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Prepared by:
Mr. Rodel Bryan C. Valdez
photograph
photographer
photographic
Word No. of
Syllables
Location of
Stress
Photograph 3 1st syllable
Photographer 4 2nd syllable
Photographic 4 3rd syllable
 It is the relative force or
prominence given to a syllable or
a word.
 We have three levels of stress:
a. strong / ‘ /;...
 make the word difficult to
understand; and
 change the meaning or
grammatical category of a word.
There are two basic things to keep in
mind that will help you determine how
to stress a word:
 One word has only one stre...
1. Use high pitch
2. Speak with loud voice
3. Make the sound long
1st Syllable 2nd Syllable 3rd Syllable
High Pitch wheel
bar row
Loud
Voice
WHEEL bar row
Long
Sound
wheeeel bar row
Combin...
 One-syllable words (monosyllables) like do,
has, and bay are stressed in isolation. In
context, they blend with the near...
 Most two-syllable words are stressed on the
first syllable (e.g. heaven, builder, purchase).
◦ Other examples are:
 not...
 Most two-syllable nouns are stressed on the
first syllable.
◦ Examples:
 present
 table
 Most two-syllable adjectives...
 Many words which may be used as nouns or
verbs carry the primary stress on the first
syllable for nouns, and on the seco...
 Let’s Try
◦ The hapless pervert might pervert some truths in
the cross examination.
◦ You can extract vanilla, an aromat...
 Numbers ending in –teen may carry the stress
on the last syllable to distinguish clearly
between fifty and fifteen, sixt...
 Let’s try:
◦ Her booth number is thirteen not thirty.
◦ Sixty alumnae attended the twentieth anniversary of
their gradua...
 Intensive-reflexive pronouns carry the
stronger stress on the last syllable.
 Some words formed by adding a prefix or
suffix to a root word usually retain the same
syllable stress such as local  lo...
 Some words formed by adding affixes result
in a change in syllable stress, function and
meaning.
 Observe the changes i...
 Words ending in –ee and –eer carry the
primary stress on the ultimate.
 Examples
◦ referee
◦ refugee
◦ volunteer
◦ engi...
 Words ending in –sion, -tion, -cian, -tian,
and –ic carry the primary stress on the
penultimate of a word.
 Examples
◦ ...
 Words ending in –phy, -al/-ical, -gy, -try, -
cy, -fy, -ty, -meter carry the primary stress
on the ante-penultimate of a...
 The stress depends on the structure of the
combination.
 Separable phrasal verbs carry the stress on
the particle/prepo...
 Inseparable phrasal verbs carry the stress on
the verb itself.
◦ Example
 Call on.
 Call on Mary.
 Call on her.
 Noun-noun or adjective-noun combinations
carry the stress positions on the basis of the
meanings they convey.
 Usually,...
 If the first part of the compound shows the
purpose for which the second part is
intended, the first part of the combina...
 If the first part of the combination shows the
material contained in the second part, the
second part of the combination...
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16
BACK
BACK
BACK
BACK
BACK
BACK
BACK
BACK
BACK
Sentence: “He is the convict who
escaped from the prison.”
BACK
Sentence: “They are the juries who will
convict on the sli...
Sentence: “I am worried with the
present situation of our country.”
BACK
Sentence: “I want to present this
research paper ...
BACK
BACK
BACK
BACK
BACK
BACK
 http://ocw.metu.edu.tr/pluginfile.php/10280
/mod_resource/content/1/Word%20Stress%2
0in%20English.pdf
 http://www.engli...
Engl3   stress
Engl3   stress
Engl3   stress
Engl3   stress
Engl3   stress
Engl3   stress
Engl3   stress
Engl3   stress
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Engl3 stress

  1. 1. Prepared by: Mr. Rodel Bryan C. Valdez
  2. 2. photograph photographer photographic
  3. 3. Word No. of Syllables Location of Stress Photograph 3 1st syllable Photographer 4 2nd syllable Photographic 4 3rd syllable
  4. 4.  It is the relative force or prominence given to a syllable or a word.  We have three levels of stress: a. strong / ‘ /; b. medium /^/; and c. weak / ˘/.
  5. 5.  make the word difficult to understand; and  change the meaning or grammatical category of a word.
  6. 6. There are two basic things to keep in mind that will help you determine how to stress a word:  One word has only one stress.  We can only stress vowels, not consonants. / ‘ /
  7. 7. 1. Use high pitch 2. Speak with loud voice 3. Make the sound long
  8. 8. 1st Syllable 2nd Syllable 3rd Syllable High Pitch wheel bar row Loud Voice WHEEL bar row Long Sound wheeeel bar row Combination of the Three WHEEEL bar row
  9. 9.  One-syllable words (monosyllables) like do, has, and bay are stressed in isolation. In context, they blend with the nearest word, and lose a part of their original sound. There are also reduced to a different form. ◦ Example: deal cent east sail sun get sail tame
  10. 10.  Most two-syllable words are stressed on the first syllable (e.g. heaven, builder, purchase). ◦ Other examples are:  notice  urchin  titan  vivid
  11. 11.  Most two-syllable nouns are stressed on the first syllable. ◦ Examples:  present  table  Most two-syllable adjectives are stressed on the first syllable ◦ Examples:  slender  clever  Most two-syllable verbs are stressed on the second syllable. ◦ Examples  decide  begin
  12. 12.  Many words which may be used as nouns or verbs carry the primary stress on the first syllable for nouns, and on the second syllable for verbs.
  13. 13.  Let’s Try ◦ The hapless pervert might pervert some truths in the cross examination. ◦ You can extract vanilla, an aromatic extract, from a certain tropical orchid. ◦ Girls should converse in soft voices. ◦ They had to process their travel papers but in the process some documents got lost.
  14. 14.  Numbers ending in –teen may carry the stress on the last syllable to distinguish clearly between fifty and fifteen, sixty and sixteen, etc.  Those ending in –ieth are stressed on the first syllable as in thirtieth, etc.  Those ending in –eenth are stressed on the last syllable as in thirteenth.
  15. 15.  Let’s try: ◦ Her booth number is thirteen not thirty. ◦ Sixty alumnae attended the twentieth anniversary of their graduation. ◦ Seventy classrooms will be constructed on the nineteenth of this month.
  16. 16.  Intensive-reflexive pronouns carry the stronger stress on the last syllable.
  17. 17.  Some words formed by adding a prefix or suffix to a root word usually retain the same syllable stress such as local  localize. ◦ Other examples  ready  readiness  memory  memorable  electric  electrical
  18. 18.  Some words formed by adding affixes result in a change in syllable stress, function and meaning.  Observe the changes in the following: ◦ Port ◦ portable ◦ portability
  19. 19.  Words ending in –ee and –eer carry the primary stress on the ultimate.  Examples ◦ referee ◦ refugee ◦ volunteer ◦ engineer ◦ Exception --- committee
  20. 20.  Words ending in –sion, -tion, -cian, -tian, and –ic carry the primary stress on the penultimate of a word.  Examples ◦ economic ◦ education ◦ technician ◦ graduation ◦ geographic ◦ geologic
  21. 21.  Words ending in –phy, -al/-ical, -gy, -try, - cy, -fy, -ty, -meter carry the primary stress on the ante-penultimate of a word.  Examples ◦ kilometer ◦ philosophy ◦ liturgy + cal = liturgical ◦ biology
  22. 22.  The stress depends on the structure of the combination.  Separable phrasal verbs carry the stress on the particle/preposition. ◦ Example  Call up.  Call up Mom.  Call Mom up.
  23. 23.  Inseparable phrasal verbs carry the stress on the verb itself. ◦ Example  Call on.  Call on Mary.  Call on her.
  24. 24.  Noun-noun or adjective-noun combinations carry the stress positions on the basis of the meanings they convey.  Usually, for compound nouns, the stress is on the first part.  e.g. windowpane, bathhouse, swimming pool  Usually, for compound adjectives and compound verbs, the stress is on the second part. ◦ e.g. bad-tempered (adj.), understand (v.)
  25. 25.  If the first part of the compound shows the purpose for which the second part is intended, the first part of the combination receives the strong stress. ◦ Example  sewing machine  bathhouse  swimming pool  hair dryer  class card
  26. 26.  If the first part of the combination shows the material contained in the second part, the second part of the combination is stressed. ◦ Example  leather bag  plastic cups  fruit salad  paper roses  silver bell  chocolate cake  apple pie
  27. 27. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
  28. 28. BACK
  29. 29. BACK
  30. 30. BACK
  31. 31. BACK
  32. 32. BACK
  33. 33. BACK
  34. 34. BACK
  35. 35. BACK
  36. 36. BACK
  37. 37. Sentence: “He is the convict who escaped from the prison.” BACK Sentence: “They are the juries who will convict on the slimmest evidence.”
  38. 38. Sentence: “I am worried with the present situation of our country.” BACK Sentence: “I want to present this research paper to my advisers.”
  39. 39. BACK
  40. 40. BACK
  41. 41. BACK
  42. 42. BACK
  43. 43. BACK
  44. 44. BACK
  45. 45.  http://ocw.metu.edu.tr/pluginfile.php/10280 /mod_resource/content/1/Word%20Stress%2 0in%20English.pdf  http://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/ word-stress-rules.htm  A Practical Guide to Oral Communication by Ofelia Reyes and Ma. Fe F. Guba

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