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Brussels Briefing 50: Coumbaly Diaw "The experience of micro-gardening in West Africa"

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The Brussels Development Briefing no. 50 on “Growing food in the cities: Successes and new opportunities” took place on 10 April 2018 from 09h00 to 13h00, ACP Secretariat, Brussels 451 Avenue Georges Henri, 1200 Brussels. This Briefing was organised by the ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), in collaboration with the European Commission / DEVCO, the ACP Secretariat, and CONCORD.

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Brussels Briefing 50: Coumbaly Diaw "The experience of micro-gardening in West Africa"

  1. 1. Micro-garden initiatives in Senegal: expanding into other countries in West Africa Coumbaly DIAW, Coordinator, sub-regional component Milan-Dakar micro-gardens project Email: coumbalydiaw@fao.org
  2. 2. FAO Food for the Cities programme The Growing Greener Cities concept (GGC) An approach to facilitate the sustainable development of urban and peri-urban horticulture (UPH) to support food and nutritional security.
  3. 3. 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 Low-income developing countries All developing countries The challenge: Malnutrition and poverty resulting from rapid urban population growth Growth of the urban population in developing countries, 2010–2050 Source: United Nations Population Division Percent
  4. 4. GGC: 5S S-1 Securing access to land (space) and water for irrigation. S-2 Securing product quality and protection of the environment. S-3 Securing participation by all stakeholders and partners. S-4 Securing markets for products. S-5 Securing political and institutional commitment. Include these spaces in city development plans and identify and secure water for irrigation. Implement Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) throughout the value chain. Capacity building for stakeholders and partners in the sector. Local markets, nutritional education in schools. GCC Municipal Programme. A coordination (facilitation) unit for implementation. Inclusion of UPH in policy documents.
  5. 5. What is a micro-garden? • A micro-garden is a small garden adapted to urban areas and in particular high density neighbourhoods that lack space around dwellings. • Beneficiaries targeted by FAO: Poor landless families in urban environments. • Stakeholders: Women and children, elderly people. • Aim: Daily availability of fresh vegetables for home consumption and local sale. before after • Criteria for appropriate space: 1–10 square metres of free space, minimum six hours of sunlight per day, clean water supply. Photo: W.Baudoin Photo: W.Baudoin
  6. 6. AVANTAGES DES MICROJARDIN Growing at home and having daily access to a variety of vegetables that are healthy and rich in vitamins, thus combating the risks of malnutrition. Obtaining a small income by selling surplus produce, thus contributing to the well-being of the family. Advantages of micro-gardens Photo: W.Baudoin
  7. 7. Milan-Dakar micro-gardens project CONTEXT: • Following the FAO’s introduction of the first micro-garden ‘table’ to arrive in Senegal from Columbia in 1999, micro-gardening technology was adapted to Senegal and disseminated across households through training sessions by the Horticulture Directorate and support from an FAO TCP project. • Between 2006 and 2014, with commitment from the mayors of Dakar and Milan, collaboration from the Horticulture Directorate, technical support from the FAO, and as part of Italy’s decentralised cooperation, two phases of the Micro-Gardens in Senegal project were implemented.
  8. 8. 2014–2016 phase III of the GDCP/SEN/002/ITA project which involves consolidating the Dakar municipality micro-gardens initiative to support food and nutritional security, and regional expansion to Burkina Faso, Niger and Gambia. 8 In 2017 DAKAR-DOUALA-PRAIA City-to-City initiative Pilot project for the implementation and development of micro-gardens in PRAIA in Cabo Verde and Douala in Cameroon through South-South cooperation with the city of Dakar.
  9. 9.  Consolidation and appropriation of the micro- garden programme by stakeholders and partners throughout the value chain in Senegal and particularly in the city of Dakar.  Ensure the training of the greatest possible number of beneficiaries.  Establish a process to facilitate and guide the integration of micro-garden initiatives to support urban food and nutritional security.  Support the regional expansion of micro-garden initiatives to Burkina Faso, Niger and Gambia, Cabo Verde and Douala.  Strengthen local governments in the area of food systems in order to improve food and nutritional security in cities, through South-South cooperation mechanisms. MAIN OBJECTIVES 9 Photo: W.Baudoin
  10. 10. A number of tangible results have been achieved in Senegal:  24 trainers have been trained in micro-garden technologies, compost and vermicompost production, and organisation of the sector.  9,684 beneficiaries were trained between 2006 and 2016.  More than 8,000 planting tables have been made available to beneficiaries since the start of the project.  49 Community Production Centres and 12 Training and Demonstration Centres have been set up around the 19 communes of the city of Dakar.  1 purchasing organisation for micro-garden products has been established in Dakar. RESULTS 10
  11. 11.  80% of beneficiaries are women, and 50% are young people aged under 36.  Training has been targeted in favour of vulnerable groups such as people with disabilities, the elderly, orphans, those who are ill or recovering…  Creation of teaching micro-gardens to support nutritional and environmental education in 27 primary schools. …RESULTS 11 Photo: W.Baudoin
  12. 12. 12 Official inauguration of the Cambèrene purchasing organisation during the Dakar forum on urban food policies on 23 September 2016, an event accompanying the ‘Milan Urban Food Policy Pact’ (MUFPP) international initiative.
  13. 13. On the political, institutional and structural level, the city of Dakar has taken ownership of the project in a number of ways:  The micro-garden initiative and its management unit is integrated into the socio-economic programme of the city of Dakar and its 19 communes.  Operational team of 24 supervisors/trainers, 19 women and 5 men.  Provision of premises for the 12 Training and Demonstration Centres and 49 Community Production Centres with secure site occupancy and access to water.  Inclusion of the micro-gardens initiative on the city of Dakar website.  Integration of the micro-gardens programme in the city development plan. POLITICAL AND INSTITUTIONAL OWNERSHIP 13
  14. 14. At the sub-regional level, micro-garden technologies have been introduced in Burkina Faso (Ouagadougou), Gambia, Niger, in Douala and in Praia  Training of trainers organised in Dakar with the participation of five representatives from each city.  Establishment of a Training and Demonstration Centre, a Community Production Centre and a primary school teaching unit in each city (Niamey, Banjul, Ouagadougou, Praia, Douala) on premises provided by the local authorities. SUB-REGIONAL EXPANSION 14 Photo: W.Baudoin
  15. 15. 15 • Training Trainers trained in the 5 cities. More than 500 families trained in micro-gardening techniques. • Awareness-raising activities on urban food policies. • Support to governments and local authorities to improve the efficiency of policies, institutional frameworks and support services for urban and peri-urban agriculture. • Drawing up a ‘Green Cities’ strategy in city master-plans.
  16. 16. • Empowerment of micro-garden stakeholders, expansion of micro-garden technology to other African cities in response to growing demand. • Supporting cities in their policy and planning in order to establish sustainable food systems in line with international declarations and initiatives, and working with municipalities in the context of the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact (MUFPP). PROSPECTS IN SENEGAL AND THE BROADER SUB-REGION 16
  17. 17. Photo credits Giada Connestari La Stampa/FOOD4 Thank you for your attention!

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