyMississippi to…
The Earliest Land Claims ofthe United States of America…the vast shoreline of the AtlanticOcean
Earliest Land Claims of the United States of America• When the new nation was in its infant stages it included – 13 states, loosely united – The Northwest Territory – Controversies and disputes over land in the northeast, northwest and the south
Earliest Land Claims of the United States of America• The Northwest Territory included thousands of natives in dozens of tribes who were determined to resist the devastation of their people
The United States Grows• The young nation wouldn’t take long to have a growth spurt• In 1803 something bighappens; something majorthat sets the nation lookingfurther and further westtoward the setting sun…
Opportunity Knocks on a Young Nation’s Door…and Opportunity’s name is Napoleon Bonaparte• To Be Continued…