Marc Prein: Organic aquaculture and sustainable fisheries – ecolabelling and aquaculture certification

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Marc Prein: Organic aquaculture and sustainable fisheries – ecolabelling and aquaculture certification

  1. 1. Brussels Development Briefing n.32 Fish-farming the new driver of the blue economy? 3rd July 2013 http://brusselsbriefings.net Organic Aquaculture and sustainable fisheries- ecolabelling and aquaculture certification Mark Prein, GIZ
  2. 2. Seite 2Sektorvorhaben Förderung einer nachhaltigen Fischerei und Aquakultur10.07.2013 Organic aquaculture and sustainable fisheries - ecolabelling and aquaculture certification Mark Prein, GIZ
  3. 3. Seite 3 Definition: Organic Aquaculture Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 production management systems that: • promote and enhance biodiversity, biological cycles and biological activity; and are based on: • minimal use of off-farm inputs; • holistic management practices that restore, maintain and enhance species diversity and ecological harmony.
  4. 4. Seite 4 History of Organic Aquaculture Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • 1994 Organic carp: Austria, Germany • 1995 Organic salmon standard: Ireland (Naturland) • 1998 Organic salmon standard (Soil Association) • 1999 Organic shrimp standard: Ecuador (Naturland & GTZ) • 2000 France national OA standard • 2000 Organic shrimp: Vietnam (Naturland and SIPPO) • 2000 IFOAM basic OA standard • 2001 Organic tilapia: Israel • 2002 Organic sea bream: France • 2005 California bans labelling of organic seafood • 2005 Organic micro-algae: Taiwan POC • 2006 Organic pangasius: Vietnam (Naturland & GTZ) • 2009 EU Organic Aquaculture Rules in force
  5. 5. Seite 5 Organic Aquaculture Production (2009) Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 tonnes Bergleiter et al. 2009
  6. 6. Seite 6 Status of Organic Aquaculture Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • 100,000 tons global production • € 400 million total market value, € 1 billion producer turnover • > 240 certified operations (China: 72) • 30 countries • 30 Species • 80 different standards (EU: 18) • Trend: steady growth • National standards/labels Bergleiter et al. 2009
  7. 7. Seite 7 Geographic Distribution of Organic Aquaculture Production (2008) Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 Bergleiter et al. 2009
  8. 8. Seite 8Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 IFOAM 2010
  9. 9. Seite 9 Species: Fish Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • “Carp” • “Trout” • Atlantic salmon • Red drum • Meagre • Sea bream • Sea bass • Tilapia • Striped catfish (pangasius)
  10. 10. Seite 10 Species: Shellfish Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • Black tiger shrimp • Western white shrimp • Pink shrimp • Freshwater prawn • Blue mussel • Chilean mussel
  11. 11. Seite 11 Production Issues Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • Species permitted; introductions • Biodiversity (e.g. plants on dikes) • Recommendation for polyculture • Rearing systems: cages, ponds; tank systems (hatcheries) • Stocking density limited • Aeration use: Energy efficiency • Climate impact (CO2/kg) • Monitoring of effluent quality • Ecological status of systems (e.g. benthos) • Social Standards
  12. 12. Seite 12 Production Issues: Health Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • Reduced instances of diseases • Costs for medical treatments reduced • Net cages: sea lice – cleaner fish (wrasse) • No antibiotics in invertebrates (e.g. Naturland; EU less stringent) • Vaccinations permitted • Probiotics permitted • Predator control: birds (nets), otters, seals • Unwanted fish fry: plant extracts • Detergents, anti-foulants • Distance between farms
  13. 13. Seite 13 Production Issues: Feed Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • Bottleneck in supply of certified organic feed = main impediment to expansion ! • Net cages, semi-intensive pond culture • Demand outstrips feed supply • Ingredients sourced on international markets • Initiate local production • Sourcing ingredients locally • Permissible sources and limits of fish meal and fish oil
  14. 14. Seite 14 Certification of Smallholder Groups Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • Long history with certification of coffee and tea farmer cooperatives • Based on functioning ICS (Internal Control System) • Costs typically covered by processing/exporting companies • Certified shrimp farmer groups in Costa Rica, India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Indonesia
  15. 15. Seite 15 Products Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • Fresh • Frozen • Smoked • Marinated • MAP-packed • Value-added products
  16. 16. Seite 16 Consumer Perspective Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • Consumer is the driving factor! • Evolution and diversification • “Naturally grown” / “Sustainable” • “Healthy” • “Taste” • “Fair” • “Special Treat” • = LOHAS (“Lifestyle of Health and Safety”)
  17. 17. Seite 17 Future Outlook Präsentationstitel hier eintragen10.07.2013 • Production increases: salmon, “shrimp” • Total value of € 1 billion in 2012 (?) • Undersupply for some finfish: e.g. tilapia, trout • Further diversification needed • Feed bottleneck to be solved • Harmonization, but competitive business • USDA decision – then expansion in the USA • Market expansion, e.g. China, South Korea, Russia
  18. 18. Seite 18Sektorvorhaben Förderung einer nachhaltigen Fischerei und Aquakultur10.07.2013

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