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BB59: From Uniformity to Diversity: A paradigm shift from industrial agriculture to diversified agroecological systems - Emile Frison

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The Brussels Development Briefing n. 59 on “Agroecology for Sustainable Food Systems” organised by CTA, the European Commission/EuropeAid, the ACP Secretariat, CONCORD and IPES-FOOD was held on Wednesday 15 January 2020 (9h00-13h00) at the ACP Secretariat, Avenue Georges Henri 451, 1200 Brussels.
The briefing brought various perspectives and experiences on agroecological systems to support agricultural transformation. Experts presented trends and prospects for agroecological approaches and what it implies for the future of the food systems. Successes and innovative models in agroecology in different parts of the world and the lessons learned for upscaling them were also discussed.

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BB59: From Uniformity to Diversity: A paradigm shift from industrial agriculture to diversified agroecological systems - Emile Frison

  1. 1. Emile A. Frison– IPES FOOD Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Agroecology to achieve the SDGs and meeting the Paris climate targets EMILE A. FRISON
  2. 2. Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 JUNE2016
  3. 3. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Our current food systems are not sustainable Triple burden of malnutrition • Hunger, micronutrient deficiencies, obesity &NCDs Negative impact on health • Pesticide poisoning, antibiotic resistance, nitrates in drinking water Environmentally unsustainable • Biodiversity losses, water pollution, soil degradation, GHG emissions, unsustainable use of natural resources, low resilience … Social inequities • Poverty, disempowerment … Neglect of cultural values  Directly associated with current food systems based on industrial agriculture
  4. 4. Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 We need transformational change IPBES report on land degradation 2018 TEEB for Agriculture and Food 2018 IPBES report on Biodiversity 2019 HLPE report on Agroecology 2019 IDDRI report on Agroecology 2019 IPCC report on CC & land 2019 GSDR 2019
  5. 5. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD A different paradigm: diversified agroecological systems ◦ Economic ◦ Environmental ◦ Health ◦ Social ◦ Cultural Agroecology is not just a set of agricultural practices, but is also about changing social relations, empowering farmers, adding value locally and privileging short value chains.
  6. 6. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Economic outcomes of diversified agroecological systems ◦Total productivity  = ◦Income  + ◦Resilience and stability  +++ → Agroecology: to get out of poverty
  7. 7. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Outcomes of diversified agroecological systems: productivity
  8. 8. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Increased economic performance Country Indicator Performance A Versus Conventional Netherlands Income/kg of milk + 110% France Income/family worker + 73% Germany Income/dairy cow + 60% Italy Income/hour + 15% Ireland Gross margins per hectare +75-80% Poland Income/farmer + 53% Spain Gross Value Added + 35% Jan Douwe van der Ploeg, et al., Journal of Rural Studies, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.09.003
  9. 9. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Environmental outcomes of diversified agroecological systems • Keep/put carbon in the soil: turns agriculture into a solution rather than a problem • Boost biodiversity • Restore degraded land • Improve ecosystem services: ◦ Water and nutrient cycling ◦ Pollination ◦ Pest and disease management “In summary, increasing the resilience of the food system through agroecology and diversification is an effective way to achieve climate change adaptation (robust evidence, high agreement).” IPCC, 2019: Special Report on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL), Ch5 p51
  10. 10. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Nutrition and health outcomes ◦ Avoids the negative health outcomes of industrial agriculture: pesticides/antibiotics/nitrates ◦ Diverse, healthy diets ◦ Increased levels of beneficial nutrients, such as omega 3 fatty acids, and antioxidants such as polyphenols… ◦ http://www.ipes- food.org/images/Reports/Health_FullReport.pdf
  11. 11. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Social and Cultural outcomes  Social: More employment  Employment throughout the year  Closer links with consumers Cultural: Cultivation of diversity of traditional crops  Integration of traditional knowledge
  12. 12. Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020
  13. 13. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD What prevents change: 8 Lock-ins
  14. 14. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Market concentration in multiple sectors • 3 companies control 60% of commercial seed market. • 7 companies control majority of fertilizer sales. • 3 companies share 71% of agrochemical market. • 4 firms account for 97% of private R&D in poultry. • 4 firms control up to 90% of the global grain trade.
  15. 15. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD
  16. 16. Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Changing the paradigm
  17. 17. Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Measuring what matters
  18. 18. Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD The transition is already underway…
  19. 19. Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Different pathways, common goal
  20. 20. Emile A. Frison – IPES FOOD Brussels Briefing on Agroecology, 15 January 2020 Thank you! www.ipes-food.org
  21. 21. Research and Innovation Horizon Europe This presentation is delivered by a member of a Horizon Europe Mission Board, which is an informal group of experts set up by the European Commission to provide advice for the identification and implementation of missions in the future Horizon Europe programme. The contents of the presentation do not represent the official views of the European Commission nor do they constitute a commitment of any kind on its behalf. #HorizonEU #Eumissions #MissionSoil MISSION BOARD FOR SOIL HEALTH AND FOOD
  22. 22. Research and innovation missions  Strong visibility and impact on society and policy- making through science and technology  Achieve a bold, inspirational and measurable goal that could not be attained through individual actions within a set timeframe  Find solutions to some of the major challenges faced by European citizens
  23. 23. Adaptation to climate change, including societal transformation Cancer Healthy oceans, seas, coastal and inland waters Soil health and food Climate-neutral and smart cities 5 mission areas
  24. 24. We know more about the movement of celestial bodies than we know about the soil underfoot Leonardo da Vinci, about 1500 AD Why a mission in the area of soil health and food?
  25. 25. Soil health and food - Who is involved?  Mission area managed across EU Commission services: co-lead by DG AGRI (secretariat) and DG RTD + DGs CLIMA, ENV, JRC, MARE, SANTE, ENER and MOVE  Creation of Mission Board to develop ideas for one or more possible missions in the area of soil health and food  Mission board can be supported by members of a Mission Assembly  Stakeholders and citizens will contribute to the development and implementation of the mission through co-design, co-implementation and co-assessment
  26. 26.  Soils perform a range of vital functions and deliver public goods: - provision of healthy food, clean water, biodiversity, nutrient cycling, carbon storage, cultural services - these functions are interdependent!  Land/soils are a scarce and non-renewable resource;  Soils are fragile ecosystems and threatened by unsustainable land management, urbanization and climate change  Land/Soils are at the center of major societal challenges (food security, food safety, loss of biodiversity, climate mitigation and adaptation);  Solutions require a systems approach: addressing the various types of land use and soil functions and creating broad partnerships Why a mission on soil health and food? Ambition: “Healthy soils for healthy people and a healthy planet”!
  27. 27. Mission area is critical to meet global political commitments such as the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals And it is highly relevant for new Commission priorities, notably the Green Deal Land/soil management is relevant to major policy objectives on:  food and nutrition security  climate change mitigation  protection of biodiversity  reduction of pollution  vibrant rural areas Soil health and food – at the right time!
  28. 28. Cees VEERMAN (NL) Teresa PINTO-CORREIA (PT) Catia BASTIOLI (IT) Borbala BIRO (HU) Johan BOUMA (NL) Emil CIENCIALA (CZ) Bridget Anne EMMET (UK) Lachezar Hristov FILCHEV (BG) Emile Antoine FRISON (BE) Alfred GRAND (AT) Marta POGRZEBA (PL) Jean-François SOUSSANA (FR) Zita KRIAUČIŪNIENĖ (LT) Carmen VELA OLMO (ES) Rainer WITTKOWSKI (DE) Soil health and food – Mission Board Chair Vice-Chair
  29. 29. Steps towards Horizon Europe Strategic Plan & Missions in the Work Programme Start of Horizon Europe Summer 2019 2020 Autumn- winter 2019/2020 Extensive exchanges with the European Parliament Identification of missions based on advice from the Mission Boards Establishment of Mission Boards Start of exchanges with Member States Research & Innovation Days 24 – 26 September 2021 Extensive programme of citizens engagement Drafting first Horizon Europe Work Programme for missions identified in Strategic Plan
  30. 30. Communication and engagement: mission impossible! World Soil Day – video - tweet: more than 30 000 visualisations in less than 24h survey Sent to more than 7000 people (EIP- AGRI flash news) articles, newsletters, events through COM channels and members of the board as ambassadors
  31. 31. Thank you! # HorizonEU #EUmissions #MissionSoil © European Union, 2019. | Images source: © darkovujic, #82863476; © Konovalov Pavel, #109031193; 2018. Fotolia.com http://ec.europa.eu/horizon-europe

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