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Brussels Briefing 48: Thomas Allen "Employment opportunities in West African food systems"

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The Brussels Development Briefing no. 48 on “Strengthening rural livelihoods in the face of rapid urbanisation in Africa” took place on 20th March 2017 from 14:00 to 18:00, at the ACP Secretariat (Avenue Georges Henri 451, 1200 Brussels, Room C). This Briefing was co-organised by CTA, BMZ/GIZ, the ACP Secretariat, European Commission (DG DEVCO) and Concord

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Brussels Briefing 48: Thomas Allen "Employment opportunities in West African food systems"

  1. 1. Strengthening rural livelihoods in the face of rapid urbanisation in Africa Employment opportunities in West African food systems Thomas Allen Brussels, Belgium, 20 March 2017
  2. 2. Urbanisation and cities
  3. 3. Urbanisation and cities
  4. 4. Urbanisation and cities
  5. 5. 3 The regional opportunities 4 Key messages 2 Food: The largest private sector 1 Changing demand
  6. 6. 27% 16% 2% 37% 17% Fruits & Vegetables Meat & Fish Dairy Cereals Others Diversifying diets 31% 22% 4% 26% 17% Urban Rural
  7. 7. Beverages 4% Cereals 27% Unprocessed foods 30% Processed foods 39% Demand for convenience Urban 36% Rural 41%
  8. 8. 3 The regional opportunities 4 Key messages 1 Changing demand 2 Food: The largest private sector
  9. 9. Size of the food economy c 178 USD billion (2010) 36% of regional GDP 32 USD billion (2010) GDP Ghana The region’s largest private sector
  10. 10. Food imports = 7%… Domestic production 93% Imports 7% 178 USD billion (2010) 11 USD billion (2010) Agricultural exports
  11. 11. 4 Key messages 1 Changing demand 2 Food: The largest private sector 3 The regional opportunities
  12. 12. Economic diversification Agriculture 60% Non agricultural 40%
  13. 13. Employment structure in the food economy Farming 60% Food processing 8% Transport, marketing and retail 30% Food catering 2% 13 m FTE jobs 19 m FTE jobs Source: Tchirley et al. (2016) and author’s calculations Nigeria in 2016
  14. 14. 0 22.5 45 67.5 90 112.5 Farming Farm labor Food processing Food marketing Food catering 15-24 25-40 Women Source: Tchirley et al. (2016) % Nigeria in 2016 Shareofagegroupbysegment No youth-specific activities
  15. 15. Different regional and local contexts Concentration of urban demand
  16. 16. Different regional and local contexts Source:Kargetal.(2016) Concentration of urban demand Ouagadougou
  17. 17. 1 Changing demand 2 Food: The largest private sector 3 The regional opportunities 4 Key messages
  18. 18. Key messages
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention

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