INTRODUCTION – What can you notice with these three words?
Separable phrasal verb means that the verb does not have to be followed by its attached preposition immediately. The meaning of the sentence remains clear, whether or not the verb and its attached preposition or adverb are next to one another.+ Common Separable Phrasal Verbswrite down, add up, turn down, check out, write out, point out, try on, call off, leave out, switch off
In inseparable phrasal verbs, the meaning of the phrasal verb will be lost, as evidenced by the following examples of incorrect sentences.+ Common Inseparable Phrasal Verbsdisagree with, tell on, get on, get off, settle on, talk over, look after, care for, hear from, run against
Word No. of
Photograph 3 1st syllable
Photographer 4 2nd syllable
Photographic 4 3rd syllable
It is the relative force or
prominence given to a syllable or
We have three levels of stress:
a. strong / ‘ /;
b. medium /^/; and
c. weak / ˘/.
make the word difficult to
change the meaning or
grammatical category of a word.
There are two basic things to keep in
mind that will help you determine how
to stress a word:
One word has only one stress.
We can only stress vowels, not
/ ‘ /
1. Use high pitch
2. Speak with loud voice
3. Make the sound long
1st Syllable 2nd Syllable 3rd Syllable
High Pitch wheel
WHEEL bar row
wheeeel bar row
of the Three
One-syllable words (monosyllables) like do,
has, and bay are stressed in isolation. In
context, they blend with the nearest word,
and lose a part of their original sound. There
are also reduced to a different form.
Most two-syllable words are stressed on the
first syllable (e.g. heaven, builder, purchase).
◦ Other examples are:
Most two-syllable nouns are stressed on the
Most two-syllable adjectives are stressed on
the first syllable
Most two-syllable verbs are stressed on the
Many words which may be used as nouns or
verbs carry the primary stress on the first
syllable for nouns, and on the second syllable
◦ The hapless pervert might pervert some truths in
the cross examination.
◦ You can extract vanilla, an aromatic extract, from a
certain tropical orchid.
◦ Girls should converse in soft voices.
◦ They had to process their travel papers but in the
process some documents got lost.
Numbers ending in –teen may carry the stress
on the last syllable to distinguish clearly
between fifty and fifteen, sixty and sixteen,
Those ending in –ieth are stressed on the first
syllable as in thirtieth, etc.
Those ending in –eenth are stressed on the
last syllable as in thirteenth.
◦ Her booth number is thirteen not thirty.
◦ Sixty alumnae attended the twentieth anniversary of
◦ Seventy classrooms will be constructed on the
nineteenth of this month.
Intensive-reflexive pronouns carry the
stronger stress on the last syllable.
Some words formed by adding a prefix or
suffix to a root word usually retain the same
syllable stress such as local localize.
◦ Other examples
Some words formed by adding affixes result
in a change in syllable stress, function and
Observe the changes in the following:
Words ending in –ee and –eer carry the
primary stress on the ultimate.
◦ Exception --- committee
Words ending in –sion, -tion, -cian, -tian,
and –ic carry the primary stress on the
penultimate of a word.
Words ending in –phy, -al/-ical, -gy, -try, -
cy, -fy, -ty, -meter carry the primary stress
on the ante-penultimate of a word.
◦ liturgy + cal = liturgical
The stress depends on the structure of the
Separable phrasal verbs carry the stress on
Call up Mom.
Call Mom up.
Inseparable phrasal verbs carry the stress on
the verb itself.
Call on Mary.
Call on her.
Noun-noun or adjective-noun combinations
carry the stress positions on the basis of the
meanings they convey.
Usually, for compound nouns, the stress is on
the first part.
e.g. windowpane, bathhouse, swimming pool
Usually, for compound adjectives and
compound verbs, the stress is on the second
◦ e.g. bad-tempered (adj.), understand (v.)
If the first part of the compound shows the
purpose for which the second part is
intended, the first part of the combination
receives the strong stress.
If the first part of the combination shows the
material contained in the second part, the
second part of the combination is stressed.
A Practical Guide to Oral Communication by
Ofelia Reyes and Ma. Fe F. Guba