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Sustainable agriculture: where are we on SDGs
implementation?
A global narrative towards food security
and nutrition AND A...
SDG 2 : between SDG 1 and SDG 3
SDG 2 : Eradicate hunger, ensure food security and nutrition and
promote sustainable agric...
5 Targets SDG 2
1. By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable
si...
Gaps, trade-offs and contradictory
injunctions
1. By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all
people, in particular the p...
Nexus:
Synergies
Contradictions
… and actions
Levers
Compromise
Agricultural
production
Food security
Ecosystems
health
Human
health
Social
development
Food systems
Agriculture Food syst...
Goals and challenges to reach them
• 1st paradox
– Never so bad
– Never so well
• 2nd paradox
– The house is burning…
– In...
HLPE report
• “What is your opinion about the lack of food in the rest of the world?”
• HLPE report is different from
– A ...
FSN: Building a global narrative towards 2030
Past HLPE publications : many complex issues related to FSN
Building a globa...
FSN: Building a global narrative towards 2030
HLPE publications highlight 4 findings (HLPF):
1. The tight and complex inte...
Food systems (not only production) are actually at the heart of a
nexus linking:
• Human health and needs
• Ecosystems hea...
• Malnutrition and not only hunger: in three people
• All countries
• Overweight and obesity is growing rapidly, while
und...
3. Radical transformations needed
• An incredible transformation
• Fantastic! But at what costs ? Not sustainable!
• Radic...
Caron et al. 2018. ASD
• Context specificity and adapted pathways
• No magic bullet nor “one size fits all” solution
• No scaling-up
• Local init...
Thank you for your attention!
Brussels Briefing 54: Patrick Caron ''Transforming food systems to reach SDG2''
Brussels Briefing 54: Patrick Caron ''Transforming food systems to reach SDG2''
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Brussels Briefing 54: Patrick Caron ''Transforming food systems to reach SDG2''

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The Brussels Policy Briefing n. 54 on ”Sustainable agriculture: where are we on SDGs implementation?” took place on 27th February 2019 (European Commission, Charlemagne Building, Alcide de Gasperi Room, Rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels).

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Brussels Briefing 54: Patrick Caron ''Transforming food systems to reach SDG2''

  1. 1. Sustainable agriculture: where are we on SDGs implementation? A global narrative towards food security and nutrition AND Agenda 2030 Dr Patrick Caron, HLPE Steering Committee Chair Brussels Development Policy Briefing, CTA Brussels, 27 February 2019
  2. 2. SDG 2 : between SDG 1 and SDG 3 SDG 2 : Eradicate hunger, ensure food security and nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture Poverty Health Choices which are not natural!
  3. 3. 5 Targets SDG 2 1. By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round 2. By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons 3. By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment 4. By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality 5. By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
  4. 4. Gaps, trade-offs and contradictory injunctions 1. By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round 2. By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons 3. By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment 4. By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality 5. By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed Obesity ? Productivity – income? Priorities and trade-offs?
  5. 5. Nexus: Synergies Contradictions … and actions Levers Compromise
  6. 6. Agricultural production Food security Ecosystems health Human health Social development Food systems Agriculture Food systems Producing more to eat enough Producing better towards healthy eating
  7. 7. Goals and challenges to reach them • 1st paradox – Never so bad – Never so well • 2nd paradox – The house is burning… – Inaction… no change… • Evidence – A lot of change… not always in the “right” direction – But not fast enough to address the expectations and the risks • If not faster – Not because laziness, procrastination, or lack of will or funding – “Good” reasons: • Lack of data, cost and risk of change, path dependency • Asymmetry of power, conflict of interest • Incapacity to discuss and agree ! This is why the HLPE has been created!
  8. 8. HLPE report • “What is your opinion about the lack of food in the rest of the world?” • HLPE report is different from – A scientific report – An advocacy report – An intergovernmental report To identify disagreements … and formulate an agreement on disagreements … to contribute to policy convergence
  9. 9. FSN: Building a global narrative towards 2030 Past HLPE publications : many complex issues related to FSN Building a global narrative around FSN towards 2030 (2020 report) Download all its publications: http://www.fao.org/cfs/cfs-hlpe/en/ HLPE publications highlight 4 findings
  10. 10. FSN: Building a global narrative towards 2030 HLPE publications highlight 4 findings (HLPF): 1. The tight and complex interactions between sectors 2. Beyond hunger, need for a new vision of FSN related challenges 3. The need for a radical transformation of agriculture and food systems as a whole to improve FSN and achieve the Agenda 2030 4. Diverse situations, diverse solutions, global challenges
  11. 11. Food systems (not only production) are actually at the heart of a nexus linking: • Human health and needs • Ecosystems health • Climate change • Social justice • Political stability SDG2 : agriculture and food SDG2 and 2030 Agenda 1. The tight and complex interactions
  12. 12. • Malnutrition and not only hunger: in three people • All countries • Overweight and obesity is growing rapidly, while undernutrition is on the rise again (821 million people hungry) • Drivers for change: urbanization, income growth and changes in lifestyles 2. Beyond hunger, we need a new vision of FSN related challenges
  13. 13. 3. Radical transformations needed • An incredible transformation • Fantastic! But at what costs ? Not sustainable! • Radical transformations – To contribute to the progressive realization of the right to adequate food – As a lever to the whole 2030 Agenda
  14. 14. Caron et al. 2018. ASD
  15. 15. • Context specificity and adapted pathways • No magic bullet nor “one size fits all” solution • No scaling-up • Local initiatives and innovations essential to build upon and strengthen social capital and inclusive territory renaissance • Embeddedness and interactions among micro, meso and macro drivers and processes 4. Diverse situations, diverse solutions, global challenges
  16. 16. Thank you for your attention!

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