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Brussels Briefing 49:
Youth in agribusiness: shaping the future of agriculture
Presentation
Betty Wampfler ,IRC SupAgro Mo...
Brussels Policy Briefing n. 49
Youth in agribusiness: shaping the future of agriculture
Organised by CTA, ACP Secretariat,...
Thousands of young people in rural areas joining the labour market
Recent consensus: agriculture is a source of youth empl...
Rural centres
Rural continuums
Rural stations
Rural ghettos
Today
Revitalisation
of rural areas
Abandonment
of rural areas...
Productive family farms,
with high economic,
social and environmental
value
Today’s
family farms
IRC and partners at work ...
2. Establishing young people is the
key to this transformation
IRC and partners at work / three agricultural scenarios
Tod...
IRC and partners at work / 3 agricultural scenarios
3. Market alone cannot support establishment of young people
Need for ...
Since 2008, a series of activities feeding into discussions
- AFD Conference April 2017
- Our meeting today
Soon available...
Cambodia
Since 2008, a series of activities feeding into discussions
Mauritania/CRF
2013–2014
Senegal/
Alfang Jappoo,
2014...
Cambodia
 How are young people establishing
themselves – or not – in agriculture today,
in various contexts?
 How to sup...
Contributing to discussions, a first methodological step
Developing an evaluation grid that can be used for:
Understandin...
Necessary conditions for sustainable establishment?
Society?
Wampfler B. 2014
EFFECTS
Skills
Practices
Results
Vision –
Baseline
Objectives
Structure-
Resources
Activities
Governance
Training-insertio...
What do we learn from these works
/young people in agriculture?
How do young people establish themselves in
agriculture to...
Cambodia
In the absence of any support mechanism for establishment and political will
But many points in common….
Today’s...
Cambodia
In the absence of any support mechanism for establishment and political will
Families push young people away
fro...
What do we learn from these works/
young people in agriculture?
How do young people establish themselves in
agriculture to...
Studies / five mechanisms for training and insertion
Fékama
Agricultural
colleges
Madagascar
2002
AFOP CAMEROON
2008
CIDAP...
Analysis of the five training/support mechanisms
FEKAMA
Madagascar
CIDAP
Togo
AFOP
Cameroon
ALFANG
Senegal
COOPARA
Côte d’...
Results, effects, …
Young people are coming forward to receive training
Young people build their own operation…
With famil...
Results, effects, …
They are facing difficulties
Access to land
Post-harvest losses,
health accidents
Family
meddling
Surv...
Results, effects, …
But they are getting results ….
Self-esteem
See themselves being
active and entrepreneurial
Income…
Ch...
Results, effects (specifically) linked to support received
What are the
factors of ‘success’?
That allow
sufficient time
M...
Concluding elements… (very provisional) …
Young people as effective participants
in the transformation of family farms
Pro...
These studies have led us to meet
young people, trainers/advisers, (some) politicians,
overflowing with vitality and proje...
Thank you for your attention
Betty Wampfler
betty.wampfler@supagro.fr
Photo credits
AFOP Cameroon
FEKAMA FERT Madagascar
C...
Annexes for debate – pending issues ….
1.
How to ensure
sustainability
of these types
of mechanism?
Techniques
Skills
Tool...
2. How to change scale? Mass training?
25 … 380… 1,400
young people trained
and employed
… 100,000 ….
….300,000…
… cohorts...
2. How to change scale? Mass training?
25 … 380… 1,400
young people trained
and employed
… 100,000 ….
….300,000…
… cohorts...
2. How to change scale? Mass training?
25 … 380… 1,400
young people trained
and employed
… 100,000 ….
….300,000…
… cohorts...
2. How to change scale? Mass training?
25 … 380… 1,400
young people trained
and employed
… 100,000 ….
….300,000…
… cohorts...
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Brussels Briefing 49 “Youth in agribusiness: shaping the future of agriculture" Betty Wampfler : Experiences of youth going into agriculture: main drivers of success

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The Brussels Development Briefing no. 49 on “Youth in agribusiness: shaping the future of agriculture” took place on 18th of May 2017 from 09:00 to 13:00, at the ACP Secretariat in Brussels, Belgium. This Briefing was co-organised by CTA, the ACP Secretariat, European Commission (DG DEVCO), Concord, PAFO and AgriCord.

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Brussels Briefing 49 “Youth in agribusiness: shaping the future of agriculture" Betty Wampfler : Experiences of youth going into agriculture: main drivers of success

  1. 1. Brussels Briefing 49: Youth in agribusiness: shaping the future of agriculture Presentation Betty Wampfler ,IRC SupAgro Montpellier “Preparing for the future by accompanying the establishment of young people in productive family farms with high economic, social and environmental value ”
  2. 2. Brussels Policy Briefing n. 49 Youth in agribusiness: shaping the future of agriculture Organised by CTA, ACP Secretariat, European Commission (DG DEVCO), Concord, PAFO and AgriCord Preparing for the future by accompanying the establishment of young people in productive family farms with high economic, social and environmental value Capitalising on research and development work Betty Wampfler, IRC SupAgro Montpellier 18 May 2017, Brussels
  3. 3. Thousands of young people in rural areas joining the labour market Recent consensus: agriculture is a source of youth employment East Asia Southern & Central Asia Sub-Saharan Africa 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 Source: RuralStruct, with data from United Nations, World Population Prospects, 2008 Revision Cohorts of young people joining the labour market every year (millions) 20502015 Inclusion of young people, a vital challenge, now acknowledged globally Inadequate secondary and tertiary sectors / these cohorts Pending questions: What type of agriculture? Which policies, which support?
  4. 4. Rural centres Rural continuums Rural stations Rural ghettos Today Revitalisation of rural areas Abandonment of rural areas Smaller numerous lower input multifunctional systems of activity linked to local markets of diversified products Fewer higher input large agro-industrial systems of activity linked to global markets of standardised products Which agriculture, which rural policy? Adapted from R. Bourgeois GFAR, a forward-looking vision…
  5. 5. Productive family farms, with high economic, social and environmental value Today’s family farms IRC and partners at work / three agricultural scenarios 1. By transforming themselves, family farms can fulfil five essential functions: Feed mankind Produce wealth Sustainably manage resources Employ large numbers of people Contribute to social stability Rural continuums
  6. 6. 2. Establishing young people is the key to this transformation IRC and partners at work / three agricultural scenarios Today’s family farms Productive family farms, with high economic, social and environmental value Creation of sustainable jobs Transformation/modernisation Rural continuums
  7. 7. IRC and partners at work / 3 agricultural scenarios 3. Market alone cannot support establishment of young people Need for ‘political will’ and suitable support mechanisms What mechanisms to support the creation of these new farming occupations? Insertion kit?
  8. 8. Since 2008, a series of activities feeding into discussions - AFD Conference April 2017 - Our meeting today Soon available online on the FAR and MSA/IRC websites Initial and continuing training activities AFD technical note n°27 Individual and collective student apprenticeships Expertise and support for development Research and development Mobilising around 20 activities & Partners FERT FEKAMA AFOP – FAR CIDAP- ALFANG COOPARA …
  9. 9. Cambodia Since 2008, a series of activities feeding into discussions Mauritania/CRF 2013–2014 Senegal/ Alfang Jappoo, 2014 – 2016 – 2017 Benin/ Arcade RAFAM, 2015 Togo/CIDAP 2015 Cameroon AFOP 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Madagascar Fekama 2015 Formaprod 2016 Vakinankatra 2016 Morocco/OP 2014 Niger/OP 2014 Ghana/Cocoa 2014 Cambodia, 2017 thesis France Aveyron Gard Limousin Corse Montpellier CI/ Coopara 2014 2016
  10. 10. Cambodia  How are young people establishing themselves – or not – in agriculture today, in various contexts?  How to support them in establishing themselves to ensure more sustainable prospects? - What training and support mechanisms? - What results/effects: - Young people? - Local communities? - Macro level? - How to make mechanisms sustainable? - How to change the scale? The issue of mass training To the south, to the north, the situation today
  11. 11. Contributing to discussions, a first methodological step Developing an evaluation grid that can be used for: Understanding the establishment process with/without support framework Building training/support mechanisms Analysing the effect of the mechanisms Considering the sustainability of these mechanisms Thinking about a change of scale An analysis grid underpinning the number of studies and allowing comparisons (to some extent)
  12. 12. Necessary conditions for sustainable establishment? Society? Wampfler B. 2014
  13. 13. EFFECTS Skills Practices Results Vision – Baseline Objectives Structure- Resources Activities Governance Training-insertion framework Frameworkpractices Terms for drawing up the framework Conditions for sustainability of framework Society?
  14. 14. What do we learn from these works /young people in agriculture? How do young people establish themselves in agriculture today when there is no support mechanism? How do young people establish themselves within the framework of the five support mechanisms specifically analysed? Results, effects, questions …
  15. 15. Cambodia In the absence of any support mechanism for establishment and political will But many points in common…. Today’s family farms do not motivate young people: those who stay or who come back are those who have failed elsewhere They can however act as a safety net When young people do establish themselves, they do so with very few resources, mainly from their families These resources only rarely allow transformation/modernisation A great diversity of situations ….
  16. 16. Cambodia In the absence of any support mechanism for establishment and political will Families push young people away from farming Farming support services have no specific help for young people  Few PAOs really integrate young people Everything is even harder for young women, who rarely have any prospect of farming activity outside marriage
  17. 17. What do we learn from these works/ young people in agriculture? How do young people establish themselves in agriculture today when there is no support mechanism? How do young people establish themselves within the framework of the five support mechanisms specifically analysed? Results, effects, questions …
  18. 18. Studies / five mechanisms for training and insertion Fékama Agricultural colleges Madagascar 2002 AFOP CAMEROON 2008 CIDAP Togo 2003 Alfang Senegal 2014 COOPARA youth programme Côte d’Ivoire 2014
  19. 19. Analysis of the five training/support mechanisms FEKAMA Madagascar CIDAP Togo AFOP Cameroon ALFANG Senegal COOPARA Côte d’Ivoire Creation date of training/insertio n 2002 2009 2003 ? 2008 2014 2014 2016 2012 2014 No. of centres 5 1 90 1 1 No. of young people trained 170/year 23/year 2700/2 years 20/year 100 (61) Total no. young people established 381 27 1400 20 ongoing 67 have secured land Age of recruits 15–20 18–25 18–25 18–25 20–40 Duration of training 3 years 3 years 2 years 6 months + 1 year 3× a few days Governance PAO Private State + local authorities Civil society organisations COOPARA cooperative Funding method FIFATA/ Private + C2D Parents + COOPARA
  20. 20. Results, effects, … Young people are coming forward to receive training Young people build their own operation… With family farming projects family workforce marketed production & food production Of a new generation? technical practices management practices …. Initially by default… now, with conviction …
  21. 21. Results, effects, … They are facing difficulties Access to land Post-harvest losses, health accidents Family meddling Surviving the first year Jealousy and sorcery Good management of farming, non-farming, & family issues … Access to financial services Access to markets
  22. 22. Results, effects, … But they are getting results …. Self-esteem See themselves being active and entrepreneurial Income… Change vision of agriculture … and the world Autonomy … Skills mastered Management of production system Improved techniques Management decisions Marketing … Recognition from others: By their peers/collective momentum By their families By their community In some cases, significant wealth production (added value) / macro level
  23. 23. Results, effects (specifically) linked to support received What are the factors of ‘success’? That allow sufficient time Mechanisms firmly rooted in local realities Mechanisms that set young people at the heart of their projects That combine training and support for establishment Mechanisms that seek to contribute to an evolution of society and policies Systemic training Production systems techniques × management × social /citizenship Combining theory and practice Agriculture seen as a profession…
  24. 24. Concluding elements… (very provisional) … Young people as effective participants in the transformation of family farms Productive family farms, with high economic, social and environmental value Many key questions remain pending: - Will these establishments be sustainable? - How to improve access to resources: land, funding, etc. - Support for young people/established farmers neglected??? - How to ensure the sustainability of support mechanisms? - How to change scale? - What role for farming organisations? - What public policies? - How to promote South/South, South/North apprenticeships?
  25. 25. These studies have led us to meet young people, trainers/advisers, (some) politicians, overflowing with vitality and projects … giving hope for the future …
  26. 26. Thank you for your attention Betty Wampfler betty.wampfler@supagro.fr Photo credits AFOP Cameroon FEKAMA FERT Madagascar CIRAD Gfar Gretel Riveira Margot Shaads Merlin Leppens Jacques Aite B.Wampfler AFOP Cameroon FEKAMA FERT Madagascar CIDAP Togo Alfang Jappoo Senegal COOPARA Côte d’Ivoire ARCADE Benin Edouard Offomou Florette Rengard Gretel Riveira Margot Shaads Merlin Leppens Jacques Aite Jai Sinelle Louise Berges Clara Limousin Anne Panel Amandine Schlur Christophe Bouland Elsa Peter Malick Ndaye Christophe Lesueur Djeneba Diarra Jean François Bélières Raphael Monot KimlonfgLy Lucie Poline Audrey Bousaoud Lova Rakotoson Fréderic Lhoste Carole Lambert Aurelle de Romemont B.Wampfler Students, trainers, partners who contributed to these studies
  27. 27. Annexes for debate – pending issues …. 1. How to ensure sustainability of these types of mechanism? Techniques Skills Tools… Economic & financial What are the costs? Who pays? … Organisation Governance? Evaluation? … Coherence/ public policiesSocial Social integration Integration/situations lacking agricultural services for ‘adults’ Recognition of agriculture by society? Tools… Legal Status … Environmental Agroecology …
  28. 28. 2. How to change scale? Mass training? 25 … 380… 1,400 young people trained and employed … 100,000 …. ….300,000… … cohorts ….? ? ? ?
  29. 29. 2. How to change scale? Mass training? 25 … 380… 1,400 young people trained and employed … 100,000 …. ….300,000… … cohorts ….? ? ? ? Elements of definition (FORMAPROD / SNFAR Madagascar) ‘Mass training’ in order to: - Integrate a large number of young people (100,000) - By meeting their aspirations, quality - Limited cost as using existing resources
  30. 30. 2. How to change scale? Mass training? 25 … 380… 1,400 young people trained and employed … 100,000 …. ….300,000… … cohorts ….? ? ? ? Elements of definition (FORMAPROD / SNFAR Madagascar) ‘Mass training’ in order to: - Integrate a large number of young people (100,000) - By meeting their aspirations, quality - Limited cost as using existing resources Examples? Does such training exist? CMR Côte d’Ivoire ? JAC France (1950–1960 …) Madagascar ? No current miracle model that meets the definition….
  31. 31. 2. How to change scale? Mass training? 25 … 380… 1,400 young people trained and employed … 100,000 …. ….300,000… … cohorts ….? ? ? ? Elements of definition (FORMAPROD / SNFAR Madagascar) ‘Mass training’ in order to: - Integrate a large number of young people (100,000) - By meeting their aspirations, quality - Limited cost as using existing resources Examples? Does such training exist? CMR Côte d’Ivoire ? JAC France (1950–1960 …) Madagascar ? No current miracle model that meets the definition…. Thinking differently? … Could the young people trained through the current framework become the actors for mass training?

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