Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Brussels Briefing n. 57: Jan Douwe van der Ploeg " Smallholder agriculture: strengths and challenges, evolution and recent trends "

107 views

Published on

The Brussels Development Briefing n. 57 on “Investing in smallholder agriculture for food security and nutrition” organised by CTA, the European Commission/EuropeAid and the ACP Secretariat was held on Wednesday 11th September 2019, 9h00-13h00 at the ACP Secretariat, Avenue Georges Henri 451, 1200 Brussels, Room C. The Briefing discussed smallholder agriculture and its key role in delivering food security/nutrition, and sustainable food systems, as recognised in SDG 2.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Brussels Briefing n. 57: Jan Douwe van der Ploeg " Smallholder agriculture: strengths and challenges, evolution and recent trends "

  1. 1. Smallholder agriculture: strengths and challenges, evolution and recent trends Brussels, 11 September 2019 Jan Douwe van der Ploeg
  2. 2. United States: Number of farms by sales class Source : [USDA, 2007]
  3. 3. US Commission on Small Farms: “....the necessity to recognize the small farm as the cornerstone of our agricultural and rural economy” http://www.nifa.usda.gov/familysmallfarms.cfm
  4. 4. Marketed surplus Self-provisioning of food Labour Farm (crops, livestock, food processing, hunting, fishing, direct marketing) Household Embedded in extended family, rural community, reciprocity) incomeLabour Other sources of income: Decapitalization of agricultural assets; public transfers; rental incomes; etc. income Re-use in next cycle Sold production partly used as income Sold production partly used for (re-)investments Non-agricultural activities: Self-employment outside agriculture, off-farm wages, migration, delivery of machine services, etc. Savings to be used for investments Labour investments Formal and informal loans
  5. 5. Smallholders can contribute to: •Food security •Overall economic development •Employment and income •Productivity •Sustainability •Landscape, biodiversity, climate •Emancipation •Cultural heritage
  6. 6. Modernization script (responding to specific historical circumstances) 1) Move labour to industry 2) Provide cheap food for urban centres 3) Introduce new technologies (+credit) 4) Contribute to exports
  7. 7. Modernization script (responding to specific historical circumstances) 1) Move labour to industry 2) Provide cheap food for urban centres 3) Introduce new technologies (+credit) 4) Contribute to exports Type of farm: *large scale *specialized *technologically driven intensity *ongoing expansion
  8. 8. Modernization script (responding to specific historical circumstances) 1) Move labour to industry 2) Provide cheap food for urban centres 3) Introduce new technologies (+credit) 4) Contribute to exports Different context, (asking for a new script)
  9. 9. Modernization script (responding to specific historical circumstances) 1) Move labour to industry 2) Provide cheap food for urban centres 3) Introduce new technologies (+credit) 4) Contribute to exports Different context, (asking for a new script) 1) Create employment in countryside 2) Generate adequate incomes in agr. 3) Develop skill-oriented techniques 4) Contribute to food sovereignty
  10. 10. Modernization script (responding to specific historical circumstances) 1) Move labour to industry 2) Provide cheap food for urban centres 3) Introduce new technologies (+credit) 4) Contribute to exports Different context, (asking for a new script) 1) Create employment in countryside 2) Generate adequate incomes in agr. 3) Develop skill-oriented techniques 4) Contribute to food sovereignty Changing context, changing targets, new farm type needed Dynamic, sustainable and resilient SH farms based an agroecological principles and processes
  11. 11. Are small farmers doomed to disappear? New empirical insights. intensity scale small medium large
  12. 12. Are small farmers doomed to disappear? New empirical insights. intensity scale small medium large Resources move ‘upwards’ Small holders move out
  13. 13. Size class 10- 50 nge 51,303 farms Size class 50- 100 nge 17,918 farms Size class 100-200 nge 2,205 farms Netherlands, 1980-1990 period SMALL MEDIUM LARGE Farms with grazing animals: different size categories Are small farmers doomed to disappear? New empirical insights.
  14. 14. Size class 10- 50 nge 51,303 farms Size class 50- 100 nge 17,918 farms Size class 100-200 nge 2,205 farms Outflow 15,147 farms Outflow 996 farms Outflow 210 farms 1980-1990 period SMALL MEDIUM LARGE New empirical insights
  15. 15. Size class 10- 50 nge 51,303 farms Size class 50- 100 nge 17,918 farms Size class 100-200 nge 2,205 farms Inflow 7,966 newly created farms Inflow 1,165 newly created farms Inflow 210 newly created farms Outflow 15,147 farms Outflow 996 farms Outflow 210 farms 1980-1990 period SMALL MEDIUM LARGE
  16. 16. Size class 10- 50 nge 51,303 farms Size class 50- 100 nge 17,918 farms Size class 100-200 nge 2,205 farms Inflow 7,966 newly created farms Inflow 1,165 newly created farms Inflow 210 newly created farms Outflow 15,147 farms Outflow 996 farms Outflow 210 farms Growth > 25% 9129 farms Growth > 25% 2824 farms Growth > 25% 273 farms 1980-1990 period SMALL MEDIUM LARGE
  17. 17. Size class 10- 50 nge 51,303 farms Size class 50- 100 nge 17,918 farms Size class 100-200 nge 2,205 farms Inflow 7,966 newly created farms Inflow 1,165 newly created farms Inflow 210 newly created farms Outflow 15,147 farms Outflow 996 farms Outflow 210 farms Growth > 25% 9129 farms Growth > 25% 2824 farms Growth > 25% 273 farms Decrease >25% 10,574 farms Decrease >25% 2,008 farms Decrease >25% 365 farms 1980-1990 period SMALL MEDIUM LARGE
  18. 18. Size class 10- 50 nge 51,303 farms Size class 50- 100 nge 17,918 farms Size class 100-200 nge 2,205 farms Etc. Inflow 7,966 newly created farms Inflow 1,165 newly created farms Inflow 210 newly created farms Outflow 15,147 farms Outflow 996 farms Outflow 210 farms Growth > 25% 9129 farms Growth > 25% 2824 farms Growth > 25% 273 farms Decrease >25% 10,574 farms Decrease >25% 2,008 farms Decrease >25% 365 farms Through- flow 5,823 Through- flow 869 1980-1990 period SMALL MEDIUM LARGE
  19. 19. intensity scale small medium large Resources move ‘upwards’ Small holders move out Rethink standard wisdom
  20. 20. SH not only disappearing, they are developing as well New empirical insights. intensity scale small medium large Other smallholders develop their farms Some small holders move out
  21. 21. intensity scale small medium large Complex cyclical processes Redistribution of resources
  22. 22. intensity scale small medium large Complex processes driven forward by SH Construction of new, resilient SH
  23. 23. Size category (departing from the 1980 situation) in nge Net contribution to total growth (measured in nge) < 50 nge 175,416 50-100 nge 258,913 100-200 nge 37,979 200-400 nge 3,237 >400nge 119
  24. 24. What is to be done? • Recognize that modernization is not (anymore) the right pathway • Change distribution of benefits and costs entailed in rural policies • Improve accessibility to markets, construct territorial markets and allow for (temporary) market protection • Support female farmers and young people • Improve local seeds, local reforestation, local irrigation schemes and support agroecology • Get in dialogue with SH organizations
  25. 25. What is to be done? • Recognize that modernization is not (anymore) the right pathway • Change distribution of benefits and costs entailed in rural policies • Improve accessibility to markets, construct territorial markets and allow for (temporary) market protection • Support female farmers and young people • Improve local seeds, local reforestation, local irrigation schemes and support agroecology • Get in dialogue with SH organizations
  26. 26. What is to be done? • Recognize that modernization is not (anymore) the right pathway • Change distribution of benefits and costs entailed in rural policies • Improve accessibility to markets, construct territorial markets and allow for (temporary) market protection • Support female farmers and young people • Improve local seeds, local reforestation, local irrigation schemes and support agroecology • Get in dialogue with SH organizations
  27. 27. What is to be done? • Recognize that modernization is not (anymore) the right pathway • Change distribution of benefits and costs entailed in rural policies • Improve accessibility to markets, construct territorial markets and allow for (temporary) market protection • Support female farmers and young people • Improve local seeds, local reforestation, local irrigation schemes and support agroecology • Get in dialogue with SH organizations
  28. 28. What is to be done? • Recognize that modernization is not (anymore) the right pathway • Change distribution of benefits and costs entailed in rural policies • Improve accessibility to markets, construct territorial markets and allow for (temporary) market protection • Support female farmers and young people • Improve local seeds, local reforestation, local irrigation schemes and support agroecology • Get in dialogue with SH organizations
  29. 29. What is to be done? • Recognize that modernization is not (anymore) the right pathway • Change distribution of benefits and costs entailed in rural policies • Improve accessibility to markets, construct territorial markets and allow for (temporary) market protection • Support female farmers and young people • Improve local seeds, local reforestation, local irrigation schemes and support agroecology • Get in dialogue with SH organizations
  30. 30. What is to be done? • Recognize that modernization is not (anymore) the right pathway • Change distribution of benefits and costs entailed in rural policies • Improve accessibility to markets, construct territorial markets and allow for (temporary) market protection • Support female farmers and young people • Improve local seeds, local reforestation, local irrigation schemes and support agroecology • Get in dialogue with SH organizations

×