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Brussels Briefing 52: Kristina Roesel "Importance and experience building capacity of informal markets in SSA"


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The Brussels Development Briefing no. 52 on “Food safety: a critical part of the food system in Africa ” took place on 19 September 2018 from 09h00 to 13h00, ACP Secretariat, Brussels 451 Avenue Georges Henri, 1200 Brussels. This Briefing was organised by the ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), in collaboration with the European Commission (DG DEVCO & DG Health and Food Safety), the ACP Secretariat, CONCORD and the Global Food Safety Partnership.

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Brussels Briefing 52: Kristina Roesel "Importance and experience building capacity of informal markets in SSA"

  1. 1. The importance of and experience in building the capacity of informal markets, especially in the context of sub-Saharan Africa Kristina Roesel Brussels Policy Briefing no. 52 “Food safety in Africa” 19 September 2018 in Brussels
  2. 2. CGIAR global partnership for a food secure future • Vision: A world free of poverty, hunger and environmental degradation. • Approach: Poverty alleviation through agricultural research • 15 non-profit research centres • 8,000 research and support staff • ROI 1US$  17US$
  3. 3. • Program led by IFPRI • 5 Flagships – Food Systems for Healthier Diets – Biofortification – Food safety – Supporting Policies, Programs, and Enabling Action through Research (SPEAR) – Improving Human Health
  4. 4. Target group: Informal markets in sub-Sahara Africa © ILRI/Danilo Pezo © ILRI/Dave Elsworth © ILRI/Stevie Mann • Provide food and jobs for billions • Very heterogenous & overwhelming to organize • Interventions for better local health outcomes © ILRI/Ben Lukuyu © CSRS/Valentin B. Koné © ILRI/Dave Elsworth © ILRI/Apollo Habtamu
  5. 5. How to deal with informal markets? Ban or promote? Previously mostly unsuccessful: regulation/inspection • lack of prerequisites to meet standards • lack of enforcement of standards • vested interests Compromise: professionalize, not criminalize © Erastus Kang‘ethe, 2014 (ILRI/BMZ Safe Food Fair Food)
  6. 6.  Evidence: value-chain based, risk-based  Interventions: pilots and rigorous evaluation  Impact: Policy engagement, food safety champions Our approach
  7. 7. Gaps in understanding how to manage food safety in informal markets Where to intervene? Intervention on farm Intervention at market How to intervene? Technological (i.e. aflasafe™, resistant based variants) Institutional (i.e. T&C milk traders) Technically effective? Contribution to improved food safety and nutrition? Cost-effective? Will they take up the intervention? How many beneficiaries do we reach?
  8. 8. bulking © ILRI/Stevie Mann © ILRI/Ben Lukuyu © ILRI/Apollo Habtamu © ILRI/Brad Collins © ILRI/Stevie Mann © SUA/Fortunate Shija © ILRI/Dave Elsworth Why target raw milk traders??
  9. 9. Technological interventions coupled with training of value chain actors savings on firewood / month = 900,000 UGX (260 US$) + >100 trees Reach: 50% of all pork butchers and their 3,500-14,000 customers in Kampala
  10. 10. Gumboots (6US$) Tippy tap (1US$) Bar of soap (0.50US$) 250mL bleach (0.70US$) Laminated poster and certificate (6 US$) = ca. 15 US$ per kit Reach: All butchers and their customers in the study sites 50% of all pork butchers and their 3,500-14,000 customers in Kampala
  11. 11. Uptake by the private sector Initiated by PPM 2017: 5,000 people 2018: 15,000 people
  12. 12. Pulling at the consumer end of the supply chain
  13. 13. Pull approach (demand for safe food) Push approach (supply of safe food) Reduced burden FBD, professionalizing informal sector, appropriate governance ENABLING ENVIRONMENT Consumers recognize & demand safer food VC actors respond to demand & incentives Inform, monitor & legitimize VC actors Build capacity & motivation of regulators Consumer campaign for empowered consumers Gather baseline information for detailed intervention planning and advocacy Harness market place drivers of progress
  14. 14. Senegal Ghana Ethiopia Kenya Tanzania MozambiqueSouth Africa Mali Acknowledgements Uganda Côte d’Ivoire Nigeria And all the local and national governments, NARS, students and value chain actors.
  15. 15. The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI. Kristina Roesel Project coordinator “Safe Food, Fair Food” (2012-2016) Jointly appointed scientist Freie Universität Berlin / International Livestock Research Institute Better lives through livestock ASANTE SANA - THANK YOU!