Google Book Search Presentation

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Google Book Search Presentation

  1. 1. Google Book Search <ul><li>INFO 5590 </li></ul><ul><li>November 10, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Bryanna Boyd </li></ul><ul><li>Tammy Kavanaugh </li></ul><ul><li>Amanda Peters </li></ul>
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright and Digitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Google Book Search and Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Recent Settlement </li></ul><ul><li>The future of Google Book Search </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>What is Google Book Search? </li></ul><ul><li>How does GBS work? </li></ul><ul><li>http://books.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Other projects </li></ul><ul><li>- Project Gutenberg </li></ul><ul><li>- BlackMask </li></ul><ul><li>- Many Books </li></ul>
  4. 4. Digitalization and Copyright © <ul><li>Michigan Library Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>- Is the item published? </li></ul><ul><li>- What year was it published, or if unpublished, what year was </li></ul><ul><li>it created? </li></ul><ul><li>- If published before 1989, does it have a notice of copyright © or </li></ul><ul><li>the word ‘Copyright’ or Copr? </li></ul><ul><li>- If published between 1923 and 1963, was the copyright renewed </li></ul><ul><li>before 1964 when renewal became automatic? </li></ul><ul><li>- Is the author dead, and if so, in what year did he or she die? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Google Book Search Legal Issues <ul><li>(1) Is the scanning creating intermediary copies of copyrighted works? </li></ul><ul><li>(2) The use of snippets from the works when GBS conducts a search </li></ul><ul><li>(3) The giving of the digitalized copies to the participating libraries </li></ul>
  6. 6. In Defence of Google <ul><li>Fair Use </li></ul><ul><li>Opt-out Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Orphaned Works </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Law and Digitalization <ul><li>Sony </li></ul><ul><li>Kelly v. Arriba Soft Corp </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Books, Inc v. Kinko’s Graphics Corp </li></ul><ul><li>American Geophysical Union v. Texaco, Inc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Google Book Search and Libraries <ul><li>Ignore – let users find it on their own </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest – refer users to hard-to-find </li></ul><ul><li>content available for free online </li></ul><ul><li>“ I have increasingly come to rely upon it to answer thorny questions at the desk, to locate both old and new books” </li></ul><ul><li>– Steve Ostream, Reference Librarian </li></ul>
  9. 9. Google Book Search and Libraries <ul><li>Install Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) - include book previews, social features or link to GBS </li></ul>
  10. 10. Google Book Search and Libraries <ul><li>Partner – Libraries are invited to contact </li></ul><ul><li>Google and describe their special </li></ul><ul><li>collections for consideration </li></ul><ul><li>Work for them – Information professional skills, such as providing subject headings and information literacy can improve GBS </li></ul><ul><li>“ It's another shove to get librarians out from behind the stacks and harness their expertise[…]and to enhance users' ability to find, use, and access information in any format.” </li></ul><ul><li> – Outsell (consulting corporation) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Recent settlement <ul><li>October 28, 2008 – Settlement announced between Google and AAP and Authors Guild </li></ul><ul><li>$125 million from Google to create Book Rights Registry as a way for rightsholders to benefit from GBS. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/intl/en/press/pressrel/20081027_booksearchagreement.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://books.google.com/googlebooks/agreement/ </li></ul>
  12. 12. The future of Google Book Search <ul><li>U.S. users will be able to purchase access to out-of-print items even if they are still under copyright. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. libraries can subscribe to other libraries’ digital collections through Google. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. libraries will have designated public access terminals from which millions of out-of-print </li></ul><ul><li>material will be available for free </li></ul>
  13. 13. The future of Google Book Search <ul><li>What do you think about this new settlement? </li></ul><ul><li>Money will now play more of a role in GBS – how does this relate to the role of libraries? </li></ul><ul><li>- and does it conflict with their goal of providing universal access to information? </li></ul><ul><li>It is unclear about what the costs will be and how costs will be decided/controlled – any thoughts? </li></ul><ul><li>Free public terminal – apparently one per library so first-come first-served – is this fair? </li></ul>

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